APS News

April 1999 (Volume 8, Number 4)

Prominent Physicists of the 20th Century

Prominent Physicists of the 20th Century: A CD-ROM Photo Collection
A CD-ROM Photo Collection

The APS has developed a collection of portraits of late physicists for the APS centennial. The collection was initiated both to provide a pictorial history of distinguished physicists throughout the last century and to help illustrate talks given by speakers included in the APS Centennial Speakers booklet. The approximately 200 portraits of late physicists selected for the collection have been compiled on CD-ROM. The collection is indexed alphabetically and includes birth and death dates, in addition to a short description of the subject's contribution to physics.

How were the names chosen? The selection was done by a committee chaired by APS past President Andrew Sessler, consisting also of physicist-historians Stephen Brush, Gerald Holton, and Spencer Weart. They chose names that were likely to be mentioned in lectures on 20th century physics. But there were two important limitations.

First, the committee did not include anyone who died before 1900, although it included a few physicists (such as Boltzmann and Roentgen) whose most important contributions, while made before 1900, had a major impact on 20th century physics. Second, it excluded persons still alive at the end of 1997. Thus you will not find pictures of Galileo, Newton, or Maxwell; nor, will you find entries in the current generation of active outstanding physicists. On the other hand, it interpreted the term "physicist" broadly, including several mathematicians, astronomers, chemists and earth scientists whose work is widely known and highly valued in the physics community.

A third constraint was that the photo collection had to fit on a single CD-ROM. Thus it could not include every physicist recommended by one of the several groups consulted for suggestions. The selection committee used its judgment to eliminate many names. While we are confident that all the persons included do in fact belong in this collection, it would be surprising if we did not receive complaints about some of the many omissions. We are especially interested in learning how you found the CD-ROM useful and what changes would make it more so.

The production of this CD-ROM was made possible by the resources and cooperation of the staff of the AIP Niels Bohr Library and the Center for History of Physics at the American Center for Physics in College Park, Maryland, including the Emilio Segre Visual Archives photograph collection. Please note that the images may only be used for projection at lectures; permission to reproduce them in publications or in any other form must be requested from the copyright owner, indicated in the credit line for each photo. The Center for History of Physics, owns the world rights to many of these photos.

The CD-ROM collection was produced with the assistance of Erika Ridgway, Elizabeth Buchan-Higgins, Kim Quigley and other APS staff members, and Stephen Norton, a graduate student in the History and Philosophy of Science Program at the University of Maryland, College Park.

The information on the CD-ROM is in pdf format (reader included) and will run on Windows 95, NT, 3.1, 3.11 or later versions, Macintosh, and Unix systems. It will be available for purchase at meetings of the Society throughout 1999.

Alfven, Hannes Olaf Gosta
Alvarez, Luis Walter
Anderson, Carl David
Appleton, Edward Victor
Aston, Francis William
Ayrton, Hertha
Bainbridge, Kenneth T.
Bardeen, John
Barkla, Charles Glover
Becquerel, Antoine-Henri
Bell, John Stewart
Bhabha, Homi Jehangir
Bitter, Francis
Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart
Blau, Marietta
Bloch, Felix
Blodgett, Katharine Burr
Bogolyubov, Nikolai Nikolaevich
Bohm, David
Bohr, Niels Henrik David
Boltzman, Ludwig E.
Born, Max
Bose, Satyendra Nath
Bouchet, Edward Alexander
Bragg, William Henry
Bragg, William Lawrence
Brattain, Walter Houser
Breit, Gregory
Bridgman, Percy Williams
Brillouin, Leon Nicolas
Chadwick, James
Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan
Chapman, Sydney
Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich
Cockcroft, John Douglas
Compton, Arthur Holly
Condon, Edward Uhler
Crookes, William
Curie, Pierre
Curie, Marie Sklodowska
Davisson, Clinton Joseph
DeBroglie, Louis Victor
Debye, Petrus
Dicke, Robert Henry
Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice
Du Mond, Jesse William Monroe
Eddington, Arthur Stanley
Ehrenfest, Paul
Ehrenfest-Afanassjeva, T.A.
Einstein, Albert
Ellis, Robert A., Jr.
Fairbank, William Martin
Fermi, Enrico
Feynman, Richard Phillips
Fowler, William Alfred
Franck, James
Frank, Ilya Mikhailovich
Frank, Philipp
Franklin, Rosalind Elsie
Frenkel Yakov Ilyich
Frisch, Otto Robert
Fukui, Kenichi
Gabor, Dennis
Gamow, George
Geiger, Hans Wilhelm
Gibbs, Josiah Willard
Goppert-Mayer, Maria
Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham
Grad, Harold
Hahn, Otto
Hale, George Ellery
Heisenberg, Werner Karl
Hertz, Gustav Ludwig
Hess, Victor Franz
de Hevesy, George
Hilbert, David
Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot
Hofstadter, Robert L.
Houtermans, Fritz Georg
Hubble, Edwin Powell
Imes, Elmer Samuel
Ioffe, Abram F.
Jensen, Johannes Hans Daniel
Joliot, Frederic
Joliot-Curie, Irene
Kamerlingh-Onnes, Heike
Kapitza, Pyotr
von Karman, Theodore
Kastler, Alfred
Kemble, Edward Crawford
Kerst, Donald William
Klein, Oskar Benjamin
Kramers, Hendrik A.
Kurchatov, Igor
Kusch, Polykarp
Land, Edwin Herbert
Landau, Lev Davidovich
Lande, Alfred
Langevin, Paul
Langmuir, Irving
von Laue, Max
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando
Leavitt, Henrietta Swan
Lehmann, Inge
Lemaitre, Georges
Libby, Willard Frank
Livingston, M. Stanley
London, Fritz Wolfgang
Lonsdale, Kathleen
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon
Lyman, Theodore
Mach, Ernst
Marconi, Guglielmo
Marshak, Robert Eugene
Matthias, Bernd Teo
McMillan, Edwin Mattison
Meitner, Lise
Michelson, Albert Abraham
Millikan, Robert Andrews
Minkowski, Hermann
von Mises, Richard
Moseley, Henry Gwyn-Jeffreys
Mott, Nevill Francis
Mulliken, Robert Sanderson
von Neumann, John
Nier, Alfred Otto Carl
Noether, Amalie Emmy
Occhialini, Giuseppe
Onsager, Lars
Oppenheimer, J. Robert
Patterson, Clair Cameron
Paul, Wolfgang
Pauli, Wolfgang
Pauling, Linus Carl
Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia
Peierls, Rudolf E.
Perey, Marguerite Catherine
Perrin, Jean Baptiste
Planck, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig
Pockels, Agnes
Poincare, Jules Henri
Powell, Cecil Frank
Prandtl, Ludwig
Purcell, Edward Mills
Rabi, Isidor Isaac
Rainwater, Leo James
Raman, Chandrasekhara
Richardson, Owen Williams
Rontgen, Wilhelm Conrad
Rossi, Bruno
Rutherford, Ernest
Sabine, Wallace Clement
Sakharov, Andrei Dmitrievich
Salam, Abdus
Schiff, Leonard Issac
Schrodinger, Erwin
Schwarzschild, Martin
Schwinger, Julian Seymour
Segre, Emilio Gino
Serber, Robert
Shockley, William
Siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg
Slater, John Clarke
Sommerfeld, Arnold
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr.
Stark, Johannes
Stern, Otto
Street, Jabez Curry
Strutt, John William Rayleigh
Szilard, Leo
Tamm, Igor Yevgenyevich
Thomas, Llewellyn
Thomson, George Paget
Thomson, Joseph John
Tomonaga, Sin-itiro
Tuve, Merle Anthony
Uhlenbeck, George Eugene
Urey, Harold Clayton
Van de Graaff, Robert J.
Van Hove, Léon
Van Vleck, John H.
Walton, Ernest Thomas Sinton
Weyl, K.H. Herman
Wick, Gian-Carlo
Wideroe, Rolf
Wien, Wilhelm
Wiener, Norbert
Wigner, Eugene Paul
Wood, Robert Williams
Wu, Chien-Shiung
Yukawa, Hideki
Zeeman, Pieter
Zel'dovich, Yakov B.
Zernike, Fritz
Zwicky, Fritz

APS encourages the redistribution of the materials included in this newspaper provided that attribution to the source is noted and the materials are not truncated or changed.

Editor: Barrett H. Ripin
Associate Editor: Jennifer Ouellette

April 1999 (Volume 8, Number 4)

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Articles in this Issue
Mass Media Fellows Reflect on Internship Experience
Style and Substance Characterize APS Centennial Celebration
International News: Dakar Workshop Fosters Research Collaborations in Africa
Yale Olympics Show Students That Physics Can Be Fun
APS Resolution Urges Amending Data Access Law
Festival Spotlight: Teaching the Science Behind the Magic
Prominent Physicists of the 20th Century
In Brief
APS Views
The Back Page
Zero Gravity: The Lighter Side of Science
Quoteworthy Science