APS News

July 1998 (Volume 7, Number 7)

Members To Choose New Leadership for 1999

The membership of The American Physical Society will elect a Vice-President, a Chair-Elect of the Nominating Committee, and four General Councillors in the 1998 General Election. Ballots must be received by the 10 August 1998 deadline in order to be valid and can be found in the current (July 1998) print version of APS News. A slate of candidates has been prepared by the Nominating Committee, and biographical summaries for each are provided below. Full biographical information and candidates' statements are printed in the ballot.


Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
Grunder was born and raised in Basel, Switzerland, and received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Basel in 1967. He joined the staff at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 1959, serving as Group Leader of the 88-Inch Cyclotron. After receiving his Ph.D., he returned to LBNL as a staff scientist, later becoming deputy director. He also served as a special assistant for advanced facilities in the Division of High Energy Physics at the Department of Energy in Washington during the construction of the SLC, ISABEL, and the Tevatron II. In 1985, Dr. Grunder left LBNL to assume directorship of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, now the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab), which was being built in Newport News, Virginia. Grunder has been very involved in the APS, serving on the Division of Nuclear Physics Executive Committee, chairing the Division of Physics of Beams and Executive and serving as DPB Councillor in 1996-1997.

University of California, Berkeley Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Born in Poland, Trilling received his Ph.D. in 1955 from the California Institute of Technology. After postdoctoral appointments at Caltech and the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, he joined the University of Michigan in 1957 as assistant professor of physics. Three years later he moved to the University of California at Berkeley, serving as Department Chair in 1968-72, and as Director of the Physics Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 1984-87. He is presently a professor emeritus of physics at UCB and a senior faculty physicist at LBL. His research is in experimental particle physics, and has included studies of hadron interactions and resonances, electron-positron annihilation at high energy, and colliding beam experiments and detectors. Trilling has served on numerous advisory committees including the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel. Within the APS, he served on the Physics Planning Commitee and as Chair of the Division of Particles and Fields. He is presently a DPF Divisional Councillor.


Xerox Corporation
Duke's career has encompassed research, teaching, editing, and industrial management in institutions spanning academia, government and industry. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton in 1963. Currently, he serves as Vice President and Senior Research Fellow in the Corporate Research and Technology Group at Xerox Corporation. Other industrial service includes technical and management positions at the Xerox Research Laboratories, and six years as a staff member of the General Electric Corporate R&D Center. His academic career began in 1969 when he was appointed a Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois in Urbana, Illinois, posts which he held until 1972. He served as Adjunct Professor of Physics at the University of Rochester during 1972-88 and Affiliate Professor of Physics at the University of Washington during 1988-89. His government service consisted of his appointment as Deputy Director and Chief Scientist of the Pacific Northwest Laboratory during 1988-89, during which time he founded the Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory. Duke currently serves on the Council and Executive Board of the APS, and was a co-founder of the Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics in 1995.

The University of Chicago/Fermilab
Turner is the Bruce V. and Diana M. Rauner Distinguished Service Professor and Chair of the Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics at The University of Chicago. He also holds appointments in the Department of Physics and Enrico Fermi Institute at Chicago and is a member of the scientific staff at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Turner received his Ph.D. in Physics from Stanford University in 1978. His association with The University of Chicago began in 1978. Turner has been honored with the APS Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize. He is a theorist whose research focuses on the application of elementary-particle theory to the origin and evolution of the Universe. His current interests include inflationary cosmology, big-bang nucleosynthesis, dark matter and structure formation, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. Within the APS, Turner has served as on the APS Council and Executive Board, the Publications Oversight Committee, the Committee on the Status of Women in Physics, and the Committee on Committees.


University of Michigan
Bucksbaum is Professor of Physics at the University of Michigan, and Associate Director of the NSF Center for Ultrafast Optical Science. His research is in experimental atomic physics with particular emphasis on the behavior of atoms and molecules in intense laser fields, and on measurements of fundamental forces and symmetries in atoms. He received his Bachelor's degree in Physics from Harvard College in 1975, and his Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1980. Following postdoctoral positions at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and Bell Telephone Laboratories, he joined the Technical Staff at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ in 1982, where he remained until joining the faculty of the University of Michigan in 1990. Within the APS, Dr. Bucksbaum is a member of the Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (DAMOP), the Division of Laser Science (DLS), and the Precision Measurements Topical Group. He has served the Society on numerous committees. He is also a Distinguished Traveling Lecturer for the DLS. He will assume the Otto Laporte Professorship in Physics at the University of Michigan beginning September 1998.

Ford Research Laboratory
Davis is the Manager of the Physics Department, Ford Research Laboratory. The mission of this department is to conduct long range research in areas of physics that have potential impact upon the Ford Motor Company's business. His personal research has been in electro/magnetorheological fluids, composite materials, applications of superconductivity, magnetic levitation of high-speed ground transportation, electron tunneling, atomic spectra, electron spectroscopy, resonant photoemission, and the theory of alloy semiconductors. He received his degrees in Physics from Iowa State University (Ph.D. 1966) and the California Institute of Technology. He was a postdoctoral fellow and an instructor at the University of Illinois, before joining the Ford Motor Company in 1969. He has been a Guest Scientist at DESY (Hamburg, Germany), the Institute for Theoretical Physics (Santa Barbara) and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, as well as an Academic Affiliate of the Center for Fundamental Materials Research at Michigan State University. Davis served APS as Chair of the Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics in 1997-8.

University of Pennsylvania
Gladney is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania. His research career has been focussed on the study of weak interactions of heavy quarks. At present, he is part of the Babar collaboration working at the SLAC B factory. This facility seeks to understand the nature of CP-violation through intensive study of neutral B meson decays and thereby provide crucial tests of Standard Model predictions as well as search for physics beyond the Standard Model. He obtained his Ph.D. in Physics at Stanford University in 1985 where he made the first measurements of the lifetimes of the neutral and charged D mesons in the electron-positron collider environment. He came to Penn as a postdoctoral student in 1985 and became Assistant Professor in 1988 while working on the CDF experiment. He was one of the main contributors to the first direct observation of B mesons in the hadron collider environment, the start of a rich era of B meson studies at such machines. Since 1994, he has been associate director and a lead teacher for the Lincoln-Penn Pre-College LASER program, an outreach program that provides 4 hours of hands-on instruction in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, and computer engineering to 120 students, in grades 7 through 12, enrolled in public and parochial schools throughout the Philadelphia area. His awards include the 1997 APS Edward A. Bouchet award.

Illinois Institute of Technology/Fermilab
Lederman served as Fermilab Director from 1979-1989. Before that he taught and did research in particle physics at Columbia University, where he also did his graduate work. While at Columbia, he did research at the 400 MeV Synchrocyclotron (NEVIS), at Brookhaven National Laboratory, at CERN's Intersecting Storage Rings, at the Berkeley Bevatron and the Rutherford Lab in the UK. He is the recipient of the National Medal of Science (1965) given by President Johnson and the Fermi Prize (1993) given by President Clinton. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988 for his work with Mel Schwartz and Jack Steinberger on neutrinos. Lederman made Fermilab a strong center for Latin American physicists and engineers, helping to create user groups in Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and Bolivia. During his Fermilab tour, Lederman led an aggressive outreach program in science education. He helped to start the Illinois Math and Science Academy (1986), a 3-year public residential school for gifted students, and then the Teachers Academy for Math and Science (1990), to upgrade the math and science skills of primary school teachers in the Chicago public schools. He is a founding member of the DOE Advisory Group, HEPAP, and has served on NSF Advisory Groups for Physics and Science Education. He served as President and as Chairman of AAAS (1990-1992). He has co-authored Quarks to the Cosmos with David Schramm, and The God Particle with Dick Teresi.

University of Colorado/JILA
Lineberger received his Ph.D. in 1965 from the Georgia Institute of Technology, working with Earl W. McDaniel. After a postdoctoral with Lewis Branscomb at JILA, he joined the faculty of the University of Colorado in 1970. He is presently the E. U. Condon Professor of Chemistry and Fellow of JILA at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Lineberger has received the APS H. P. Broida Prize and the Earle K. Plyler Prize, and the Irvin B. Langmuir Prize of the American Chemical Society. Lineberger's research interests are in experimental chemical physics, laser spectroscopy, and the ultrafast dynamics of molecular reactions. His current research activities include studies of molecular rearrangements following photoexcitation, photodetachment threshold phenomena, and dynamics of molecular cluster ions. In the APS, Lineberger has served as Chair of the Division of Chemical Physics (1982/83) and the Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics(1986/87). He has also served as Chair of the Topical Group on Laser Science (1994/95), and is currently a member of the Physics Policy Committee.

Tulane University
McGuire has been Murchison Mallory Professor at Tulane University in New Orleans since 1991. He belongs to divisions of atomic, condensed matter, chemical, laser, nuclear, plasma and elementary particle physics of APS, and is currently active in atomic, optical, chemical and condensed matter physics. McGuire received his Ph.D. in high energy nuclear physics from Northeastern University in 1969 and went to Texas A&M as an Assistant Professor. During 1972-1991 he was at Kansas State University. In 1997-98 he was a Alexander von Humboldt senior awardee at the University of Frankfurt, Germany. McGuire's research has been in understanding the dynamics of electron correlation. In 1997, McGuire published "Electron Correlation Dynamics in Atomic Collisions" and was an Editor of the "Encyclopedia of Physics". He was a site leader for the Introductory University Physics Project in 1992-1993. He is active in science outreach and public education in New Orleans. He has served on APS various committees, including Secretary-Treasurer of DAMOP, Executive Committees of DAMOP and FBSMD. He was one of the organizers of the first APS Congressional Day.

University of California, San Diego
O'Neil is a professor of physics at the University of California at San Diego. He is a plasma theorist whose early research included the extension of Landau damping to the nonlinear regime and the theory of plasma wave echoes. Currently, he studies the physics of magnetically confined nonneutral plasmas, liquids, and crystals. He is a fellow of the APS, co-recipient of the 1991 APS Award for Excellence in Plasma Physics, and the recipient of the 1996 APS James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics. He received his B.S. degree from California State University at Long Beach in 1962 and his Ph.D. from UCSD in 1965. After a brief period on the research staff of the Plasma Physics Group at General Atomics Corporation, he returned to UCSD as a faculty member in the Physics Department, where he will be chair starting this summer. He has served the APS Division of Plasma Physics on many committees including the Executive Committee. This year he serves as a Distinguished Lecturer for Plasma Physics. He has been a Divisional Associate Editor for Physical Review Letters, and served on the Advisory Board for the Institute for Fusion Studies and the Institute for Theoretical Physics.

George Mason University
Trefil received his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Stanford University. After postdocs at CERN and MIT and a junior faculty appointment at Illinois, he joined the faculty at the University of Virginia, where he eventually became University Professor of Physics. He assumed his current position at George Mason in 1985. His current research, carried on in collaboration with the paleontology group at the University of Chicago, involves constructing mathematical models to interpret the fossil record.

His main interest is in promoting scientific literacy both inside the university and among the general public. He is the author or co-author of 25 books and numerous magazine articles on science for the general reader. With Robert Hazen, he has developed a university level scientific literacy course and textbook now being used by over 150 universities and colleges. He is on the Science Boards of National Public Radio and Astronomy Magazine, Science Consultant to Smithsonian magazine, and Contributing Editor for Science to USA Today Weekend Magazine. His writing has won numerous awards, including the AAAS Science Journalism Award. He is a Fellow of the World Economic Forum and a member of the AAAS Committee on Public Understanding of Science.

APS encourages the redistribution of the materials included in this newspaper provided that attribution to the source is noted and the materials are not truncated or changed.

Editor: Barrett H. Ripin

July 1998 (Volume 7, Number 7)

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Articles in this Issue
Educator/Student Day Draws Local High Schoolers
Highlights form Columbus, OH Spring Meeting: "Cosmic Chords," Quark Gluon Plasmas
Check out the Centennial Webpage
"Cosmic Chords" Support of Einstein's Theory
First Observation of Quark-Gluon Plasma?
A Century of Physics
Gala Event of the Century
Isidor Rabi: Scientist and Citizen
Recent Experiments on Exotic Atoms
Zero Gravity
In Brief
Speakers at Centennial Session Pay Tribute to Leo SzilardSpeakers at Centennial Session Pay Tribute to Leo Szilard
Physical Review Editorial Office Expanding
Council Structure to be Reviewed by Newly Established Task Force
Physics and Toys: Fun for Everyone
A Year of Opportunities: APS Retiring Presidential Address
Members To Choose New Leadership for 1999
Springtime Demos Illustrate Basic Physics Concepts
The Back Page