APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Aberg, Teijo E.W. [1997]
Helsinki University of Technology
Citation: For seminal work and many contributions to the understanding of radiationless transitions and the development of a unified theory of atomic excitation and de-excitation processes.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Aeppli, Gabriel [1997]
NEC Research Institute
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of highly correlated electron systems and exotic superconductors using neutron scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ashtekar, Abhay Vasant [1997]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For his various contributions to classical and quantum gravitational physics, in particular the new canonical variables and the development of rigorous techniques for the quantization of gravity and other non-Abelian field theories.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Bagger, Jonathan Anders [1997]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For his contributions to the theory and phenomenology of supersymmetry, supergravity and supercolliders.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Barrett, Joseph John [1997]
Allied Signal, Inc.
Citation: For his pioneering contributions in the development and applications of new Raman and infrared techniques and, in particular, photoacoustic Raman spectroscopy for gas analysis and infrared sensors for avionics applications.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Bechert, Dietrich Wolfgang [1997]
DLR - German Aerospace Research EST
Citation: For seminal contributions in receptivity of shear flows, vortex sound absorption, amplification of jet noise, acoustic array application on high speed train, and ingenious experiments of viscous drag reduction by using riblets.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Bell, Kenneth Lloyd [1997]
Queen's University
Citation: For his fundamental and enduring contributions to the theory of electron collisions with atoms and ions, photoionization and photodetachment, and to atomic structure with particular emphasis on transition probabilities.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Bell, Michael George [1997]
Princeton University
Citation: For contributions to plasma performance optimization and investigations of confinement and stability of tokamak plasmas and for contributions to the experiments which let to the production of 10.7 MW of D-T fusion power in TFTR in November 1994.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Bevk, Joze [1997]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For his pioneering studies of the ultrafine filamentary composites; of the seminal research of the Si-Ge monolayer superlattices and Si/SiO2 interfaces; and for the discovery of boron confinement and trapping mechanisms in Si-based heterostructures.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Boebinger, Gregory Scott [1997]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For experimental investigations of magneto-transport in quantum wells and the normal state of high temperature superconductors using pulsed magnetic fields.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Brandan, Maria-Ester [1997]
IFUNAM
Citation: For her contributions to the theoretical understanding of the interaction between heavy ions, deduced from analyses of their scattering in terms of refractive phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Brennan, Joseph Michael [1997]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the design, construction, and implementation of synchrotron rf acceleration systems, and specifically the AGS.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Broughton, Jeremy Quinton [1997]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions to large-scale numerical simulations of materials behavior, in both the classical and quantum domains.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Bruinsma, Robijn Fredrik [1997]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of membranes, complex liquids, and random-field Ising models.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Calleja-Pardo, Jose Manuel [1997]
Universidad Autsnoma de Madrid
Citation: For significant contributions to optical studies of semiconductor quantum structures and for his role in the advancement of experimental solid state research in Spain.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Campbell, Myron Keith [1997]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his leadership and vision on data collection and triggering at hadronic collider experiments, and its direct impact on the successful physics program of the CDF experiment at Fermilab.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Cates, Gordon D., Jr. [1997]
Princeton University
Citation: For his pioneering use of laser polarized gases to permit uniquely detained images of mammalian lungs.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Chandler, David W. [1997]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For important contributions to molecular dynamics, in particular for his invention and applications of photofragment imaging and for his work using laser-induced gratings.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Chang, Hsueh Chia [1997]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his deep and elegant contributions to the mathematics and to the physical understanding of nonlinear waves on thin films.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Clark, Robert Beck [1997]
Texas A&M University
Citation: For his contributions to establishing models for networks linking the national and the international physics communities and his exceptional support of physics teachers at all levels.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Coleman, Michael M. [1997]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For spectroscopic characterization of miscible polymer blends.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Colestock, Patrick L. [1997]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering application of plasma physics theoretical formalisms to explain observed nonlinear beam dynamics in particle accelerators, and using this nonlinearity as a powerful new beam diagnostic tool.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Cornell, Eric Allin [1997]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For pioneering research that led to the first observation of Bose-Einstein condensation in an atomic gas, an observation that has opened a new area of investigation in physics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Drell, Persis S. [1997]
Cornell University
Citation: For her many important contributions to elementary particle physics, including a systematic program to understand semileptonic decays of b quarks and measure the CKM matrix element Vcb.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Dunford, Robert Walter [1997]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For extensive experimental studies in fundamental atomic physics, especially in characterizing the properties of few-electron heavy-ion systems, thereby adding significantly to the understanding of relativistic quantum mechanics and QED.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Dziuba, Ronald Francis [1997]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For exceptional contributions to the realization of the ohm, the use of the quantum Hall effect as the primary resistance standard, and professional support to the metrology and scientific communities.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Ediger, Mark D. [1997]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For his insightful experimental and computational investigations of local polymer dynamics in solutions and melts.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Eklund, Peter Clay [1997]
University of Kentucky
Citation: For contributions to the synthesis and optical studies of carbon-based solids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ellison, Donald Charles [1997]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For his pioneering work in applying computer Monte Carlo techniques to greatly further understanding of the acceleration of charged particles by astrophysical plasma shocks.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Ernst, Wolfgang Erhard [1997]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For his contributions to high resolution laser spectroscopy of diatomic molecules at high sensitivity and definitive spectroscopic experiments on alkali trimers and their interpretation.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Estreicher, Stefan K. [1997]
Texas Technical University
Citation: For his seminal contributions to our theoretical understanding of interstitial defects in semiconductors and their roles in such phenomena as diffusion, passivation, activation, and defect clustering.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Eyler, Edward E. [1997]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For precision spectroscopic measurements of simple atomic and molecular systems, especially molecular hydrogen.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Feenstra, Randall M. [1997]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For contributions to the development of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope as a spectroscopic tool to probe semiconductor surfaces and surface phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ferrone, Frank A. [1997]
Drexel University
Citation: For development of novel instrumentation and methods to probe protein structure and assembly, and particularly for developing and elaborating a detailed physical picture of the polymerization of sickle hemoglobin.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Fischer, Erhard Wolfgang [1997]
Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research
Citation: For his many seminal contributions to the fundamental understanding of the structure and properties of solid polymers.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Fisher, Raymond Kurt [1997]
General Atomics
Citation: For innovative leading-edge contributions, including the first measurements of confined alphas and knock-on tails, the first observations of plasma resonance cones, and pioneering experiments on non-circular tokamaks.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Flatti, Stanley Martin [1997]
University of California, Santa Cruz
Citation: For work on meson spectroscopy and for work on wave propagation in random media with innovative contributions to ocean acoustics, atmospheric optics, seismology, and numerical simulation.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Flory, Curt A. [1997]
Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Citation: For the imaginative use of theoretical physics in the analysis and creation of precision frequency standards, microwave sources, acoustic signal processing and sensing devices, and mass spectrometry instrumentation.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Fowles, G. Richard [1997]
Washington State University
Citation: For contributions to the education of shock compression scientists and for pioneering theoretical and experimental investigations in shock physics, including elastic-plastic shock compression.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Freund, Henry Philip [1997]
Science Applications International Corporation
Citation: For seminal contributions to the theory of collective radiation mechanisms in plasma and relativistic electron beans, and the application of the theory to runaway electron instabilities in tokamaks and to coherent radiation sources such as Free-Electron Lases and Cerenkov Masers.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Frieman, Joshua Adam [1997]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: In recognition of his many contributions in the application of particle physics to early-universe cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Fry, Edward S. [1997]
Texas A&M University
Citation: For new optical probes and effects ranging from the foundations of quantum mechanics to ocean optics and lasing without inversion.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Fuda, Michael George [1997]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For the development of techniques for the analysis of the nonrelativistic and relativistic quantum mechanics of few particle systems, and their applications to strongly interacting few particle systems.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Fuller, Robert G. [1997]
University of Nebraska
Citation: For his development of video and computer materials for the teaching of physics and his leadership in introducing technology into the teaching of physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Gai, Moshe [1997]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For his measurements of critical reaction rates in Nuclear Astrophysics using innovative experimental techniques, as well as his measurements of enhanced El decays in nuclei, with implications for the structure of reflexion asymmetric nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ganguli, Gurudas [1997]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For being a pioneer in the study of velocity shear-induced microinstabilities and the associated mesoscale effects on the global ionospheric and magnetospheric plasma state.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Garcia, Angel E. [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For the systematic study of the folding, the stability, and the dynamics of biomolecules, in particular of the role of water, using sophisticated molecular dynamics computations.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Gaster, Michael [1997]
Queen Mary & Westfield College
Citation: In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the understanding of transition to turbulence, vortex shedding from bluff bodies and experimental aerodynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

George, Steven M. [1997]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For advancements in our understanding of gas-surface energy transfer dynamics, surface kinetics and diffusion processes, environmental chemistry at gas-surface interfaces, heterogeneous catalysis, and chemically controlled eptiaxy of novel thin film materials.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Glazman, Leonid I. [1997]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to theories of electron transport and correlations in mesoscopic and low dimensional systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gleiser, Reinaldo Jaime [1997]
Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Argenti
Citation: For his role in the development of physics in Cordoba, and for his contributions to the application of exact solutions to Einstein equations and gravitational radiation theory.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Goodman, Jordan A. [1997]
University of Maryland
Citation: For many important contributions to the ground-based studies of high-energy cosmic rays and gamma rays, in particular, the development and utilization of extensive air-shower detectors.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Gor'kov, Lev Petrovich [1997]
Florida State University
Citation: For the quantum field formulation of the theory of superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gould, Phillip L. [1997]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For his pioneering research in the use of lasers for diffracting and manipulating atoms, cooling trapped atoms to ultracold temperatures, ultracold atomic collisions and developing techniques for photoassociative molecular spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Grant, Paul Michael [1997]
Electric Power Research Institute
Citation: For contributions to the fields of organic conductors and high temperature superconductivity.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Grinstein, Benjamin [1997]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For his outstanding contribution to the development of heavy quark effective field theories and their applications in search of the origin of CP violation.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hamilton, William Oliver [1997]
Louisiana State University
Citation: For pioneering work and continuing leadership in developing gravitational-wave detectors, for back-action evading measurements of mechanical squeezed states, and for the development of techniques for magnetic shielding.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Hammett, Gregory W. [1997]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For development of fluid-like models containing Landau damping and gyro-orbit averaging important in the simulation of drift wave turbulence, and for bounce averaged quasilinear theory of ion cyclotron heating.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Hannon, James Patrick [1997]
Rice University
Citation: For theories of Mvssbauer gamma-ray optics and of resonant X-ray magnetic scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Heenen, Paul Henri [1997]
Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Citation: For his many contributions to our understanding of the nuclear mean field, especially for the development of self-consistent methods to study the static and dynamic aspects of nuclear motion.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Hellman, Frances [1997]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For her studies on the interplay between magnetism and the surface phenomena inherent to vapor deposition growth.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Herman, Irving Philip [1997]
Columbia University
Citation: For distinguished accomplishments in laser physics, notably the development and application of laser techniques to probe and control materials processing.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Hess, Harold Frederick [1997]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For contributions in magnetic evaporative cooling of ions and scanning probe microscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ho, Yew Kam Eugene [1997]
Academia Sinica
Citation: For seminal contribution to the understanding of atomic resonances in two-electron systems, with and without the presence of electric field, through high precision applications of complex coordinate rotational method.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Hoffmann, William F. [1997]
University of Arizona
Citation: For his pioneering work in the field of balloon-borne far-infrared astronomy and discovery of far-infrared radiation from Galactic Center; successful construction of the Multi Mirror Telescope (MMT) and application of infrared array technology to astronomy.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Horie, Yasuyuki [1997]
North Carolina State University
Citation: In recognition of fundamental contributions to shock physics, including research on the shock synthesis of refractory and ceramic composites and the development of computational models of shocked reactive powders.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Hunter, Larry Russel [1997]
Amherst College
Citation: For his contributions to precise tests of fundamental physical laws and symmetries, and in particular for substantially improving the bound on the electric dipole moment of the electron.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Hussaini, Mohammed Yousuff [1997]
Florida State University
Citation: For scientific leadership and innovative and pioneering research in the theory and application of computational fluid dynamics, particularly spectral methods, to problems in transition, compressible turbulence, shock-turbulence interaction, and aeroacoustics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Isaac, Randall Duane [1997]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For outstanding contributions to advanced bipolar technology and the 64Mb DRAM development.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Jackel, Lawrence David [1997]
AT&T Bell Labs
Citation: For sustained contributions to the fields of microscience and machine learning by increasing scientific understanding and by developing technology and applying it to systems with commercial and industrial significance.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Jain, Jainendra Kumar [1997]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For the "Composite Fermion" theory of the fractional quantum Hall effect.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Jiles, David Collingwoo [1997]
Iowa State University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of ferromagnetic hysteresis and related magnetic phenomena.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Jose, Jorge V. [1997]
Northeastern University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of low dimensional critical phenomena and quantum chaos.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kanter, Elliot Paul [1997]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For innovative studies of molecular structure and dynamics and contributions to the development of Coulomb Explosion Imaging as a quantitative technique.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ketterle, Wolfgang [1997]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For pioneering research in achieving Bose-Einstein condensation in an atomic vapor, and for seminal studies on the properties of the condensate.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Kisker, David William [1997]
IBM Research Division
Citation: For contributions to the CVD growth of compound semiconductor thin films and direct real time x-ray scattering studies of the growth mechanism.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Kivelson, Steven Allan [1997]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For theoretical contributions to the understanding of conducting polymers, the quantum Hall effect, and high temperature superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kolb, Charles E. [1997]
Aerodyne Research, Inc.
Citation: For his design and utilization of innovative methods to study gas phase and heterogeneous chemical kinetics and to monitor trace species concentrations and fluxes in environmental and industrial processes.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Kuech, Thomas Francis [1997]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the fundamental understanding of vapor-phase growth of III-V compound semiconductors and his discovery of long-range order in compound semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Kurfess, James Daniel [1997]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For broad contributions to High Energy Astrophysics, including gamma ray observations of solar flares, pulsars, supernovae, discrete and diffuse galactic sources and active galactic nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

L'Huillier, Anne [1997]
Lund University
Citation: For pioneering the understanding and development of high-order harmonic generation by short laser pulses in atomic gases.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ladanyi, Branka Maria [1997]
Colorado State University
Citation: For her insightful contributions to the molecular theory of fluids and its applications to solvation, optical response and dielectric properties.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Lagendijk, Ad [1997]
University of Amsterdam
Citation: For his pivotal experimental and theoretical contributions to electromagnetic waves propagation through strongly scattering media, highlighted by the demonstration of weak localization and extreme delay of classical wave propagation.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Lazarus, Edward Alan [1997]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his insight and leadership in advanced plasma shape control for improving tokamak performance.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Lee, Dunghai [1997]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the phases and phase transitions in quantum Hall systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lee, Richard W. [1997]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For technical contributions and outstanding outreach of codes for plasma spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Lee, Shyh-Yuan [1997]
Indiana University
Citation: For important and creative contributions in both beam theory and experiments; in particular on the stability of beams with nonlinear perturbations, on the compensation of depolarizing resonances, and on the experimental study of complex beam phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Levinson, Yehoshua [1997]
Weizmann Institute of Science
Citation: For key contributions to the understanding of highly excited electron and phonon systems, including electron population inversion in crossed electric and magnetic fields, and phonon population with frequency down-conversion.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Lightbody, John W. [1997]
National Science Foundation
Citation: For his research studying nuclear systems using elastic and inelastic electron scattering techniques, and for his leadership in developing the nuclear physics program at the National Science Foundation.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Likharev, Konstantin Konstantin [1997]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For contributions to the theory and applications of superconducting and single-electron devices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Liu, Keh-Fei Frank [1997]
University of Kentucky
Citation: For pioneering work in lattice gauge calculations which checked nuclear models quantitatively.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Lockwood, David John [1997]
National Research Council
Citation: For pioneering applications of inelastic light scattering spectroscopy to phase transition dynamics, antiferromagnetic excitations and optical excitations in low-dimensional semiconductors, and for contributions to international physics.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Luk, Kam Biu [1997]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to precision measurements of hyperon properties and studies of heavy-quark production in proton-nucleus collisions, and for leadership in pursuing novel approaches aimed at studying fundamental problems.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Lyding, Joseph W. [1997]
University of Illinois
Citation: For contributions to STM-based nanofabrication schemes using hydrogen and deuterium on silicon.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Madaras, Ronald John [1997]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in pioneering technical projects and in physics analysis with the Fermilab DX detector, the PEP TPC and the SPEAR Lead-Glass Wall.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Maguire, Charles Felix [1997]
Vanderbilt University
Citation: For his leading contributions to the area of non-equilibrium particle emission and for the direction of the simulation effort for the PHENIX detector at RHIC collaboration.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Majkrzak, Charles Francis [1997]
National Institute of Standards; Technology
Citation: For the contributions to neutron reflectometry and its application to the physics of magnetic multilayers.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Maley, Martin Paul [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of vortex dynamics and transport in superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mandich, Mary L. [1997]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For the development and application of unique molecular beam and spectroscopic tools for the study of the electronic properties and chemistry of clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Marriner, John Piper [1997]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his important contributions to accelerator physics, especially in the area of stochastic cooling, which have led to record luminosities at the Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collider.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Marshalek, Eugene Richard [1997]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the microscopic theory of nuclear collective motion, especially development of boson mapping methods.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Martinis, John M. [1997]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For his experimental investigations into the fundamental quantum behavior of low-temperature electronic devices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Marx, Gyvrgy Miklos [1997]
Evtvvs Lorand Tudomanyegyetem (Hungary)
Citation: For seminal work in neutrino physics, including lepton charge conservation and dark matter, his leadership in physics education world-wide and his impact on research and teaching in Hungary.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Matzen, M. Keith [1997]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering work and leadership in the theory and experiments that produced energetic, intense pulsed-power-driven x-ray sources and demonstrated their applications in ICF and radiation physics.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

McCarthy, Robert L. [1997]
State University of New York
Citation: For studies leading to a broader and more precise understanding of the strong interactions, and for innovative developments in particle detectors.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Meier, Robert R. [1997]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering research in radiation transport theory and space-based optical observations leading to understanding of planetary coronae, magnetospheric imaging, interstellar hydrogen and helium and airglow on the earth, planets and comets.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Merritt, Frank S. [1997]
University of Chicago
Citation: For studies of neutral current neutrino interactions and weakly decaying states produced in neutrino interactions, and for setting mass limits on the Higgs boson and heavy leptons at LEP.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Mori, Warren B. [1997]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to particle simulations of complex laser-plasma phenomena and of plasma based light sources.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Ning, Tak Hung [1997]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding of hot electron effects in MOSFET devices and advances in bipolar technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

O'Fallon, John R. [1997]
U.S. Department of Energy
Citation: For his wise leadership of the Division of High Energy Physics within the Department of Energy, which has nurtured a broad and productive U.S. research program in particle physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Osgood, Richard M. [1997]
Columbia University
Citation: For pioneering work initiating and fundamental studies elucidating light-induced chemical reactions on surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Ourmazd, Abbas [1997]
Institute for Semiconductor Physics
Citation: For work on the characterization of semiconductor interfaces, the development of fast transistors, and service to the APS via his role in founding the Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Paesler, Michael Arthur [1997]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For contributions to the physics of amorphous materials, and to the development of spectroscopic near field optical microscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Park, Wonchull [1997]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to resistive magneto-hydrodynamic theory and to computational physics; and for his careful and extensive application and comparison of these calculations with experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Parr, Albert Clarence [1997]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the development of innovative instruments and techniques for elucidating atomic and molecular photoionization processes and for defining national radiometric standards.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Pendrill, Ann-Marie Martensson [1997]
Chalmers University of Technology
Citation: For her contributions to the development and used of atomic many-body methods to explore relativistic effects and parity non-conservation in heavy atoms.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Peppas, Nikolaos A. [1997]
Purdue University
Citation: For exemplary research on the effects of structure and molecular relaxations of polymers on the diffusion and transport of penetrants and solutes and the development of theories of diffusion through polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Petrou, Athos [1997]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For optical studies of heterostructures and elucidating their band structure and optical properties.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pine, David J. [1997]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For the development of light scattering techniques, including diffusing-wave spectroscopy, and their application to the study of complex fluids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Polchinski, Joseph G. [1997]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For his major contributions to the understanding of quantum field theory, supersymmetry and string theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Pollack, Edward [1997]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For pioneering work in keV energy ion-molecule and atom-molecule collisions leading to a better understanding of electron capture and electronic and vibro-rotationally inelastic interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Prescott, Charles Young [1997]
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Citation: For his major contributions to our knowledge of the weak neutral current and the spin structure of the nucleon through experiments using polarized electron beams.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Putterman, Seth [1997]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For a sustained record of important discoveries in several areas of fluid dynamics including sonoluminescence, turbulence, and quantum hydrodynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Pynn, Roger [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For a leadership role in neutron scattering and for developing new techniques for neutron scattering studies.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Radeka, Veljko [1997]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions both to electronics for detectors as well as detectors themselves used in particle physics and related fields.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Raizen, Mark G. [1997]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For outstanding contributions to our understanding of quantum effects in optics, especially at the quantum-classical interface.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ramirez, Arthur Penn [1997]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For magnetic, thermal, and transport studies of correlated magnetism and superconductivity in low-dimensional and geometrically-frustrated magnets, heavy-fermion metals, fullerenes and colossal-magnetoresistance materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Rao, B. D. Nageswara [1997]
Indiana University and Purdue University
Citation: For making effective use of high-resolution NMR methods to obtain reliable structural and dynamical characterization of enzyme-bound substrate complexes thereby contributing information critical to understanding the molecular basis of enzyme catalysis.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Rebka, Glen Anderson, Jr. [1997]
University of Wyoming
Citation: For pioneering contributions to experimental general relativity, nuclear physics with polarized protons and pion double charge exchange.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Renardy, Yuriko [1997]
Virginia Technical Institute
Citation: For her seminal contributions to the fluid dynamics of interfacial instabilities, through the mathematical analysis of viscous, viscoelastic and thermal effects.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Richter, Dieter [1997]
Institute for Solid State Research
Citation: For his incisive neutron spin echo investigations enabling improved understanding of the fundamental influence of molecular weight and temperature on chain dynamics in the melt and glassy states.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Rolston, Steven Lloyd [1997]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For pioneering work applying laser cooling and trapping to the study of optical control of collisions, the quantum motion of atoms in optical lattices, and atomic properties in metastable states.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Saam, William Frederick [1997]
Ohio State University
Citation: For theoretical predictions of interfacial structures and wetting transitions in classical and quantum systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schriber, Stanley Owen [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in the R&D for high-current proton linear accelerators and for his support of the particle accelerator community.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Schultz, Jerold M. [1997]
University of Delaware
Citation: For contributions to scholarship and education in understanding processing-structure-property relationships in polymer systems, particularly in the area of crystallization and structure development.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Schweber, Silvan S. [1997]
Brandeis University
Citation: For his deep analysis of the historical development of fundamental physics, particularly in this century, and its relation to the broader intellectual and social context.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Shenoy, Gopal K. [1997]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the study of magnetic superconductors and his pioneering role and leadership in the development of the Advanced Photon Source.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Shifman, Mikhail A. [1997]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For his seminal contributions to nonperturbative dynamics in gauge theories (QCD and supersymmetric theories), and their observational consequences.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Shklovskii, Boris Ionovich [1997]
Theoretical Physics Institute
Citation: For contributions to the theory of transport in disordered electronic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shvarts, Dov [1997]
Nuclear Research Center - Negev
Citation: For his penetrating insights in the development of theories for ion and electron transport, high-Z opacity, and multimode nonlinear mixing due to the Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Sibener, Steven J. [1997]
University of Chicago
Citation: For elucidating physical and chemical processes at surfaces by inelastic helium scattering and other means.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Siegel, Daniel M. [1997]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For his unique, detailed study of the nature and development of Maxwell's electromagnetic theory as a high point in nineteenth century physics.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Singh, David Joseph [1997]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of complex materials using first principles calculations and for development of the tools for such calculations.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Skinner, James Lauriston [1997]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of spectroscopy and dynamics in liquids, glasses, and crystals.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Skopik, Dennis Michael [1997]
University of Saskatchewan
Citation: For his research in nuclear and nucleon structure using the electromagnetic interaction and his leadership role in the Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory 300 MeV electron facility.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Skuja, Andris [1997]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his leadership role in designing and developing complex particle physics experiments, especially the recent work on collider experiments, including the CMS at the LHC in CERN.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Smits, Alexander J. [1997]
Princeton University
Citation: For unique contributions that have increased our physical understanding of how turbulent boundary layers are influenced by Reynolds number, Mach number, curvature, shocks, and other perturbations.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Speziale, Charles G. [1997]
Boston University
Citation: For the rational analysis and modeling of turbulent flows that has enhanced our ability to compute complex flows of scientific importance.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Stanev, Todor Stefanov [1997]
University of Delaware
Citation: For outstanding contributions to understanding the origin of cosmic rays at ultra-high energies and for pioneering research in the field of neutrino astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Stratt, Richard Mark [1997]
Brown University
Citation: For major contributions to our understanding of the microscopic origins of collective vibrational motions (instantaneous norm modes) in liquids and their ramifications for ultrafast spectroscopy and liquid dynamics in general.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Strikman, Mark [1997]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For developing light cone techniques for nuclear systems, applying these to deep inelastic scattering and for original contributions related to understanding and measuring the effects of color transparency.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Sutherland, Richard L. [1997]
Science Applications International Corp
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding and application of non-linear optical materials and switchable volumetric holograms.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Sutter, David Franklin [1997]
U.S. Department of Energy
Citation: For continuous support of the particle accelerator community through his leadership of U.S. D.O.E. programs of accelerator physics and technology.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Suzor-Weiner, Annick [1997]
Universite Paris-Sud
Citation: For her pioneering development of the theory of dissociative recombination, and for many other contributions to atomic and molecular physics which have stimulated significant theoretical and experimental studies.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Swift, Gregory William [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For pivotal experiments leading to a new understanding of the superfluid state and for the development of thermoacoustic engines.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Tabak, Max [1997]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his exceptionally inventive and broad contributions to the fields of laser and particle driven inertial fusion, and in particular for being the principal inventor of the fast ignitor concept.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Tang, Chao [1997]
NEC Research Institute
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the theory of Self-Organized Criticality, and many other original contributions in statistical and nonlinear physics.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Tarle, Gregory [1997]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his innovative work in measuring the antimatter content of cosmic rays and other important research that spans the boundaries of astrophysics, elementary particle physics and nuclear physics.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Tarter, Curtis Bruce [1997]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering research on the physics of photo-ionized plasmas near astrophysical and laboratory x-ray sources and for his leadership of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, maintaining the highest scientific integrity for this major US institution in a time of intense change.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Thomas, John Edward [1997]
Duke University
Citation: For fundamental studies of collisions in atomic vapors using methods of laser spectroscopy and for suboptical wavelength position measurements and atom imaging.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Toussaint, Doug [1997]
University of Arizona
Citation: For innovative and broad ranging contributions to computational physics including the development of special purpose computers, numerical studies of strongly correlated electron systems, and especially quantum chromodynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Tranquada, John M. [1997]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of copper-oxide superconductors by use of x-ray absorption and neutron scattering techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Tycko, Robert [1997]
National Institutes of Health
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of novel materials, to nuclear magnetic resonance methods for probing novel materials, and to the fundamental principles of magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Vainshtein, Arkady [1997]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the confrontation of the Standard Model with experiment, and contributions to nonperturbatic methods, among them QCD sum rules, and exact results in SUSY gauge theories.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Van de Walle, Chris G. [1997]
Xerox PARC
Citation: For innovative contributions to the theoretical understanding of interfaces, defects, and impurities in semiconductors through the application of first-principles calculations.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Verdon, Charles Peter [1997]
University of Rochester
Citation: For developing ICF targets for direct drive that self-consistently incorporate beam smoothing and hydrodynamic stability constraints, and for developing a quantitative understanding of Rayleigh-Taylor instability for direct drive.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Victora, Randall Harry [1997]
Kodak Research Laboratories
Citation: For quantitatively accurate predictions of magnetic hysteresis, innovative calculations of the magnetic and electronic structure for heterogeneous systems, and the extension of these results to the development of practical materials.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Vignale, Giovanni [1997]
University of Missouri
Citation: For contributions to density functional theory.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Voloshin, Mikhail Boroso [1997]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For development of new methods of analysis of nonperturbative properties of quantum fields and elementary particles and applications of these in studies of experimentally observed phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Voth, Gregory Alan [1997]
University of Utah
Citation: For his pioneering work on the theory of condensed phase processes, including quantum dynamics, interfacial electron transfer and quantum and classical activated dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Wang, Shiqing [1997]
Case Western Reserve University
Citation: For his seminal contributions to our knowledge of molecular mechanisms for flow instabilities, extrudate distortions and wall slip in capillary extrusion of polymer melts.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Wang, Wen I. [1997]
Columbia University
Citation: For outstanding contributions in high mobility materials, Schottky barriers, heterostructure physics, and long-range order in semiconductor alloys.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Weerts, Hendrick Josef [1997]
Michigan State University
Citation: For contributions to the building, commissioning and operation of the D-Zero detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, and using data to confront QCD predictions in new regions of phase space.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

West, Geoffrey B. [1997]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of scaling in Deep Inelastic Scattering and for the elucidation of glueball spectrum in QCD.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Wilkerson, John Franklin [1997]
University of Washington
Citation: For the rigor he has brought to experimental neutrino physics, in the first experiments on the low-energy solar neutrino flux and high-resolution measurements of the beta decay of free molecular tritium.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Williams, Claudine [1997]
College de France
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the understanding of the structure of poly-electrolyte solutions and ion-containing polymers, and for pioneering novel techniques for their characterization.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Williams, Hugh Harrison [1997]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For experimental contributions to the establishment of the electroweak theory, including measurements of neutral current processes in neutrino interactions, measurements of the W and Z bosons, and discovery of the top quark.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Wilson, Jack M. [1997]
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Citation: For his leadership in the development of computer assisted learning environments and physics education materials that enhance the students' interaction with the physics and substantially improves their opportunities for learning.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Wootton, Alan James [1997]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For extraordinary leadership in the experimental investigation and understanding of turbulent processes in tokamaks and for guiding the development of new methods for diagnosing tokamak plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Yurke, Bernard [1997]
Lucent Technologies
Citation: For theoretical and experimental research in quantum states of light, especially the generation of squeezed light in cavities and Schroedinger cat states.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Zajc, William A. [1997]
Columbia University
Citation: For his landmark contribution to experimental studies of two-boson correlation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Zangwill, Andrew Mark [1997]
Georgia Institute of Technology
Citation: For diverse theoretical contributions to surface and thin-film physics, most particularly, the kinetics of morphological evolutions during epitaxial growth.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Zelevinsky, Vladimir G. [1997]
Michigan State University
Citation: For his seminal contributions to many-body theory, including, the theoretical foundations for fermion-boson mapping, discovery of the O(5) dynamic symmetry for soft nuclei, and the elucidation of many-body quantum chaos.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Zollman, Dean A. [1997]
Kansas State University
Citation: For producing innovative multi-media materials that have demonstrated great value in teaching physics and for leadership in training and encouraging physics teachers at all levels to use technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Education