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Fourteen physicists will be honored for their work in fluid dynamics and plasma physics in November. The 1995 Fluid Dynamics Prize, Otto Laporte Award, and Visiting Minority Lectureship will be presented during the annual fall meeting of the Division of Fluid Dynamics in Irvine, California. The 1995 James Clerk Maxwell Prize, Excellence in Plasma Physics Award, and the Simon Ramo Award will be presented during the annual fall meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics in Louisville, Kentucky.
1995 FLUID DYNAMICS PRIZE
Established in 1979 the Fluid Dynamics Prize is intended to recognize and encourage outstanding achievements in fluid dynamics research. The prize is now supported by friends of the Division of Fluid Dynamics and the AIP Journal, Physics of Fluids.
Harry L. Swinney
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: "In recognition of his definitive characterizing of the onset of turbulence, his pioneering investigations of chaotic advection and fluid dynamics in rotating flows, and his discoveries and insights concerning pattern formation in chemical dynamics using novel experimental techniques. Professor Swinney's efforts were the first to bridge the gap between nonlinear dynamical systems theory and laboratory investigations of flow phenomena. His ability to bring together different fields of science to explore new ground with rigor, dedication, and enthusiasm is truly remarkable."
Swinney received his Ph.D. in physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1968, where he remained as a research associate and assistant professor until 1971. After two years as an assistant professor at New York University, he joined the faculty of the City College of the City University of New York. In 1978 he moved to the University of Texas at Austin, where is presently the Sid Richardson Foundation Regents Chair in Physics. Since 1985 he has also served as director of the university's Center for Nonlinear Dynamics. Swinney's extensive service for the APS includes terms on the APS Executive Board and Council, and on the Executive Committee of the Division of Fluid Dynamics.
1995 OTTO LAPORTE AWARD
The Otto LaPorte Award was established in 1985 to recognize outstanding research accomplishments pertaining to the physics of fluids.
Katepalli R. Sreenivasan
Citation: "For pivotal experimental studies on the statistical geometry of turbulent flows, for fundamental work on the multifractal description of turbulence, and for services to the fluid dynamics community."
A native of India, Sreenivasan received his Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Science in 1975. He is presently the Harold W. Cheel Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University, with concurrent appointments in the Departments of Physics and Applied Physics. In addition to his involvement with the APS Committee on International Freedom of Scientists and Division of Fluid Dynamics, he has served on the editorial boards of numerous scientific journals, including the Journal of Applied Mechanics, Physical Review Letters and Physical Review E. His research is primarily focused on turbulent flows in the laboratory and atmosphere, sonic booms, chaos, and fractals, among other topics.
1995 JAMES CLERK MAXWELL PRIZE
Established in 1975 by a donation from Maxwell Laboratories, Inc., the James Clerk Maxwell Prize is intended to recognize outstanding contributions to the field of plasma physics.
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: "For his rare combination of physical insight, theoretical ability and skill for performing careful, clear and definitive experiments. He has made fundamental contributions to plasma physics in such diverse areas as magnetic confinement devices, laser plasma interactions, novel plasma-based accelerators and sources for plasma processing. Of particular note are his pioneering works on electrostatic probes, low frequency fluctuations in magnetized plasma, parametric instabilities in laser plasma interactions, and helicon plasma sources. In addition, his classic textbook, Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, has helped educate a generation of plasma physicists."
Chen received his Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University in 1954 and joined the staff of the nascent Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory that same year. He left in 1969 to assume his present position of professor of physics at the University of California, Los Angeles. In addition to his many important contributions noted above, he is presently trying to develop new industrial uses of low-temperature plasmas to attract more plasma physicists to that area of research.
1995 EXCELLENCE IN PLASMA PHYSICS RESEARCH AWARD
Established in 1981, this award is intended to recognize a particular recent outstanding achievement in plasma physics research.
S. Gail Glendinning
Steven W. Haan
Joseph D. Kilkenny
David H. Munro
Bruce A. Remington
Russell J. Wallace
Stephen V. Weber
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
James P. Knauer
Charles P. Verdon
University of Rochester
Citation: "For outstanding theoretical work, computational design and analysis, and experimental work leading to quantitative and predictive understanding of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in high-energy density plasmas."
Glendinning received her Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics from Duke University in 1980 and spent the next four years working for General Electric. Since 1984 she has been an experimentalist with Livermore's Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program, where she has led experiments in neutron diagnostics and in measuring growth rates of hydrodynamic instabilities.
Haan received his Ph.D. in statistical physics from the University of Maryland in 1977. He spent two years teaching and doing research at the University of California, Berkeley, before joining the ICF program in 1981. He currently leads the division responsible for ICF implosion capsule physics.
Kilkenny received his Ph.D. in physics from England's Imperial College in 1971 with work on toroidal containment devices, where he remained as a lecturer, until 1982. After two years at London University, he joined the LLNL ICF program as leader of the Nova laser operation.
Knauer received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Hawaii in 1977 and held postdoctoral positions at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Hawaii before joining the staff of Lockheed Missiles and Space Company in 1979. Since 1986 he has worked at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics. Developing a variety of ICF experimental techniques.
Munro received his Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980 and has since been a target designer and code developer for the LLNL ICF program. He has worked on the design and analysis of hydrodynamics experiments.
Remington received his Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics from Michigan State University in 1986 and spent the next two years as a postdoc at Livermore. He is presently leader of the Hydrodynamics Group. He has led most of the experiments in measuring growth rates and multi-mode coupling of hydrodynamic instabilities.
Verdon received his Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from the University of Arizona in 1982. Since 1979 he has worked at the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics, where he is currently deputy director. His areas of research include code development in ICF research.
Wallace spent a year at Rocketdyne developing large-scale laser systems after his B.S. degree in 1975. He received his Ph.D. in materials science from the University of Southern California in 1983 and spent the next three years as a postdoctoral research associate at Livermore. He now works for the LLNL ICF program.
Weber received his Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1978. After stints at CalTech and Dartmouth College, he joined the LLNL ICF program as a target designer. Currently co-project leader for the National Ignition Facility, he has worked on the design and analysis of implosion experiments.
1995 SIMON RAMO AWARD
Sponsored by TRW, Inc., and the Division of Plasma Physics, the Simon Ramo Award was established in 1985. It is intended to provide recognition to exceptional young scientists who have performed original doctoral thesis work of outstanding scientific quality and achievement in the area of plasma physics.
Christopher D. Decker
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: "For his pioneering work advancing the understanding and predictive computer modeling of the interaction of short-pulse, high-intensity laser light with plasma, including the effects of Raman forward scattering, nonlinear group velocity, relativistic self-focusing, and nonlinear collisional absorption at ultra-high intensity."
Decker received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1994, where he did theoretical computational work on laser plasma interactions and developed novel computer simulation codes as a research assistant in the Department of Physics. He is currently a post-doctoral research staff member at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, developing Xray sources and working on Xray diagnostics for the inertial confinement fusion program.
1995 BOUCHET-RAINWATER AWARD
[1995 VISITING MINORITY LECTURESHIP]
Established in 1993 and sponsored by the Research Corporation, the 1995 Bouchet-Rainwater Award (originally the Visiting Minority Lectureship) is intended to -promote the participation of under-represented minorities in physics by publicizing the lecturer's work and career development to the physics community, especially to young minority physics students.
Joseph Johnson III
Florida A&M University
Citation: "For outstanding research achievements in investigation of turbulent and non-equilibrium fluids, and for contributions to the development of minority scientists and engineers."
Johnson received his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1965, and has held research positions with Sikorsky Aircraft Company and Bell Telephone Laboratories. He has held faculty appointments at Yale, Southern University, Rutgers University, The City College, and at Florida A&M University, where he is presently a professor of science and engineering, and a professor of physics and mechanical engineering. He is also director of the NASA HBCU Research Center for Nonlinear and Nonequilibrium Aeroscience at Florida A&M. In addition to investigating a wide variety of fundamental fluid and plasma phenomena, Johnson has played an important role as a science administrator and science teacher in the development of minority American scientists.
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