APS News

December 2002 (Volume 11, Number 12)

APS Apker Award Honors Two Young Physicists

Photo by Lalena Lancaster

Jason Alicea; Photo by Lalena Lancaster

The APS has honored two budding young physicists with the 2003 Apker Award for their undegraduate thesis work.

Jason Alicea of the University of Florida received the award for a PhD-granting institution for his thesis entitled, "Resistance of Multilayers with Long Length Scale Interfacial Roughness."

S. Charles Doret of Williams College received the award for a non-PhD-granting institution for his thesis entitled, "A Precise Measurement of the Stark Shift in the 6P1/2 -> 7S1/2 378 nm Transition in Atomic Thallium."

Magnetic multi-layers are mesoscopic structures composed of alternating ferromagnetic and paramagnetic layers. A theoretical understanding of the effects of interface roughness is essential for answering the question of what role the interface structure plays in determining the resistance and giant magnetoresistance of multilayers.

Researchers at the University of California at San Diego conducted a series of experiments to measure the magnetoresistance and interfacial roughness for a set of magnetic multilayers, and since the length scale of the roughness was much larger that the Fermi wavelength, it was surprising to see a substantial increase in the resistance with both the current parallel and perpendicular to the layers.

Similar experiments by a separate group at Michigan State University didn't see any change in the resistance with increased interfacial roughness.

Alicea's thesis centered on finding a theoretical explanation for these unusual experimental results by carrying out the numerical solution of the Boltzmann transport equation.

He first found that the long length scale interfacial roughness decreased resistance when the current was flowing perpendicular to the layers-the opposite of the UCSD experimental results. He then tried the short mean free path limit, and found that the resistance increased with interfacial roughness when the current flows either perpendicular or parallel to the layers, just as the UCSD researchers observed.

In his manuscript, Alicea carefully addressed the question of which parameter regime one needs in order to see a resistance increase, decrease or no change at all, and these well-defined calculations will help guide future work.

Alicea presented his work at the 2002 March Meeting and has submitted the final manuscript for publication in Physical Review B. He received his B.S. in physics in December 2001 and is currently pursuing graduate studies in condensed matter theory at the University of California, Santa Barbara, with an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship.

Photo by Lalena LancasterS. Charles Doret; Photo by Lalena Lancaster
Doret spent nearly two and a half years working in the atomic physics laboratory at Williams College, culminating in his senior honors project on the measurement of the Stark shift of an electric dipole transition in thallium. This work helps provide the atomic structure information required to relate the observed parity violations in atoms to the underlying parity-violating weak interaction.

He constructed, tested, redesigned and optimized important pieces of the optical system, the atomic beam system, the high-voltage system, and the data acquisition system. His significant improvements to the experimental apparatus enabled him to collect and analyze an enormous amount of high-precision Stark shift data.

Much of the experimental challenge for Doret was to identify and eliminate systematic errors. He performed extensive computer simulations, and completed many paper-and-pencil estimates of potential effects; proposed various experimental "checks" and some redesign of the data collection method and, based on this, has completed a thorough experimental exploration of potential errors.

His result was a measurement of the Stark shift with 0.4% accuracy, and experimental precision now far exceeds the precision of calculated thallium wave functions, presenting a challenge for future theoretical improvement.

Doret presented his results at the May 2002 meeting of the APS Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics in Williamsburg, VA, and has submitted the final manuscript to Physical Review A for publication. He received B.S. degrees in physics and mathematics in May 2002 and is currently pursuing graduate studies in physics at Harvard University.

APS encourages the redistribution of the materials included in this newspaper provided that attribution to the source is noted and the materials are not truncated or changed.

Editor: Alan Chodos
Associate Editor: Jennifer Ouellette

December 2002 (Volume 11, Number 12)

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IUPAP Declares 2005 "World Year of Physics"; Franz Elected Secretary-General
Members in the Media
Yee-Haw! March Meeting Heads Down to Austin, Texas
Zero Gravity
Solar Neutrinos, Latest RHIC Data Highlight DNP Meeting
The Back Page
This Month in Physics History
APS News Asks Readers to Pick Historic American Physics Sites
PRL Top Ten: #9
APS Apker Award Honors Two Young Physicists
Focus on Committees
Nobel Prize in Physics Honors Astrophysics Pioneers
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New Nanotechnology Bill Introduced
Meeting Briefs