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"For pioneering work on the theoretical framework of correlated electron systems and describing their importance through elegant written and oral communications."Background:
Elbio Dagotto received his Licenciado degree in 1983 and his Ph.D. in 1985, both at the Instituto Balseiro (Argentina). He was postdoctoral fellow at the Univ. of Illinois and the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, before becoming professor of Physics at Florida State University and currently Distinguished Professor at the Univ. of Tennessee and Distinguished Scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. His best-known works are in the area of strongly correlated electronic systems, such as complex oxides, studied mainly using computational techniques. This includes the discovery of exotic properties in models and materials with ladder geometry, such as spin gaps and pairing upon hole doping in two-leg ladders. Also the development of the theory of electronic phase separation to understand the colossal magnetoresistance of the Mn-oxides known as manganites, and their rich phase diagrams induced by having states very close in energy yet with quite different properties. His several broadly cited review articles and books, have distilled vast literature into the key fundamental properties of various families of materials. Dagotto served as Member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the National Academy of Sciences, and as Divisional Editor of Physical Review Letters. He was listed among the 250 most Highly Cited Physicists. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.