APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive contains records of many APS Fellows from 1921 to the present. Please note some Fellows may not be displayed or may display with limited information.

The archive is a historical record and is not updated to reflect current information. All institutional affiliations reflect the Fellows’ affiliations at the time of election to APS Fellowship.

For a current listing of Fellows who are active members, or to find Fellows currently affiliated with your institution, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the archive or to inquire about locating a record, please contact APS Honors Staff at honors@aps.org.

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Steven A. Adelman [1990]
Purdue University
Citation: For providing the foundation for treating problems in condensed-phase chemical-reaction dynamics, especially chemical reactions occurring at the gas-solid interface and in liquids, by generalized Langevin techniques.
Nominated by: DCP

David Charles Ailion [1990]
University of Utah
Citation: For many contributions to the development in NMR techniques for application to condensed-matter physics.
Nominated by: DCMP

Lew Allen [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the nation through extensive service to the furthering of national goals in space exploration.
Nominated by: FPS

Stephen Arnold [1990]
Polytechnic University
Citation: For pioneering contributions in microparticle photophysics, from producing and holding micron-sized single particles to developing ingenious particle spectroscopies by exploiting their optically resonant properties.
Nominated by:

Chi Kwan Au [1990]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For contributions to atomic theory, especially to the theory of long-range forces and of logarithmic perturbation expansions.
Nominated by: DAMOP

David H. Auston [1990]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For the development of ultrafast optoelectronic and nonlinear optical techniques, and their application to the study of dynamical processes in semiconductor materials and devices.
Nominated by: DLS

Samuel David Bader [1990]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For wide-ranging and innovative contributions to the understanding of physical phenomena in magnetism superconductivity, surfaces, and interfaces.
Nominated by: DCMP

Gerhard R. Barsch [1990]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For experimental and theoretical studies on linear and nonlinear elastic properties, lattice dynamics, and phase transitions of a wide range of materials of interest to physics geophysics and electromechanical devices.
Nominated by: DMP

Gunther Bauer [1990]
Johannes Kepler University
Citation: For contributions to many aspects of the physics of compound semiconductors.
Nominated by: DCMP

Howard C. Berg [1990]
Harvard University
Citation: For the elucidation of complex biological phenomena, particularly chemotaxis and bacterial locomotion, through simple but penetrating physical theories and brilliant experiments.
Nominated by: DBIO

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya [1990]
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Citation: For experimental elucidation of the dynamics of complex systems, including broken-symmetry liquids and disordered solids.
Nominated by: DCMP

David Kalman Biegelsen [1990]
Palo Alto Research Center
Citation: For the broad range of experimental studies into the fundamental nature of amorphous semiconductors, novel thin-film crystal growth, and heteroepitaxy.
Nominated by: DMP

John J. Bollinger [1990]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For the development of ion-trap spectroscopy resulting in the highest accuracy yet achieved, and sensitive tests of fundamental physical properties including spatial isotropy and the linearity of quantum mechanics.
Nominated by: GPMFC

James B. Boyce [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For innovative applications of NMR and EXAFs to structural problems in condensed-matter physics.
Nominated by: DCMP

Bennet Bristol Brabson [1990]
Indiana University, Bloomington
Citation: For his measurements of cross sections for π p charge exchange; π p and pp elastic scattering; n, A2, and Y production; and e+ + e- interactions.
Nominated by: DPF

Gerritt ten Brinke [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental studies of the thermodynamics of interaction among copolymer molecules and its role in affecting miscibility of their blends.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Charles N. Brown [1990]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in a series of experiments studying dimuon production by high-energy hadrons.
Nominated by: DPF

Markus Buettiker [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For developing formulate of conductance and Hall effect using transmittive properties of samples with more than two connections.
Nominated by: DCMP

Joel Nathan Butler [1990]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in the study of charm quark states.
Nominated by: DPF

Thomas Anderson Callcott [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For seminal contributions to soft-x-ray spectroscopy studies of metals.
Nominated by: DCMP

David Kelly Campbell [1990]
Boston University
Citation: For significant contributions in theoretical physics to quantum field theory, condensed-matter physics, computational physics, and non-linear science, and for his leadership role in the development of institutional programs in nonlinear science both at Los Alamos and internationally.
Nominated by:

George K. Celler [1990]
SOITEC/USA
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of interactions between intense photon beams and the Si/SiO2/dopant system, and for imaginative applications of these interactions to modification of electronic materials.
Nominated by: DMP

Ming Sheng Chu [1990]
General Atomics
Citation: For elucidating the relationship between ideal and resistive MHD in toroidal configurations.
Nominated by: DPP

Jolie A. Cizewski [1990]
Rutgers University
Citation: For her contributions to the understanding of symmetries in nuclear structure and, in particular, to the experimental verifications of the predictions of the interacting-boson model.
Nominated by: DNP

Gregory John Clark [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the creative scientific use of ion, electron, and photon beams for both fundamental and applied studies in condensed matter, atomic, nuclear, and geophysics.
Nominated by: DPB

Elisha Cohen [1990]
TECHNION
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the optical properties of crystals and of excitons in semiconductors.
Nominated by: DCMP

Leon Cohen [1990]
CUNY - Hunter College
Citation: For his contributions to the interface between classical and quantum mechanics, especially involving phase-space distributions; the N-body gravitational problem in astrophysics; and signal analysis in the form of frequency representations.
Nominated by:

George J. Collins [1990]
Colorado State University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the excitation mechanisms in continuous-wave metal-ion lasers.
Nominated by: DLS

Michael Kevin Craddock [1990]
University of British Columbia
Citation: For contributions to the design of cyclotrons and synchrotrons capable of accelerating very-high-intensity beams for pion and kaon factories.
Nominated by: DPB

Buckley Crist [1990]
Northwestern University
Citation: For pioneering work on difficult problems dealing with relationships between molecular architecture, morphology, and mechanical or optical behavior of polymers.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Robert H Davis [1990]

Citation: Not available
Nominated by:

Andrew Elliot Depristo [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions in elucidating the quantum-state dependence of energy transfer in molecular collisions and developing the corrected effective-medium method for studying chemical bonding in metallic clusters.
Nominated by: DCP

Jozef Theofiel Devreese [1990]
University of Antwerp
Citation: For contributions to the theory of polarons subjected to external magnetic and electric fields, and for service to the international condensed-matter community.
Nominated by: DCMP

Leonard Matthew Diana [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For enhancing interest in physics, its accomplishments, and its beauty among scientists in industries, universities, and public schools and for contributions to the development of positron science.
Nominated by:

Thomas William Donnelly [1990]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For extensive theoretical studies of the electroweak structure of nuclei and for developing the framework needed to exploit polarization observables in electron scattering.
Nominated by: DNP

Charles Frederick Driscoll [1990]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For experimental and theoretical work on wave, transport and equilibrium properties of non-neutral plasma systems, both a basic plasma physics and in related technologies.
Nominated by: DPP

Pedro Miguel Echenique [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the theory of surface image states and of surface and bulk excitations.
Nominated by: DCMP

Martin B. Einhorn [1990]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For QCD phenomenology especially the role of gluons in heavy favor production and QCD in two dimensions; cosmological implications of grand unification; and examining characteristics of very massive Higgs bosons.
Nominated by: DPF

Paul A. Evenson [1990]
University of Delaware
Citation: For original experimental and theoretical contributions to the study of the production of energetic particles in solar flares and the propagation of energetic particles in the heliosphere.
Nominated by: DAP

Fereydoon Family [1990]
Emory University
Citation: For contributions in statistical physics including work on liquid helium, renormalization in polymer systems and DLA clusters, and the formation of a scaling theory for rough surfaces.
Nominated by: DCMP

Harold W. Fearing [1990]
TRIUMF
Citation: For his contribution to the theoretical understanding of a variety of few-body processes at medium energies.
Nominated by: GFB

Charlotte Froese Fischer [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For developing the numerical approach to the Hartree-Fock method for atoms; for providing benchmark oscillator strengths; for discovery of the calcium negative ion.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Henry Eugene Fisk [1990]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in the neutrino physics research, and his skilled management of large scientific projects including superconducting high-gradient quadrupoles and Fermilab's DO detector.
Nominated by: DPF

John Lawrence Freeouf [1990]
Oregon Health Sciences University
Citation: For application of surface-science techniques to the elucidation of semiconductor interfaces and for contributions to the physics of surface barriers.
Nominated by: DCMP

Vladimir Fuchs [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the theory of parametric instability in finite, inhomogeneous plasmas; the theory of kinetic mode conversion; and the analysis of perpendicular tail temperatures in lower hybrid current drive
Nominated by: DPP

Tony A. Gabriel [1990]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his development of analytic and numerical methods which have advanced the state-of-the-art in high-energy accelerator shielding and the design of calorimeters for physics experiments.
Nominated by: DPF

James Roland Gaines [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For use of magnetic-resonance techniques to investigate fundamental aspects of quantum solids vital to fusion applications and use of infrared spectroscopy to study properties of metal-insulator composites.
Nominated by: GIMS

Alper Abdy Garren [1990]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For making major contributions to accelerator design, including the development of the first comprehensive program for lattice design and its implementation at many of the leading laboratories of the world.
Nominated by: DPB

Francis M. Gasparini [1990]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For contributions to the field of quantum fluids, especially He-He mixtures, and the critical behavior and finite-size scaling at the super-fluid transition of He.
Nominated by: DCMP

Walter Glockle [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to formal scattering theory and for his prodigious efforts in numerically solving the equations of few-nucleon and few-atom bound and scattering states.
Nominated by: GFB

Valery A. Godyak [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the understanding and characterization of rf discharge phenomena, particularly the concepts of oscillating rf sheaths and stochastic electron heating in capacitive rf discharges.
Nominated by: DPP

Sol Michael Gruner [1990]
Cornell University
Citation: For major contributions to the understanding of structure and function of biomembranes. his research has provided insight on the physical basis of lyotropic mesomorphism.
Nominated by: DBIO

Robert L. Gunshor [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For creative and pioneering contributions to heteroepitaxy, LL-VI semiconductors accomplished though imaginative applications of molecular-beam epitaxy.
Nominated by: DMP

James Douglas Gunton [1990]
Lehigh University
Citation: For contributions to the field of the kinetics of first-order phase transitions, particular through numerical studies of microscopic and continuum models or phase separation.
Nominated by: DCMP

Devendra Gupta [1990]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For extensive contribution in the field of diffusion in diverse materials during a research career of over 30 years, and for the introduction of novel techniques for measurements of small diffusion coefficients which are currently being used worldwide.
Nominated by: DMP

Torgny Gustafsson [1990]
Rutgers University
Citation: For development of novel and exciting techniques in surface science.
Nominated by: DCMP

Miklos Gyulassy [1990]
Columbia University
Citation: For innovative work on the spacetime aspects of nuclear-collision dynamics, pion interferometry, quark-gluon plasma formation, and hadronization in relativistic and ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions.
Nominated by: DNP

Klaus Halbach [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering and definitive work on permanent magnet wigglers and undulators, which contributed profoundly to the development of modern synchrotron- radiation sources and free-electron lasers.
Nominated by: DPB

Chihiro Hamaguchi [1990]
Osaka University
Citation: For significant research contributions in semiconductor physics, particularly in the areas of magnetophonon resonance spectroscopy of hot electrons and resonant Brillouin scattering of acoustoelectrically amplified phonons.
Nominated by:

Serge Haroche [1990]
Lab de Phys ENS
Citation: For fundamental contributions to laser spectroscopy, quantum optics, and the physics of Rydberg atoms.
Nominated by: DLS

William Hayes [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For creative applications of spectroscopy and laser techniques to the understanding of defects in solids. phase transitions, and semi-conductor physics.
Nominated by: DLS

Morhehai Heiblum [1990]
Weizmann Institute of Science
Citation: For the demonstration and investigation of hot-electron ballistic transport in semiconductors and for contributions to epitaxial growth by molecular-beam epitaxy.
Nominated by: DCMP

Jorge Eduardo Hirsch [1990]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For contributions to the development of numerical simulations in interacting fermion systems, especially in two dimensions, and for his studies of strongly interacting electron systems.
Nominated by: DCMP

John T. Ho [1990]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For experimental studies that have enhanced our understanding of phase transitions and critical phenomena in magnetic systems, liquid crystals, and biomembranes.
Nominated by: DCMP

Hartmut Oskar Hotop [1990]
University of Kaiserslautern
Citation: For major contributions to the atomic and molecular physics through measurements and interpretation of ionization resulting from collision of excited atoms with atoms and molecules and seminal investigations of properties of negative ions.
Nominated by: DAMOP

John S. Huang [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of complex fluids, including micellar, micromulsion, and colloidal systems.
Nominated by: DCMP

David L. Huestis [1990]
SRI International
Citation: For his extensive, broad-ranging theoretical contributions and collaborations with experimentalists leading to fundamental understanding in areas of atomic and molecular excited states, molecular spectroscopy, excimer-laser kinetics, nonlinear optics, and scattering theory.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Gerald J. Iafrate [1990]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For the development of fundamental concepts and applications of the physics of submicron and ultrasubmicron devices.
Nominated by: DCMP

Wayne M. Itano [1990]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For the theoretical description of atomic-physics experiments of practical and fundamental interest, including laser cooling, nonclassical statistics, and quantum measurement theory.
Nominated by: DAMOP

David M. Jasnow [1990]
University of Pittsburgh
Citation: For contributions to our knowledge of critical phenomena and the statics and dynamics of interfaces and domain growth.
Nominated by: DCMP

Joseph Andrew Johnson [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For developing innovative experimental techniques used in the study of supersonic combustion and for the identification of the controlling dynamics in supersonic transport phenomena.
Nominated by: DFD

Chandrashekhar Janardan Joshi [1990]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For original contributions in the areas of plasma accelerators, laser-plasma interactions, and nonlinear optics of plasmas.
Nominated by: DPP

Paul Sebastian Julienne [1990]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For basic contributions to the understanding of collisional interactions between atoms, molecules, and radiation fields, and the development of a general nonadiabatic theory of collisional line broadening and radiative redistribution.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Eric Kay [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the study of nucleation and growth phenomena and their relation to electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of a variety of thin films.
Nominated by: DCMP

Joseph D. Kilkenny [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the study of energy transport, hydrodynamics, implosion physics, x-ray spectroscopy, and advanced diagnostics of laser-produced plasmas.
Nominated by: DPP

Stanley B. Kowalski [1990]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For substantially advancing the capabilities for high-resolution nuclear spectroscopy at intermediate energies and for precision studies of nuclear structure and dynamics with electron scattering.
Nominated by: DNP

Kenneth Saul Krane [1990]
Oregon State University
Citation: For his successful program in developing and applying angluar-correlation and nuclear-orientation techniques to studies of nuclear structure, and for his contribution to training of students through textbook writing.
Nominated by: DNP

Lucjan Krause [1990]
University of Windsor
Citation: For systematic experimental investigation of sensitized fluorescence, which has contributed significantly to the database and understanding of the transfer of electronic excitation energy in inelastic collisions between neutral particles.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Morris Krauss [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For substantial contributions in diverse fields such as mass spectroscopy, atmospheric physics, laser physics, and molecular biophysics.
Nominated by: DCP

Mark J. Kushner [1990]
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Citation: For scientific contribution to laser physics and spectroscopy, plasma chemistry, plasma and photochemical processing of materials, and pulse-power-switch technology.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Kenneth D. Lane [1990]
Boston University
Citation: For original contributions to the theory of electroweak symmetry breaking and Supercollider physics.
Nominated by: DPF

David C. Larbalestier [1990]
National High Magnetic Field Lab
Citation: In recognition of the discovery of the microstructures and the mechanisms responsible for strong flux pinning in Nb-Ti conductors and the development of optimized processing sequences.
Nominated by: DMP

Edison Parktak Liang [1990]
Rice University
Citation: For outstanding contribution to the theory of gamma-ray bursts and gamma rays from black holes, and the basic physics of accretion disks around compact objects and relativistic cosmology.
Nominated by: DAP

Stuart Martin Lindsay [1990]
Arizona State University
Citation: For pioneering studies in the application of scanning-tunneling microscopy to imaging biomolecules, especially images of the DNA double helix in water.
Nominated by: DBIO

Laurence S. Littenberg [1990]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to high-energy physics, especially to the study of rare K decays.
Nominated by: DPF

Eleftherios Mitiadis Logothetis [1990]
Ford Motor Company
Citation: For fundamental work in the study of the optical and conducting properties of materials and for its application to technology through the design and fabrication of new solid-state devices.
Nominated by: DMP

Stewart Christian Loken [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to our understanding of the muon nucleon and e+ + e- interactions, and for the development of new computing strategies required for the advancement of particle physics.
Nominated by: DPF

Stephen R. Lundeen [1990]
Colorado State University
Citation: For developing new experimental techniques which reveal, with unprecedented precision, the fine structure of high-angular-momentum Rydberg states of atoms and molecules.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Swadesh Mitter Mahajan [1990]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For simulating contributions to the kinetic theory of confined plasma stability and wave propagation, especially with regard to can Alphen wave physics.
Nominated by: DPP

Ernest I Malamud [1990]

Citation: Not available
Nominated by:

Philip Stephen Marcus [1990]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For studies of Taylor-Couette flows in cylinders and spheres, for contributions to computational fluid dynamics, and for studies of vortices in shear flows and their relation to Jupiter's red spot.
Nominated by: DFD

Michael D. Marx [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his work developing large-scale detectors for precision measurements of electroweak model parameters and for studies at very high-energy hadron colliders.
Nominated by: DPF

Gary Miles McClelland [1990]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For studies of highly excited isolated molecules, gas-surface dynamics, and friction at the atomic scale.
Nominated by: DCP

John William McConkey [1990]
University of Windsor
Citation: For pioneering and sustained high-quality research and development of novel experimental techniques in electron-atom (-molecule) collision physics.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Lillian C. McDermott [1990]
University of Washington
Citation: For her many significant contributions to the field research in physics education, especially in the area of conceptual difficulties and her role in the development of educational outreach programs at the University of Washington.
Nominated by:

Robert Bruce McKibben [1990]
University of New Hampshire
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to the observation and interpretation of energetic particles in the heliosphere and in planetary magnetospheres.
Nominated by: DAP

James Donald Meiss [1990]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For pioneering research on non-linear waves of plasmas and oceans, and on the chaotic dynamics of Hamiltonian systems.
Nominated by: DPP

Fred Wolfgang Meyer [1990]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of charge-changing collision processes by the development of novel experimental capabilities and the application of simplified physical models.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Roger Ervin Miller [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his development and application of the opto-thermal detection method in the elucidation of the structure and dynamics of loosely bound molecular complexes.
Nominated by: DCP

Nariman Burjor Mistry [1990]
Cornell University
Citation: For contributions to the discovery of two neutrinos, the study of high-energy photoproduction, and leadership in the development of storage-ring vacuum systems, CsI electromagnetic calorimeters, and B factories.
Nominated by: DPF

Marcos Moshinsky [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his many fundamental contributions to the description of many-body quantum systems through the use of group-theoretical techniques.
Nominated by: DNP

Michael Jon Mumma [1990]
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Citation: For developing the approach of Doppler-limited infrared spectroscopy of planetary and cometary atmospheres, and for its successful application to the characterization of the volatile fraction in comets and to nonthermal phenomena in planetary mesospheres.
Nominated by: DAP

Katsunobu Nishihara [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For major contributions to theory and simulation of nonlinear plasma phenomena and inertial confinement fusion.
Nominated by: DPP

Jaan Noolandi [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For theoretical work on self-consistent-field theories of polymer blends, and for the development of a new pulsed-field gel electrophoresis process based on modeling the dynamics of biological molecules.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Arto Veikko Nurmikko [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For optical, magneto-optical, and short-pulse, studies of II-VI semiconductors, diluted magnetic semiconductors, and related heterostructures.
Nominated by: DCMP

Piermaria Jorge Oddone [1990]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For significant research in elementary- particle physics and contributions to the development of apparatus as well as of the infrastructure required for future advances of the field.
Nominated by: DPF

David William Oxtoby [1990]
Pomona College
Citation: For contributions to the statistical mechanics of condensed media, particularly relaxation processes in liquids, nucleation, and the theory of freezing.
Nominated by: DCP

John Boyd Page [1990]
Arizona State University
Citation: For contributions to the theory of resonance light scattering and absorption, electron-vibrational coupling, and the vibrational properties of solid-state defects and complex molecular systems.
Nominated by: DCMP

Robert S. Panvini [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For exploratory studies of hadronic inclusive reactions, searches for exotic states by hybrid techniques, and studies of heavy quark decays in high-energy e+ + e- interactions
Nominated by: DPF

Fred Petrovich [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For leadership in the effort to understand the spectrocopy and dynamics of the scattering of elementary probes from nuclei and related aspects of nuclear structure at a microscopic level.
Nominated by: DNP

Luciano Pietronero [1990]
University of Roma
Citation: For contributions to the theory of fractals, including the dielectric-breakdown model and his extensions of the theory of diffusion-limited aggregation and applications of fractal methods to astronomy.
Nominated by: DCMP

David Wixon Pratt [1990]
University of Pittsburgh
Citation: For significant contributions to molecular spectroscopy, particularly the elucidation of intramolecular relaxation in intermediate molecules, and the development of laser-induced phosphorescence spectrosopy and ultrahigh-resolution spectroscopy in supersonic jets.
Nominated by: DCP

David Long Price [1990]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For leadership in and contributions to the development of neutron instrumentation and techniques and studies of the structure and dynamics of liquids and glasses.
Nominated by: DCMP

Martin Quack [1990]
ETH Zurich
Citation: For original contributions on intramolecular dynamics and the primary processes in chemical elementary reactions.
Nominated by: DCP

Wayne W. Repko [1990]
Michigan State University
Citation: For contributions to the theory of bound fermion-antifermion systems in QED and QCD, and to the development of the effective-W approximation in collider physics.
Nominated by: DPF

Leo L. Riedinger [1990]
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the study of vibrational excitations and high-spin phenomena in deformed nuclei, and for major insights into the interplay of single-particle and collective effects in nuclei.
Nominated by: DNP

Gene I. Rochlin [1990]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For a broad range of studies in technology and society, especially those on nuclear-fuel cycles and related issues of spent-fuel handling and nuclear proliferation, and those on the behavior of institutions in the face of technical issues.
Nominated by: FPS

Hal Jervis Rosen [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For novel optical studies of atmospheric particles and new applications of Raman spectroscopy.
Nominated by: DLS

Kenneth J. Rothschild [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For leadership in application of Raman- and infrared-spectroscopic techniques to biomembrane systems.
Nominated by: DBIO

Thomas P. Russell [1990]
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Citation: For the application of small-angle scattering and reflectivity techniques to the study of the morphology of interfaces, polymer blends, and block copolymers.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Douglas Howard Sampson [1990]
Pennsylvania State Univ
Citation: Not Available
Nominated by: DPP

Werner Sandhas [1990]
University of Bonn
Citation: For development of fundamental theoretical methods for the exact treatment of few-nucleon problems, including the development of methods for 3-, 4-, and n-particle scattering theory and methods for the inclusion of coulomb effects in the 3-particle problem.
Nominated by: GFB

Roberta P. Saxon [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For her seminal contributions to the application of state-of-the-art ab inittio calculations of electronic structure and dynamics of small molecules and their application to experimentally relevant atomic and molecular properties.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Richard J. Saykally [1990]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For the development of high-sensitivity spectroscopy techniques from the microwave to the visible.
Nominated by: DLS

Lee Stewart Schroeder [1990]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his seminal role in developing the field of relativistic heavy-ion physics from pioneering experiments at the Bevalic, ISR, and SPS to task forces in initiate RHIC.
Nominated by: DNP

Jonas Schultz [1990]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For his varied contributions to elementary particle physics as well as the education of numerous Ph.D students.
Nominated by: DPF

Varley Fullerton Sears [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the theory and practice of thermal-neutron scattering in condensed-matter research and in fields of neutron optics and fundamental neutron interactions.
Nominated by: DCMP

Wolf Seka [1990]
University of Rochester
Citation: For experimental work contributing to the understanding of intense laser-plasma interactions, and for contributions to the technology and science of short-wavelength laser fusion systems.
Nominated by: DPP

Lawrence Wayne Shacklette [1990]
Harris Corporation
Citation: For his pioneering work in conducting polymers, particularly for contributions to the discovery of phase transformations and ordering in conducting polymers, and for inventions leading to applications for conducting polymers in batteries.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Philippe L. Similon [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For elegant and insightful theoretical work in the study of plasma turbulence, particularly for plasmas of interest in magnetically confined fusion devices.
Nominated by: DPP

Gerald James Small [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For research which established that nonphotochemical hole burning is a versatile laser-based probe of disordered and tunneling in amorphous solids and the electronic structure and dynamics of photosynthetic units.
Nominated by: DLS

David Anthony Smith [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For important contributions to understanding the atomic structure of grain boundaries and interfaces in metals and semiconductors through the use of computational methods and field-ion and transmission-electron microscopy.
Nominated by: DMP

Robert John Soulen [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the development of Josephson-junction-based noise thermometry for thermodynamic temperature determination, and for the development of temperature fixed points based on superconductivity.
Nominated by: GIMS

Orest G. Symko [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work on nuclear cooling, careful investigation of spin glasses at very low temperatures, and a wide variety of applications of superconducting devices.
Nominated by: DCMP

Cha-Mei Tang [1990]
Creatv MicroTech Inc
Citation: For pioneering work in the development of computer models and codes for understanding the physics of free electron lasers, quasioptical gyrotrons, and laser plasma accelerators.
Nominated by: DPP

David W. Tank [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his seminal contributions to neutral network concepts, molecular mobility, and spacially resolved second-messenger dynamics of brain signaling, and single-channel recording in biomembrane channels.
Nominated by: DBIO

Thomas Nicholas Theis [1990]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For optical and electrical studies of novel electronic, transport, and defect properties of semiconductors and insulators.
Nominated by: DCMP

Michael L. W. Thewalt [1990]
Simon Fraser University
Citation: For the development and use of sensitive optical techniques to study excitons and impurity complexes in semiconductors.
Nominated by: DCMP

Rudolf Paul Thun [1990]
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Citation: For extensive and excellent work in developing experimental techniques and carrying out experiments in elementary-particle physics.
Nominated by: DPF

Frank K. Tittel [1990]
Rice University
Citation: For significant contributions to high-resolution laser spectroscopy, especially the development of new spectroscopic sources and techniques.
Nominated by: DLS

Melville P. Ulmer [1990]
Northwestern University
Citation: For x-ray observations leading to a better understanding of binary x-ray sources and clusters of galaxies; also for the development of x-ray mirrors to observe these objects at increased sensitivity.
Nominated by: DAP

Masahiro Wakatani [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For theoretical contributions to the understanding of plasma stability and confinement in stellarators and heliotron devices.
Nominated by: DPP

James Kay Graham Watson [1990]
National Research Council
Citation: For contributions to the theory of the molecular Hamiltonian leading to a better understanding of centrifugal distortion, rotationally induced dipole moments in nonpolar molecules, and the spectra of triatomic hydrogen.
Nominated by: DCP

Erich Weigold [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering experiments on several aspects of electron collisions with atoms and molecules which are outstandingly significant, particularly the development of electron-momentum spectroscopy as an unprecedented probe for structure.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Sheldon Weinbaum [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the development of primary models of macromolecular transport in the arterial wall and of heat transfer in living tissue, and for fundamental contributions to viscious-flow theory and the structure of super-sonic wakes.
Nominated by: DFD

John C. Wheeler [1990]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For his work on the thermodynamics and statistical mechanics of phase transitions and critical phenomena in molecularly complex solutions.
Nominated by: DCP

Carl Edwin Wieman [1990]
University of British Columbia
Citation: For contributions to high-resolution laser spectroscopy and its application to studies of electroweak parity-violating phenomena in atoms, and to the development and application of light-force atomic traps.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Roy F. Willis [1990]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For contributions to surface physics, particularly the observation of surface-electronic states, surface magnetic order, and surface vibrations employing innovative developments in electron-spectroscopic methods.
Nominated by: DMP

Barbara A Wilson [1990]

Citation: Not available
Nominated by:

Dan Winske [1990]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For studies of electromagnetic instabilities in the foreshocks of planets and comets, and work on the structure of, and transport processes at collisionless shock waves in space.
Nominated by: DPP

Robert Claude Woods [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the development of rotational spectroscopy of molecular ions, leading to precise determinations of molecular structures, identification of molecular ions in the interstellar medium, and diagnostics of laboratory discharge plasmas.
Nominated by: DCP

Wen-Li Wu [1990]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his contributions in both the theory and the application of scattering techniques to study the structure of solid polymers.
Nominated by: DPOLY

Eli Yablonovitch [1990]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For a broad scope of fundamental contributions in areas as diverse as nonlinear optics, laser plasma physics, laser chemistry, solar cells, and semiconductor surface science, and for introducing the concept of photonic band structure.
Nominated by:

Donald E. Young [1990]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the science of linear accelerators, including the development of computer programs for rf fields and beam dynamics in accelerating structures, thereby advancing their design and construction.
Nominated by: DPB

Stephen Michael Younger [1990]
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: For the development and application of improved techniques for the theoretical study of radiative transitions and electron-impact ionization of highly charged ions.
Nominated by: DAMOP

Michael E. Zeller [1990]
Yale University
Citation: For contributions to experimental high-energy physics, especially in the development and execution of highly sensitive experiments to study and to search for important rare decay modes of the charged K+ meson.
Nominated by: DPF

Peter D. Zimmerman [1990]
Kings College
Citation: For analysis and participation on nuclear arms issues in the START talks and in the public sector.
Nominated by: FPS

Ernst K. Zinner [1990]
Washington University in St. Louis
Citation: For original measurements of isotopic ratios in selected, small samples of extraterrestrial materials, culminating in the discovery of primordial interstellar grains of the siC and graphite.
Nominated by: DAP