APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Ahrenkiel, Richard K. [2000]
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering and innovative work in the techniques and analysis of recombination/minority-carrier lifetime and transport in semiconductors and for outstanding contributions to numerous areas of condensed matter physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Anastasiadis, Spiros H [2000]
F.O.R.T.H. Inst. For Elec. Struct & Lase
Citation: For important contributions to the dynamics of block copolymers in the melt and in solution and on the structure an dynamics of polymer interfaces and thin films.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Anderson, Dana Zachery [2000]
University of Colorado
Citation: For his theoretical and experimental contributions to nonlinear optics and atom optics and for creating a number of remarkable optical devices for information processing and pattern recognition.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Aprile, Elena [2000]
Columbia University
Citation: For her pioneering contributions to gamma-ray instrumentation for astrophysics, particularly her successful development of a liquid xenon time projection chamber as an innovative Compton Telescope.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Aronson, Meigan Charlotte [2000]
University of Michigan
Citation: For investigation of collective phenomena in strongly correlated electron systems using neutron scattering and high pressure techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Aronson, Samuel Harry [2000]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to nuclear and particle physics, including the physics of neutral Kaons, and the leadership, design and construction of the major experiments, D0 at Fermilab and PHENIX at RHIC.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Astumian, Raymond Dean [2000]
University of Chicago
Citation: For fundamental contributions to understanding the thermodynamics and mechanism of transduction of energy from a non-equilibrium chemical reaction to drive directed transport by molecular motors and pumps.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Aubrecht, Gordon J., II [2000]
The Ohio State University
Citation: For his many contributions to physics education over the years, including his work with high school teachers in PTRA, his work with the Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEC), and his book on Energy.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Auchincloss, Priscilla S. [2000]
University of Rochester
Citation: In recognition of her exemplary record of service to the APS and for her ongoing effective work to improve the climate for women physicists and to ensure gender equity.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Baldridge, Kim K. [2000]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For her development and application of methods for quantum calculations of molecular structure and reactivity, including her studies of aromaticity which continue the tradition of Maria Goeppert-Mayer.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Balsara, Nitash P. [2000]
Polytechnic University
Citation: For elegant experiments and definitive analysis clarifying the creation and development of structure in multicomponent polymer liquids.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Bateman, Glenn [2000]
Lehigh University
Citation: For his theoretical and computational research on MHD instabilities and predictive transport modeling of tokamak plasmas, emphasizing detailed comparisons between theory-based simulations and experimental data.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Beason, James Douglas [2000]
Air Force Research Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership advancing, advocating and formulating national science policy, in particular, for his impact throughout the government in basic research, and for his fundamental contributions solving the relativistic Compton scattering kernel, and inventing innovative techniques for simulating lasers and plasmas.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Berg, Mark Alan [2000]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For the use of ultrafast nonlinear spectroscopy in exploring the molecular dynamics of liquids and other disordered materials.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Blatt, Rainer [2000]
University of Innsbruck
Citation: For outstanding work in quantum optics and precision spectroscopy with laser cooled trapped ions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bodwin, Geoffrey Thomas [2000]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For definitive contributions to the systematic understanding of heavy quarkonia in terms of QCD, to the proof of factorization in QCD, and to the understanding of chirality in lattice gauge theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Boghosian, Bruce Michael [2000]
Boston University
Citation: For contributions to mathematical and computational fluid dynamics, lattice models of fluids and soft condensed matter, and leadership and service in the field of computational physics.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Braaten, Eric Alan [2000]
The Ohio State University
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of finite temperature and heavy quark quantum chromodynamics, and in particular, for the development of hard thermal loop resummation techniques and NRQCD.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Brau, James Edward [2000]
University of Oregon
Citation: For contributions to the development of particle detectors, particularly calorimeters and vertex detectors, and for studies of the properties of the Z boson with the SLD detector.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Brown, Stanley G. [2000]
American Physical Society
Citation: For his role as Editor in the success of Physical Review D and Physical Review Letters, and for his contributions as Administrative Editor and Editorial Director to policy and management of the APS journal operation.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Bulaevskii, Lev Naumovich [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For numerous significant contributions to condensed matter theory, in particular in the area of layered superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Caldwell, Allen C. [2000]
Columbia University
Citation: In recognition of his contributions to elementary particles, including the discovery of unanticipated properties of the proton from measurements made under his leadership in the ZEUS collaboration.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Cauble, Robert Craig [2000]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the understanding of the equation of state of dense, strongly coupled plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Cavagnero, Michael John [2000]
University of Kentucky
Citation: For creative analyses of atomic collisions, fragmentation and electron correlation, which incorporate keen insight into innovative mathematical formulations; and for energizing many successful collaborations with experimental and theoretical colleagues.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cecil, Francis Edward [2000]
Colorado School of Mines
Citation: For measurements of nuclear reactions among light ions at low energies and for the application of some of these reactions to the diagnostics of high temperature fusion plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Cederberg, James [2000]
St. Olaf College
Citation: For his strong commitment to teaching, for his advocacy and national promotion of undergraduate research, and for his highly productive program of faculty/student research in molecular beam spectroscopy at St. Olaf.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Chang, Albert M. [2000]
Purdue University
Citation: For experimental studies of quantum Hall edge states and Luttinger liquids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Chang, Yia-Chung [2000]
University of Illinois
Citation: For calculations elucidating the transport, electronic, and optical, and vibrational properties of semiconductors, in the bulk and at surfaces, in heterostructures and in nanostructures.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Cheong, Sang-Wook [2000]
Rutgers University
Citation: For the synthesis and characterization of new oxide materials with unusual charge or spin order.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Chhabildas, Lalit Chandra [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the development and use of advanced diagnostic tools for studying shock compressed materials and for sustained service in advancing the objectives of the American Physical Society.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Cho, Yanglai [2000]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For continuing excellent contributions to high energy physics experiments and technology, and to the design and commissioning of large accelerator facilities.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Choi, Kwong Kit [2000]
US Army Research Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the foundation and development of quantum well infrared technology, the discovery of new quantum noise properties, and the pioneering application of excitation hot-electron spectroscopies in quantum well studies.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Coey, Michael [2000]
Trinity College
Citation: For contributions to magnetism including discovery of rare-earth iron nitrogen permanent magnets, classification of magnetic order in amorphous solids and innovative applications of permanent magnets.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Coleman, James J. [2000]
University of Illinois
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the functionality, performance and reliability of semiconductor lasers through innovative epitaxial growth techniques and device designs.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Coleman, Piers [2000]
Rutgers University
Citation: For innovative approaches to the theory of strongly correlated electron systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Continetti, Robert E. [2000]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the study of photodetachment and photodissociation processes in neutral and ionic molecules and clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Coriell, Sam R. [2000]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of the interaction between hydrodynamics and morphological instabilities during solidification.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Craxton, R. Stephen [2000]
Laboratory for Laser Energetics
Citation: For numerous original contributions to laser-driven inertial confinement fusion including two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations, uniformity modeling in tetrahedral hohlraums, and the ubiquitously used third harmonic conversion of ICF glass laser systems.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Dalal, Nar S. [2000]
Florida State University
Citation: For his development of electron and nuclear multiple resonance methods with much enhanced time scales and spectral resolution, and especially for their application to measure molecular dynamics and to elucidate mechanisms of ferroelectric phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Daw, Murray S. [2000]
Motorola, Inc
Citation: For his original contributions to the atomic scale modeling of the properties of solids, surface, interfaces and defects.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

de Ruyter van Steven, Robert Raimond [2000]
NEC Research Institute
Citation: For contributions to understanding the physical principles of neural computation and coding through his elegant quantitative measurement and analysis of signals, noise, and information flow in the fly visual system.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Deans, Stanley Roderick [2000]
University of South Florida
Citation: For helping reveal the beauty and power of the Radon transform.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

DeVore, Carl Richard [2000]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For his development of a new class of numerical algorithms for magnetohydrodynamic simulations, their wide dissemination in software, and their applications to physics.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Doyle, Barney L. [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For the invention of numerous Micro-Ion Bean Analysis techniques and their innovative application to solid state physics, fusion energy, materials science and radiation effects of semiconductors.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Draayer, Jerry Paul [2000]
Louisiana State University
Citation: For enhancing our understanding of collective phenomena in atomic nuclei through algebraic shell-model analyses, statistical spectroscopy studies of strength distributions, explorations involving pseudo-spin symmetry, and the application of nonlinear methods.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Drummond, Peter David [2000]
University of Queenland
Citation: For pioneering theoretical studies of quantum noise in nonlinear optical processes, including superfluorescence, optical bistability, parametric amplification and oscillation, fiber-optical solitons, proposed tests of quantum correlations, and the positive-P representation.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Duggan, Jerome Lewis [2000]
University of North Texas
Citation: For outstanding contributions in the application of low energy nuclear technology for analysis in the semiconductor, metals, and geophysics industries, and for initiating an international conference as a forum for the interaction of industrial and academic physicists.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Edwards, Mark Andrew [2000]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For application of first-principles theory to the understanding of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute atomic gases.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Efimov, Vitaly [2000]
University of Washington
Citation: For the investigation of the Quantum three-body problem, and especially for his discovery of weakly bound states (called Efimov states) of three quantum particles.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Egami, Takeshi [2000]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For pioneering work on local disorder in solids and its effect on properties, in particular the observation of charge inhomogeneity in magnetostrictive manganities and superconducting cuprates using neutron scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

El-Sayed, Mostafa A. [2000]
Georgia Institute of Technology
Citation: In recognition of extra-ordinary contribution to the many spectroscopies of complex molecular systems.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Eremenko, Victor Valentine [2000]
Institute For Low Temperature Physics
Citation: For pioneering works in magneto-optics of antiferromagnets, discovery of the "mixed" and "intermediate" states of antiferromagnets near magnetic phase transitions, photoinduced persistent phenomena in magnetic insulators & high-Tc superconductors; and his international activities as the editor of "Low Temperature" journal of AIP, an affiliated scholar of ISU, and co-director of IITAP program.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Feldman, Uri [2000]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For original contributions to the study of the atomic structure of highly excited elements, both the development of advanced tools to conduct observations and the analysis and interpretation of the resulting data; and for the application of the physics of highly excited elements to the study of energetic processes in the sun's atmosphere.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Foiles, Stephen M. [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For significant advances in the computational simulation of materials including pioneering work on the embedded atom method and demonstrating the power of simulations to determine important properties.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Gad-el-Hak, Mohamed [2000]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his original contributions to reactive controls of turbulent flows, pioneering work in developing laser-induced fluorescence techniques, and definitive experiments detailing fluid-compliant surface interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Ginsparg, Paul [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his work relating to chiral symmetry on the lattice, for fundamental contributions to string theory, and for establishment and development of the revolutionary "Los Alamos E-Print Archive.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Gluskin, Efim [2000]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the development, construction and characterization of insertion devices for 3rd generation synchrotron radiation sources and free-electron lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Gordon, Joseph Grover, II [2000]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the study of electrified interfaces through the development and application of techniques for in-situ vibrational spectroscopy and structural characterization.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Gordon, Mark S. [2000]
Iowa State University
Citation: For the development of methods that extend the size of chemical systems that can be treated using ab initio electronic structure theory and methods that interface quantum chemistry with dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Greenwald, Martin J. [2000]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For his insightful experimental contributions and scientific leadership in plasma transport research, and his formulation of the empirical tokamak density limit as a consequence of underlying transport processes.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Gösele, Ulrich Michael [2000]
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure P
Citation: For important contributions to our understanding of phase formation in thin films, diffusion processes in semiconductors, quantum effects in porous silicon formation, semiconductor wafer bonding and materials integration.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Haase, David Glen [2000]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For his vision in creating Science House and in defining a model for how research universities and public schools can interact to provide quality science education for all children.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Hammer, James Henry [2000]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his development of novel approaches to fusion and high-energy-density plasma applications, and for his extensive insights into the magnetohydrodynamic behavior of compact toroidal and z-pinch plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Hartline, Beverly Karplus [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For creative leadership and drive to advance physics and other science education at all levels from kindergarten to graduate school, including outreach to teachers and the general public.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Hertzog, David William [2000]
University of Illinois
Citation: For the development of novel and creative instrumentation and for its use in pbar p-induced searches for exotic mesons and in high-precision measurements of the muon anomalous magnetic moment.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Hough, James [2000]
University of Glasgow
Citation: For his pivotal role in devising and developing the necessary implementing technologies for gravitational wave detection.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Hsieh, Ke-Chiang [2000]
University of Arizona
Citation: For pioneering the measurement of energetic neutral particles in space plasma, thereby opening the door to a new frontier of space research.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Hsiung, Yee Bob [2000]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his key role in the Fermilab neutral kaon decay program, particularly his leadership that resulted in the recent evidence for direct CP-violation.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hynes, James (Casey) T. [2000]
University of Colorado
Citation: For his original contributions to the theory of reactions in solutions and on ice surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Iijima, Sumio [2000]
NEC Corporation (Japan)
Citation: For the discovery of carbon nanotube and promotion of its research and development.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Isaacs, Eric D. [2000]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering work in the application of synchrotron-based magnetic X-ray scattering to condensed matter physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Isenberg, James Allen [2000]
University of Oregon
Citation: For his pioneering work on global issues in general relativity and for his contributions to the field.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Jackson, Howard E. [2000]
University of Cincinnati
Citation: For innovative light scattering studies combining high spectral and spatial resolution.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

James, Ralph Boyd [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For outstanding contributions and leadership in materials science leading to the development of wide bandgap compound semiconductor devices for detecting and imaging X- and gamma-ray radiation.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Jensen, Roderick V. [2000]
Wesleyan University
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the understanding of strongly perturbed quantum systems that are classically chaotic, like Rydberg atoms in strong fields, and for the extension of the methods of nonlinear dynamics across many disciplines, from atomic physics and mesoscopic solid-state physics to biophysics and neuroscience.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Ji, Xiangdon [2000]
University of Maryland
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the understanding of the structure of the nucleon and the process of deeply virtual Compton scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Jolivette, Peter Lauson [2000]
Hope College
Citation: In recognition of leadership and development of undergraduate research in nuclear physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Jones, Robert Rivers, Jr. [2000]
University of Virginia
Citation: For the development of experimental probes of Rydberg atoms and for providing new insighes about their behavior.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kay, Bruce David [2000]
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Citation: For his innovative use of molecular beams and laser spectroscopy to elucidate chemical kinetics and dynamics of sorption, diffusion, phase transformation, and solvation at environmentally-relevant aqueous and oxide interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Keto, John W. [2000]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For studies of the energy transport phenomena in dense gases and clusters excited by resonant photon pulses.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Khakoo, Murtadha A. [2000]
California State University - Fullerton
Citation: For contributions to experimental electron scattering from fundamental targets and for involvement of undergraduate and high school students in front-line research.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kinoshita, Kay [2000]
University of Cincinnati
Citation: For innovative contributions to the study of b-quarks and for leadership in accelerator searches for magnetic monopoles.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Kotliar, B. Gabriel [2000]
Rutgers University
Citation: For development of the dynamical mean field method and its application to strongly correlated electron systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kox, Anne Jacob [2000]
University of Amsterdam
Citation: For his original contributions to the history of physics, especially in the Netherlands, and for his extraordinary contributions to the edition of Albert Einstein's papers.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Krebs, Martha [2000]
Institute for Defense Analysis
Citation: For her contributions to the vitality and quality of the science research and development programs supported by the Department of Energy for the benefit of the nation.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Kumar, Prem [2000]
Northwestern University
Citation: For pioneering experimental contributions to the generation, detection, and application of the twin-beam quantum state produced by means of pulsed parametric amplification.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kurokawa, Shin-ichi [2000]
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Citation: For major contributions to accelerator development, including synchrotrons and colliders; for his leadership of the Japanese B-Factory; for fostering accelerator education; and for promotion of international collaboration in accelerator science.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Lankford, Andrew J. [2000]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For the development of electronics, triggering and data acquisition systems used at major collider facilities, as the SDC at the SSC, ATLAS at CERN, and BABAR at SLAC.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Lasheras, Juan C. [2000]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For landmark contributions to the fundamental understanding of combustion, free shear flows, particle/fluid interaction, and turbulence induced atomization of imiscible fluids.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Lattimer, James Michael [2000]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For construction of models of neutron stars, in quantitative detail, for prediction of how they are formed in the collapse of large stars and for quantitative theory of the mergers of black holes and neutron stars.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Leitch, Michael J. [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to experimental medium-energy and high-energy nuclear physics, in particular for his lead role in measurements of pion double-charge exchange at low energies, and his leadership in the measurement of nuclear dependencies of J/psi production and of open charm production.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Lesko, Kevin Thomas [2000]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding experimental contributions to the study of neutrino properties - searches for neutrino oscillations - and their application to the solar neutrino problem.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Lockyer, Nigel Stuart [2000]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the understanding of B mesons, including measurements of lifetimes and decay modes and studies of CP violation in the B system.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Lohse, David John [2000]
Exxon Research & Engineering Company
Citation: For important contributions to the fundamental science underlying phase behavior and compatibility in polymeric mixture.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Loss, Daniel [2000]
University of Basel
Citation: For theoretical studies of quantum effects in mesoscopic magnets.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lubin, Philip I. [2000]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For pioneering studies of the cosmic background radiation in various experiments both from the ground and in space that have given us new understanding of the earliest moments of the universe and the origin of its large scale structure that we see today.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Lundstrom, Mark Steven [2000]
Purdue University
Citation: For insights into the physics of carrier transport in small semiconductor devices and the development of simple, conceptual models for nanoscale transistors.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Luthey-Schulten, Zaida Ann [2000]
University of Illinois
Citation: For her contributions to the field of protein folding including elucidating its basic mechanism and developing optimized energy functions for protein structure prediction.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Machleidt, Ruprecht [2000]
University of Idaho
Citation: For making significant contributions to the meson-exchange description of the nuclear force through development of the Bonn potential and the theory of nuclear matter using relativistic versions of Brueckner theory.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Mahdavi, Mohamad Ali [2000]
General Atomics
Citation: For original and longstanding contributions to the development and understanding of poloidal divertor for particle and impurity control, heat flux dissipation, and confinement enhancement in toroidal plasma confinement devices.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Marchetti, M. Cristina [2000]
Syracuse University
Citation: For contributions to the theory of the dynamics of vortex matter and charge-density waves.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Meger, Robert Alfred [2000]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the physics and technology of plasmas, pulsed power, and electron beams, their interaction and their applications.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Mezei, Ferenc [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in developing new techniques for neutron scattering studies of condensed matter, including the invention of the neutron spin echo method.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mintmire, John Wallace [2000]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For development and application of theoretical and computational techniques for the study of the electronic and structural properties of materials with reduced dimensionality including carbon nanotubes, surfaces, and polymeric materials.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Moodera, Jagadeesh Subbaiah [2000]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For pioneering and sustained contributions to the understanding of spin-polarized transport in solids, and for inspiring mentorship of students at all levels.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Mountain, Raymond D. [2000]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For his outstanding theoretical contributions towards an improved understanding of structural and dynamic properties of simple and complex liquids.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Murname, Margaret Mary [2000]
University of Colorado
Citation: For her major contributions to the optical physics and technology of the generation of ultrashort pulses of optical and x-ray radiation
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Nagler, Stephen Eric [2000]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For neutron scattering studies of excitations in low dimensional quantum magnets.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ng, Tai-Kai [2000]
Hong Kong University of Science & Technology
Citation: For his work on the Coulomb effects in a quantum dot, leading to the prediction of conductance enhancement due to the Kondo resonance.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Nilsen, Joseph [2000]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to the understanding and development of x-ray lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Nordstrom, Dennis L [2000]
American Physical Society
Citation: For his professionalism, diplomacy, high standards, and dedicated service as Editor of Physical Review D.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Novotny, Mark Alan [2000]
Florida State University
Citation: For original algorithm development and applications of computational statistical mechanics to equilibrium and nonequilibrium problems in condensed-matter physics and materials science.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Nusinovich, Gregory Semeon [2000]
University of Maryland
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of gyrotron oscillators and amplifiers and cyclotron autoresonance masers.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

O'Shea, Patrick G. [2000]
University of Maryland
Citation: For pioneering experiments in the development of the physics, technology, and applications of high-brightness ion and electron beams, and free-electron lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Orel, Ann E. [2000]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For pioneering the understanding and development of theoretical methods for studying excitation, ionization and dissociation of polyatomic molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ovrut, Burt [2000]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For his contributions to all aspects of mathematical and theoretical physics including supersymmetry, supergravity, and superstrings, and for his professorial expertise in educating his colleagues in these areas.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Palacios, Javier Tejada [2000]
University of Barcelona
Citation: For his contributions to all aspects of mathematical and theoretical physics including supersymmetry, supergravity, and superstrings, and for his professorial expertise in educating his colleagues in this area.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Perlmutter, Saul [2000]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering contributions to cosmology, including development of new search techniques that led to discovery of numerous distant supernovae and strong evidence for the accelerated expansion of the universe.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Pichler, Goran [2000]
University of Zagreb
Citation: For pioneering studies of atomic line broadening and intermetallic molecules while fostering international ties through an extensive collaborative network.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Pisarski, Robert D. [2000]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the study of QCD at high temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Piston, David William [2000]
Vanderbilt University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the development, application, and dissemination of quantitative spectroscopic methods to the imaging of proteins and small molecules, their environment, and their interactions within single living cells.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Prieto, Pedro Antonio [2000]
Universidad del Valle
Citation: For forefront research in the Josephson effect in high temperature superconductors and outstanding contributions to the development of physics in Latin America.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Protopopescu, Serban [2000]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For his individual contributions and leadership in the discovery of the top quark at the D0 Experiment and for software simulation and algorithm development.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Rainer, Dierk [2000]
University of Beyreuth
Citation: For contributions to the theory of strong-coupling effects in superconductors and in superfluid 3He.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ramsey-Musolf, Michael Jeffrey [2000]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For his theoretical work on semileptonic weak interactions, including weak radiative corrections, strangeness contributions, and parity violation, that have helped interpret experiments ranging from atomic scales, through CEBAF energies, to the Z pole.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Raubenheimer, Tor O. [2000]
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Citation: For significant contributions to understanding the physics of electron storage rings and linear accelerators and leadership in the design and development of electron-positron linear colliders.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Reichl, Linda Elizabeth [2000]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For her original contributions to the field of quantum chaos.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Reynolds, Stephen P. [2000]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For contributions to high-energy astrophysics, including modeling relativistic jets in quasars, pulsar-driven supernova remnants, and electron acceleration to synchrotron X-ray emitting energies in young shell supernova remnants, and supporting observations.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Riley, Mark Anthony [2000]
Florida State University
Citation: For his many pioneering contributions to the exploration of atomic nuclei at high angular momentum values.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ritter, Hans Georg [2000]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his leading role in the discovery of the collective flow of nuclear matter.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Rosenberg, Marlene [2000]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the theory of dusty plasmas, especially related to strong coupling effects and the role of instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Rossing, Thomas D. [2000]
Northern Illinois University
Citation: For four decades of energetic contributions to education in physics throughout the world by developing and promoting the rational approach to sound and light.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Roy, Rajarshi [2000]
University of Maryland
Citation: For pioneering studies of nonlinear dynamics and noise in optical devices.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Rozmus, Wojciech [2000]
University of Alberta
Citation: For his outstanding research in the theory and modeling of laser-plasma ICF relevant interactions, in particular in non-local transport, strongly-coupled plasmas, and nonlinear interactions between laser-plasma instabilities.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Rubinstein, Michael [2000]
University of North Carolina
Citation: For outstanding contributions to polymer theory, especially in understanding entangled polymer dynamics, charged macromolecules, and permanent and reversible polymer networks.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Sakaki, Hiroyuki [2000]
University of Tokyo
Citation: For invention, fabrication, and analysis of important low-dimensional semiconductor materials and devices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Salin, Dominique [2000]
Laboratoire FAST
Citation: For significant contributions in the development of experimental methods and lattice gas simulations that led to improved understanding of flows in Hele-Shaw cells and porous media and of suspensions.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Sanford, James R. [2000]
Retired
Citation: For outstanding service and leadership to the physics community in the design, construction and implementation of major US high energy physics facilities, especially the RHIC.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Sanford, Thomas W. L. [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For fundamental advances in understanding of wire array z-pinches, which led to improved load symmetry and greatly increased radiative power, and opened up the possibility of using wire arrays as drivers for inertial confinement fusion.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Sankey, Otto F. [2000]
Arizona State University
Citation: For developing real-space first-principles electronic structure methods with broad applications to materials problems.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Sarantites, Demetrios G. [2000]
Washington University
Citation: For his development of many innovative and powerful detector systems for nuclear physics that have led to major discoveries in nuclear structure and reaction physics.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Satija, Sushil K. [2000]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For significant contributions to the advancement of the understanding of the physics of polymers at surfaces and interfaces through the development and innovative application of neutron reflectometry.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Satpathy, Sashi Sekhar [2000]
University of Missouri
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of complex materials using first-principles electron structure calculations.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Savas, Omer [2000]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of fluid flows through innovative experimentation in boundary layers, rotating flows, combustion, and vortex dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Schilling, James Stanford [2000]
Washington University
Citation: For contributions to condensed matter physics through the use of high pressure studies of magnetism and superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schultz, David R. [2000]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For development of novel lattice methods for solving the time-dependent Schr"dinger equation, providing fundamental new insights in atomic collisions, and disseminating AMO data to other research communities.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Scranton, Robert A. [2000]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For leadership in the development and commercialization of the magnetoresistive effect and the giant magnetoresistive effect in hard disk drives, enabling unprecedented advances in the density of magnetic data storage.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Seaman, Lynn [2000]
SRI International
Citation: In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the understanding of the microstructural processes that underlie failure in solids and the general relations between microstructure and failure and shock wave physics.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Segev, Mordechai [2000]
Princeton University
Citation: For his contributions to the physics of spatial solitons and the discovery of the photorefractive soliton.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Shaqfeh, Eric Stefan G. [2000]
Stanford University
Citation: For applying statistical theories and numerical simulations to determine the averaged equations for fiber suspensions and polymeric fluids and elucidating the physical mechanism leading to hydrodynamic instabilities of complex fluids.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Shigemitsu, Junko [2000]
The Ohio State University
Citation: For her contributions to determining properties of the Standard Model using the methods of Lattice Gauge Theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Sirignano, William A. [2000]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For his pioneering efforts in combining modeling and simulation of complex multiphase flows, and for the understanding these models have provided for pool fires and capillary instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Skwarnicki, Tomasz [2000]
Syracuse University
Citation: For original work in the areas of rare b decays and Upsilon spectroscopy and outstanding achievements in detector reconstruction software and detector construction.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Smith, Darryl Lyle [2000]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his contribution to materials physics including to the understanding of the electronic and optical properties of semiconductor heterostructures and organic electronic materials and of devices fabricated from these materials.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Spano, Mark L. [2000]
Naval Surface Warfare Center
Citation: For achievements in experimental nonlinear dynamics, especially as applied to biological systems such as the heart and the brain.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Spry, Robert James [2000]
Air Force Research Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to semiconductor defect spectroscopy, analysis of nonlinear optical devices, and polymer conductivity and optical properties.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Synakowski, Edmund J. [2000]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For innovative experimental studies of local particle and heat transport in tokamaks, which discriminate between alternative theories and approaches to suppression of turbulent transport.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Szalewicz, Krzysztof [2000]
University of Delaware
Citation: For definitive contributions to the theory and calculation of intermolecular forces, electron correlation, exotic molecular phenomena, and neutrino mass experiments, using explicitly correlated basis functions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Takabe, Hideaki [2000]
Osaka University
Citation: For his theoretical and numerical investigations leading to the universally used ablation-front Rayleigh-Taylor despersion curve, and his visionary role in shepherding the emerging field of laser-astrophysics.
Nominated by: Topical Group in Plasma Astrophysics

Takami, Michio [2000]
University of Electrocommunications
Citation: For the first demonstration of optically detected MW-IR double resonance and his beautiful and innovative uses of lasers in the spectroscopy of atoms, molecules, and van der Waals molecules in free jets and in bulk liquid helium.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Tamargo, Maria C. [2000]
City College of New York
Citation: For significant original contributions to the development and understanding of the growth and properties of novel semiconductor materials and heterostructures, in particular, in the field of wide bandgap II-VI compounds.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Tamor, Michael Alan [2000]
Ford Motor Company
Citation: For the application of physics in the automotive industry, in particular development of diamond-like hard coatings and hybrid electric vehicle energy management simulation tools.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Teitel, Stephen Lewis [2000]
University of Rochester
Citation: For contributions towards the understanding and numerical modeling of critical phenomena in Josephson junction arrays and high-temperature superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Tejada, Javier [2000]
Universidad de Barcelona
Citation: For original experimental contributions to the studies of macroscopic quantum tunneling in magnetic systems.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Thomas, John H. [2000]
University of Rochester
Citation: For major contributions to solar magnetohydrodynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Ting, Chin-Sen [2000]
University of Houston
Citation: For contributions to transport theory in solid state systems including hot electrons in semiconductors, mixed states of superconductors, and tunneling junctions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Tom, Harry W.K. [2000]
University of California, Riverside
Citation: For pioneering contributions to our understanding of the ultrafast dynamics of surface chemical and physical reactions, particularly femtosecond laser-induced nonequilibrium phase transitions and chemical reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Tong, David S.Y. [2000]
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Citation: For development of multiple scattering theories for surface diffraction and spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Totsuka, Yoji [2000]
University of Tokyo
Citation: For his leadership in the Super-Kamiokande experiment and his many contributions to particle physics including decisive measurements on solar neutrinos and the recent strong evidence for neutrino oscillations.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Tryggvason, Gretar [2000]
University of Michigan
Citation: For pioneering the use of direct numerical simulations for the study of finite Reynolds number multiphase flows, including the development of computational methods and studies of bubbly flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Tsai, Jaw-Shen [2000]
NEC Fundamental Research Lab.
Citation: For his demonstration of quantum coherence of charge states in a superconducting mesoscopic system.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Turbiner, Alexander V. [2000]
Nuclear Science Institute(ICE)
Citation: For the discovery and analysis of quasi-exact solvable Schr"dinger equations.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Turner, Raymond Clyde [2000]
Clemson University
Citation: For his leadership and national contributions in the popularization of physics through lecture-demonstrations and teacher workshops on the physics of toys, and his demonstrated excellence in physics education.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Unruh, William G. [2000]
University of British Columbia
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of black holes, their evaporation and other quantum effects associated with strong gravitational fields.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Van Zytveld, John Bos [2000]
M. J. Murdock Charitable Trust
Citation: For leadership in involving undergraduates in research, for advancing our understanding of electronic properties of liquid alloys, and for serving the science community as program officer for funding agencies.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Viggiano, Albert Anthony [2000]
Air Force Research Laboratory
Citation: For studies of the kinetics of ion interactions with neutral molecules, especially for the elucidation of internal energy effects and the influence of high temperatures and pressures, and atmospheric implications.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Violini, Galileo [2000]
UNESCO - Iran Office
Citation: For his extensive contributions to physics especially through developing new international programs, capacity building and vigorously promoting international cooperation between developed and developing countries.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Walmsley, Ian A. [2000]
University of Rochester
Citation: For contributions to methods for quantum state measurement in matter and the characterization of wave fields in general.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Washburn, Sean [2000]
University of North Carolina
Citation: For experimental studies of quantum transport.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Weihs, Daniel [2000]
Technion, Israel Institute of Technology
Citation: For outstanding contributions to aircraft performance, animal locomotion and behavior, optimization of energetics, fishing industry, and ecoenvironmental quality.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Weinberg, David Hal [2000]
Ohio State University
Citation: For outstanding research in studying the gravitational instability theory of structure formation in the Universe and its confrontation with experimental data.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Weisshaar, James C. [2000]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For ground breaking applications of photoionization and photoelectron spectroscopy to molecules and radicals and for incisive spectroscopic and dynamics studies of complex chemical reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Weller, Dieter [2000]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For contributions to the basic understanding of magnetic anisotropy, stability, and switching phenomena in high density magnetic recording materials, including both magneto-optical and longitudinal magnetic media.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Wells, Gene L. [2000]
American Physical Society
Citation: For leadership, excellent judgement and dedication in his role as Editor of Physical Review Letters for the broad area of condensed matter physics.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Welp, Ulrich [2000]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering magnetic measurements of phase transitions in superconducting and magnetic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Whelan, Colm Thomas [2000]
University of Cambridge
Citation: For many significant contributions to atomic collision theory and most especially for original work on (e, 2e) and related processes.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Wiesenfeld, Kurt Arn [2000]
Georgia Institute of Technology
Citation: For seminal theoretical contributions to nonlinear dynamics and complex systems theory, including co-discovery of self-organized criticality and for theories of stochastic resonance and Josephson-junction phase locking.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Williams, Gwyn Philip [2000]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of synchrotron radiation as a bright infrared source and for its application to studies of surface dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Windle, Alan H. [2000]
University of Cambridge
Citation: For fundamental studies elucidating structural order in liquid crystalline and noncrystalline polymers using x-ray scattering and molecular modeling techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Winokur, Peter Stanley [2000]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of physical mechanisms governing the response of CMOS devices to ionizing radiation and to the development of radiation-hardened Si gate CMOS technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Wiss, James E. [2000]
University of Illinois
Citation: For his initial measurements of charmed particles and his continuing leadership in the study of heavy quarks.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Wong, Po-Zen [2000]
University of Massachusetts
Citation: For studies of disordered magnetic systems, porous media, and random interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Yarkony, David Roy [2000]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For the development of algorithms to locate and characterize conical intersections and the demonstration of the essential role these intersections play in non adiabatic phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Zigler, Arie [2000]
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Citation: In recognition of his fundamental experimental contributions to the field of ultra high intensity laser matter interactions.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Zisman, Michael S. [2000]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his key role in storage ring designs of synchrotron radiation sources and electron-positron factories, authoring the ZAP design code and in the design, construction and commissioning of the PEP-II/LER.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Zwier, Timothy Scott [2000]
Purdue University
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of intramolecular and intermolecular interactions, particularly of hydrogen bonded species, by application of double resonance laser spectroscopy to isolated molecules and molecular clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science