APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Alivisatos, A. Paul [1996]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the preparation and study of nanocrystals, including their incorporation into arrays and optoelectronic devices.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Baierlein, Ralph F. [1996]
Wesleyan University
Citation: For his varied contributions in physics, particularly in the areas of physics education, and for his many years of service to the profession.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Band, Yehuda Benzion [1996]
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Citation: For his many contributions to our understanding of the response of atoms and molecules to light, especially for the fundamental theory of molecular photodissociation and for collisions of ultracold atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bangerter, Roger Odell [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to all aspects of heavy-ion-driven inertial confinement fusion and leadership of the US effort to develop its potential as an energy source.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Bardeen, James M. [1996]
University of Washington
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the theory of cosmological density perturbations, relativistic astrophysics, and galactic structure.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Barker, Lynn M. [1996]
Valyn International
Citation: In recognition for his contribution to shock wave physics; particularly for development of new instrumentation techniques for shock wave studies such as VISAR and to the understanding of shock wave propagation in condensed matter.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Batson, Philip Edward [1996]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the development of both the experimental and interpretative aspects of high spatial resolution, high energy resolution energy loss spectroscopy as a valuable addition to electron microscopy studies of matter.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Becker, Uwe Eugen [1996]
Institut der Max-Planck Gesellschaf
Citation: For seminal contributions to atomic and molecular photoionization studies, which have helped to develop our understanding of correlation processes particularly near threshold.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bedeaux, Dick [1996]
University of Leiden
Citation: For his contribution to the statistical physics and nonequilibrium thermodynamics of surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Berkowitz, Ami Emanuel [1996]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For elucidation of magnetic phenomena in particles, films, and multilayers and their technological applications.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Berlinsky, A. John [1996]
McMaster University
Citation: For his contributions to the theory of the solid hydrogens, the properties of spin aligned hydrogen, frustrated magnetic systems and the electromagnetic properties of high temperature superconductors.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Bertschinger, Edmund [1996]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to theoretical cosmology, especially in the understanding of structure formation in the universe.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Bialek, William Samuel [1996]
NEC Research Institute
Citation: For his contributions in understanding the neural code and the optimization of neural processing through application of the methods of theoretical physics to problems in neuroscience.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Bicerano, Jozef [1996]
Dow Chemical Company
Citation: For his contributions to methods for the predictive modeling of polymers, and especially the development of a simple and powerful new method for predicting key physical properties from the polymeric repeat unit.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Bodenhausen, Geoffrey [1996]
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
Citation: For his numerous contributions toward making magnetic resonance one of the most sophisticated and versatile methods available for gaining insight into structure and dynamics of molecules in condensed and gas phase.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Bowers, John Edward [1996]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the ultrafast characteristics of optoelectronic devices and materials.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Briggs, John Stuart [1996]
University of Freiburg
Citation: For seminal work in understanding the interaction of matter with ions, electrons and light.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Burnett, Keith [1996]
University of Oxford
Citation: For seminal theoretical and experimental work on interrogation and manipulation of atomic collisions by light, and their application to quantum optics, strong-field physics, and Bose-Einstein condensation.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cabrera, Blas [1996]
Stanford University
Citation: For his precision measurement of the Cooper pair mass in a superconductor and his search for dark matter in the forms of magnetically charged particles or weakly interacting massive particles.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Cage, Marvin Eugene [1996]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For excellence in measurement research that led to an accurate experimental SI determination of the quantized Hall resistance and adoption of the quantum Hall effect as the new international standard for resistance.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Cantwell, Brian J. [1996]
Stanford University
Citation: For basic contributions to recent developments in Fluid Dynamics, particularly in unsteady, viscous flow theory, from laminar and transitional jets to organized structures in turbulence.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Caporaso, George James [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For original contributions to the design and analysis of high-current electron accelerators, especially for instability studies which have greatly extended the utility of induction linacs.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Carithers, William C., Jr. [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in the construction of the CDF experiment, including its vertex detector, and his role as co-spokesperson during the period of discovery of the top quark.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Carrera, Nicholas J. [1996]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his key scientific role in the development and negotiation of the verification protocols to the Threshold Test Ban Treaty and for his distinguished contributions to the US arms control efforts.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Chabal, Yves Jean [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering development of high-resolution infrared spectroscopy for adsorbate structure and dynamics on surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Chambouleyron, Ivan Emilio [1996]
Instituto de Fisica, UNICAMP
Citation: For significant contributions to fundamental and applied studies of amorphous semiconductors, and for his leadership role in the advancement of applied physics in Latin America.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Chan, Che Ting [1996]
Hong Kong University of Science & Technology
Citation: For his innovative contributions to the first-principles calculations and simulation of materials properties, including those of surface structures, clusters, and photonic band-gap materials.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Chen, Cheng-Hsuan Sunshine [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering contributions to condensed matter physics through applications of electron diffraction and microscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Chen, Chien-Te [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For innovative experiments in the area of soft x-ray spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation, and especially the advancement of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Cheng, Kwok-Tsang [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the theory of atomic structure and dynamics, particularly to the understanding of relativistic and quantum-electrodynamic effects in highly charged ions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cisneros, Carmen [1996]
Institut de Fisica
Citation: For her contributions to the field of molecular-ion collisional dissociation, particularly in fundamental hydrogenic systems, and for her efforts in international science and the development of AMO physics in Mexico.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cline, Harvey [1996]
General Electric R& D Laboratories
Citation: For sustained and significant applications of physics to semiconductor processing and medical imaging, most notably thermomigration production of vertical pn junctions and 3-D medical display algorithms for X-ray CT and MRI.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Colglazier, E. William, Jr. [1996]
National Research Council
Citation: For wise guidance of science and technology studies and insightful development of waste management policies, which demonstrate to the public the positive contributions of physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Cornacchia, Max [1996]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For broad contributions to the development of several accelerators, particularly in the design and development of synchrotron light sources from the first generation through current studies on concepts for future sources.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Criminale, William O. [1996]
University of Washington
Citation: For seminal contributions to the understanding of the stability of laminar shear flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Cutler, Leonard S. [1996]
Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Citation: For fundamental applications of physics in the development of precision, commercial atomic frequency standards and clocks, and the two-frequency laser interferometer, an essential tool in modern integrated-circuit manufacturing.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Dahlberg, Earl Dan [1996]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to the development of magnetic force microscopy and its application to the dynamics of magnetic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Datta, Supriyo [1996]
Purdue University
Citation: For contributions to the theory of quantum transport and the interplay between quantum interference and dissipation in mesoscopic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Davidovits, Paul [1996]
Boston College
Citation: For his basic studies of alkali and boron atom gas phase kinetics and for his pioneering contributions to the study of heterogeneous gas-liquid interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Davidsen, Arthur F. [1996]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For fundamental advances in the ultraviolet astronomy of faint extragalactic objects, and especially for the impact of these observations on our understanding of the hot intergalactic medium.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Deutsch, Claude [1996]
Universite Paris XI
Citation: For seminal contributions to plasma spectroscopy, to strongly coupled plasmas and to ion-plasma interactions, and for leadership in Europe in promoting the experimental verification of enhanced ion stopping in dense plasmas.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

DiMauro, Louis Franklin [1996]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For developing and utilizing high repetition rate, short pulse lasers for pioneering studies which have greatly advanced the fundamental understanding of multiphoton processes in atoms and molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Dlott, Dana D. [1996]
University of Illinois
Citation: For the development of ultrafast temperature jump techniques used to study molecular dynamics and molecular energy transfer in condensed matter under extreme conditions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Douglas, Jack Frank [1996]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For substantial contributions to the theoretical physics and chemistry of macromolecular and complex systems.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

DuBois, Robert Dean [1996]
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to heavy-particle collision physics, especially the innovative use of coincidence techniques to elucidate the influence of projectile electrons on impact ionization and separate target and projectile ionization.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Duff, Michael J. [1996]
Texas A & M University
Citation: For contributions towards unified theories of the elementary particles including gravity, especially for the discovery of Weyl anomalies, for the four-dimensional interpretation of extra spacetime dimensions and for string/fivebrane duality.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Durbin, Paul A. [1996]
Stanford University
Citation: For his contributions to fluid mechanics in general and near-wall turbulence modeling in particular through innovative concepts and analyses.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Dworzecka, Maria [1996]
George Mason University
Citation: For co-directing the Consortium of Upper Level Physics Software (CUPS) and co-editing accompanying instructional material for upper level physics classes.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Dzyaloshinskii, Igor E. [1996]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For contributions to the theory of many-body systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Eckelmann, Helmut [1996]
Georg August Universitaet
Citation: For landmark measurements of the statistical properties of wall bounded turbulent shear flows and the study of their coherent structures and for discoveries of important three-dimensional aspects of circular cylinder wakes.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Einsweiler, Kevin [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the UA2 and CDF experiments, including high-precision measurement of the W mass, and to the design of detectors (SDC/ATLAS) for high-energy hadron colliders.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Erdös, Paul [1996]
University of Lusanne
Citation: For the elucidation of the thermal and electronic properties of disordered materials and actinide compounds, and for his work on the biophysics of the neural control of the locomotion of nematodes.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Esarey, Eric Hans [1996]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: In recognition of his seminal scientific contributions to the physics of intense laser-plasma interaction.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Feldkamp, Lee A. [1996]
Ford Motor Company
Citation: For contributions in the application of physics to practical automotive control systems and computed tomography and to fundamental understanding of electron spectroscopies.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Feng, Da Hsuan [1996]
Drexel University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding of nuclear structure physics, particularly for the application of the coherent states to physics and nuclear physics.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Fischetti, Massimo Vincenzo [1996]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the development of first-principle modeling that predicts accurately the performance of sub-micron semiconductor devices.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Friedman, Alex [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For innovations in computer modeling of fusion plasmas, laser-plasma interactions and charged particle beams, and design of high space charge accelerator components.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Galayda, John Nicolas [1996]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his key role in the design, construction, and commissioning of the National Sychrotron Light Source and the Advanced Photon Source.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Gallagher, Jean Weil [1996]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For outstanding leadership and work in compiling and evaluating numeric data in atomic, molecular and optical physics.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Gambini, Rodolfo [1996]
Instituto de Fisica
Citation: For distinguished research in field theory and gravitation, notably on geometrical techniques and the loop representation of gauge theories, and for mentoring theoretical physicists in Latin America.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Gammel, Peter Ledel [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of persistent currents in superfluid 3He and vorticity in both superfluid 3He and superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gekelman, Walter [1996]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For a unique, original program of complete and definitive diagnostic studies of magnetic field reconnection and current disruptions in plasmas, achieving major advances and linking space and laboratory plasma physics.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Gentle, Kenneth W. [1996]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For his pioneering experiments on wave-particle and wave-wave interactions which have illuminated the fundamental nonlinear phenomena in collisionless plasmas, and for his leadership in the development of experiments which directly measure the fundamental processes of transport in Tokamak plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Gibbs, Laurence Doon [1996]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For development of x-ray magnetic scattering techniques and contributions to the understanding of the structure and phase behavior of metal surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gilgenbach, Ronald Matthew [1996]
University of Michigan
Citation: For pioneering experimental research on electron cyclotron resonance heating in a tokamak, preionization by gyrotrons, electron beam transport and instabilities, and diagnostics of laser-ablated plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Glembocki, Orest Jaroslaw [1996]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For contributions in the field of optical properties of solids, especially photoreflectance of semiconductor microstructures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gordon, Robert J. [1996]
University of Illinois
Citation: For the development for both active and passive control over the rates and branching ratios of molecular reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Graham, William George [1996]
Queen's University
Citation: For significant contributions towards the measurement of atomic collision processes, particularly recombination, in nuclear fusion plasmas, and to the understanding of atomic collision processes in low-temperature plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Guenther, Bob D. [1996]
US Army Research Laboratory
Citation: For seminal contributions to the fields of quantum electronics and optics, including the development of the use of lasers for enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, and for contributions to education in optics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Hadley, Nicholas John [1996]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his contributions to the discovery of the top quark and to searches for new particles.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hagopian, Vasken [1996]
Florida State University
Citation: For significant contributions to high energy physics including the discovery of the f(1270) meson and the detailed analysis of many other meson resonances.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hammel, Bruce A. [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For measurements and understanding of x-ray driven implosions, x-ray driven hydrodynamic instabilities and x-ray drive asymmetry.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Harris, John William [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the field of relativistic nuclear collisions and leadership in the development of the experimental program at the future Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Havlin, Shlomo [1996]
Bar-Ilan University
Citation: For pioneering light scattering imaging of biological tissues, and for seminal contributions to the understanding of transport in disordered systems, rough interfaces, chemical reactions, DNA, heartbeats and Alzheimer disease.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Hawrylak, Pawel [1996]
NRC of Canada
Citation: For theoretical work on the role of many body effects in the optical properties of low dimensional electronic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Heidbrink, William Walter [1996]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For quantitative studies of the confinement and thermalization of fast ions in tokamak plasmas and for discovery of several fast-ion driven instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Heiman, Donald E. [1996]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For studies of excitons in the quantum Hall regime and exchange interactions in magnetic semiconductors, using optical spectroscopy at the extremes of high magnetic fields and low temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Henley, Christopher Lee [1996]
Cornell University
Citation: For theoretical contributions to the understanding the structure and physics of quasicrystals and related crystalline structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hoff, Arnold J. [1996]
University of Leiden
Citation: For novel and insightful applications of a variety of EPR related techniques to the elucidation of the primary processes in bacterial and green plant photosynthesis.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Holbrow, Charles H. [1996]
Colgate University
Citation: For his leadership in the development of the new modern physics problems project and its contribution to upper-division physics teaching, and for his leadership in bringing modern experimental techniques and instrumentation, especially involving laser physics, into undergraduate classrooms.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Hopfinger, Emil J. [1996]
IMG Domaine Universitaire
Citation: For his enlightening experiments in high Reynolds number turbulent flows, and for his unique experiments in stratified and rotating flows which have helped define the present-day study of geophysical fluid dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Iqbal, Zafar [1996]
Allied Signal, Inc.
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the design, synthesis, understanding, and application of non-conventional electronic, optical, and energetic materials - from porous silicon to polydiacetylenes, high temperature superconductors, and explosives.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Irwin, John [1996]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions to the research, development and application of modern techniques of nonlinear dynamics to accelerator systems, in particular to electron-positron colliding beam devices.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Jacak, Barbara V. [1996]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For her contributions to the development of identified-hadron spectroscopy as a means of probing the space-time evolution of hot hadronic matter formed in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Jensen, Hans Burkal [1996]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership in the construction and operation of the CDF experiment, especially its calorimetry.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Johnson, James Norman [1996]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: In recognition of his pioneering efforts to illuminate the connections between fundamental macro and microscopic properties of real materials and their response to shock waves.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Judge, Darrell Lynn [1996]
University of Southern California
Citation: For his pioneering work on the fundamental properties of atoms and molecules using selected monochromatic photon excitation and dispersed fluorescence, and their applications in space physics.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kash, Jeffrey Alan [1996]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For applications of optical techniques to the understanding of elementary excitations in III-V semiconductors and semiconductor structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Katsouleas, Thomas Christos [1996]
University of Southern California
Citation: For original contributions to advanced particle acceleration concepts including the invention of the Surfatron accelerator, and his detailed studies of beam loading and emittance growth in plasma accelerators.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Kingsley, Jack Dean [1996]
General Electric Corporate R&D (retired)
Citation: For sustained excellence in the science and technology of lasers, lighting, television, displays and medical diagnostic imaging equipment.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Knox, Wayne Harvey [1996]
Bell Laboratories
Citation: For his studies of fundamental physics of ultrafast lasers, development of novel and practical ultrafast lasers, and studies of ultrafast relaxation processes in semiconductors using such lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Koel, Bruce E. [1996]
University Southern California, Los Angeles
Citation: For important contributions to establishing the fundamentals of chemisorption and chemical reactions on bimetallic and alloy surfaces. His work on ordered intermetallic surfaces has discovered new principles of alloy reactivity.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Kohl, John L. [1996]
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Citation: For benchmark laboratory measurements of atomic parameters of exceptional quality and for conception, development and scientific application of a revolutionary, ultraviolet coronagraph for solar spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kolata, James J. [1996]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his overall contributions to nuclear physics and specifically for his work with radioactive beams.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Korepin, Vladimir E. [1996]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of strongly correlated electrons through the study of exactly solvable models.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kortan, Ahmet Refik [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For experimental studies of phase transitions on surfaces, in liquid crystals, and in intercalated systems; and work on new materials such as quasicrystals and fullerenes.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kovar, Dennis G. [1996]
U.S. Department of Energy
Citation: For his work on direct reactions, which provided precise spectroscopic information of importance for our understanding of single-particle states near doubly-magic 208Pb, and which established the angular-momentum dependence in heavy-ion transfer reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Krotscheck, Eckhard [1996]
Texas A&M University
Citation: For contributions to the microscopic theory of quantum fluids , films, clusters and mixtures, and the extension of variational methods to inhomogeneous quantum systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Laane, Jaan [1996]
Texas A & M University
Citation: For the development and application of spectroscopic and computational methods for the determination of vibrational potential energy surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Lamoreaux, Steve Keith [1996]
University of Washington
Citation: For his contributions to the study of fundamental symmetries and precison tests of fundamental physical laws and especially for his contributions to improved experimental limits for the electric dipole moments of the neutron and atoms.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Lee, I Yang [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership and design and implementation of GAMMAsphere, his crucial contributions to the experimental program at GAMMAsphere, and his seminal work on the investigation of the quasi continuum.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Lett, Paul David [1996]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For his seminal contributions to laser cooling and particularly to the study of collisions of laser cooled atoms and the spectroscopy of weakly bound molecules formed in such collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Levine, Barry Franklin [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For creation and analysis of novel quantum well infrared photodetectors and theoretical and experimental work in non-linear optics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lewin, Walter H. G. [1996]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For his outstanding observational work on the time variations and spectra of galactic x-ray sources, and in particular for his studies and interpretations of bursting and pulsating phenomena in binary x-ray sources.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Liberman, Michael A. [1996]
Uppsala University
Citation: For outstanding contributions ranging from laboratory plasma experiments to astrophysical phenomena, particularly in the areas of ionizing shock waves, Z-pinches, flame stability, and laser-produced plasmas.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Litwin, Christof [1996]
University of Wisconsin
Citation: For fundamental contributions in fusion, space and ion diode physics, ranging from ponderomotive force effects on macrostability in tokamaks and mirrors to energy transport in the solar corona.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Lynch, William Gregory [1996]
Michigan State University
Citation: For his pioneering investigations of fragmentation and multifragmentation and his contributions to the understanding of non-equilibrium processes in nuclear collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ma, Ernest [1996]
University of California, Riverside
Citation: For fundamental contributions to gauge theory models and the phenomenology of electroweak interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Mallik, Usha [1996]
University of Iowa
Citation: For making significant contributions to the field of experimental high energy physics, particularly related to measurements of the J/Psi particle produced from electron-positron and electron-proton collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Marlow, Daniel Robert [1996]
Princeton University
Citation: For important contributions to the physics of rare decays of the K meson, and to the integration of electronics into the design of large detectors.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Maron, Yitzhak [1996]
Weizmann Institute of Science
Citation: For pioneering the employment of novel spectroscopic methods to diagnose the field and plasma properties in pulsed-power systems, including the development of the atomic-physics modeling required for the data analysis.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Martinez, Gérard Claude [1996]
CNRS
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of defects, superconductivity, and other many-body effects in semiconductors under conditions of high pressure and magnetic field.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mather, John C. [1996]
Goddard Space Flight Center
Citation: For his advancement of the science of cosmology through precise measurement of the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation and discovery of the first evidence of primordial density inhomogeneities.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Maurer, Robert D. [1996]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental studies of the optical properties of glass that led to the fabrication of the first low-loss optical fibers, now used worldwide for long distance telecommunication.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

McFeely, Fenton Read [1996]
IBM Research Division
Citation: For his creative applications of photoemission techniques to the understanding of materials processes, interfaces and electronic structure, including etching and deposition reactions underlying microelectronics technology.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Melloch, Michael Raymond [1996]
Purdue University
Citation: For innovative epitaxial growth of semiconductor epilayers, quantum wells, and superlattices which have led to new materials, novel devices, and important advances in the physics of nanostructures.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Melott, Adrian Lewis [1996]
University of Kansas
Citation: For groundbreaking studies of the origin and evolution of cosmic structure.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Merkle, Karl L. [1996]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the basic understanding of radiation-induced defects in solids and internal solid interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Merlin, Roberto Daniel [1996]
University of Michigan
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of vibrational and electronic properties of semiconducting and magnetic structures, and of artificial quasiperiodic structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Messiter, Arthur F. [1996]
University of Michigan
Citation: For deep physical insight and careful analysis of complex flow problems, especially the formulation of interactive theories of boundary-layer flows at high Reynolds number.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Meszaros, Peter I. [1996]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For valuable and influential contributions to the theory of radiation processes near magnetized neutron stars, gamma-ray burst sources, black holes and galaxy formation.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Meyer, Hans-Otto [1996]
Indiana University
Citation: For leadership in advancing the technology to use cooled stored beams and internal targets, which has led to new insights on the role of heavy meson exchange in the nucleon-nucleon force from precise measurements of threshold pion production.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Meystre, Pierre [1996]
University of Arizona
Citation: For seminal contributions to the theory of single-atom interactions with quantized radiation, and particularly for the first theory of micromaser action.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Misewich, James Anthony [1996]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the development and application of innovative laser techniques to elucidate fundamental problems in molecular dynamics and molecule-surface interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Moss, Frank Edward [1996]
University of Missouri, St Louis
Citation: For elucidating the structure of turbulent superfluid helium and for the discovery of stochastic resonance in sensory biology.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Murtagh, Michael J. [1996]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions to the study of neutrino interactions including charm and strange production, elastic scattering of electrons and protons, and neutrino oscillations.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Mynick, Harry E. [1996]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For major contributions to the understanding of transport in toroidal systems, including nonaxisymmetric and turbulent transport of thermal and energetic particles in tokamaks and stellarators.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Newrock, Richard Sandor [1996]
University of Cincinnati
Citation: For application of large Josephson junction arrays to the study of two-dimensional phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Nicol, Malcom F. [1996]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For imaginative and insightful applications of Raman spectroscopy to the physics and chemistry of simple systems at high pressures.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Northrup, John E. [1996]
Xerox PARC
Citation: For insights into the structure and electronic properties of semiconductor surfaces, adsorbates, interfaces and defects through the application of first principles calculations.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Olsson, Martin G. [1996]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For highly significant contributions in hadron phenomenology, especially tests of current algebra and QCD, the properties of quarkonium bound states, and the mechanism of quark confinement.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Owens, Joseph Francis, III [1996]
Florida State University
Citation: For important contributions to the phenomenology of large momentum transfer processes and the determination of parton distributions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Parke, Stephen John [1996]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For novel insights into resonant neutrino oscillation and for the introduction of supersymmetric methods in the evaluation of multiparton scattering amplitudes.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Pearsall, Thomas Perine [1996]
University of Washington
Citation: For seminal contributions to the InGaAsP alloy system, a material used in the emitter and detector components of optical fibre communication links.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Peng, Y-K Martin [1996]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of the low aspect ratio "spherical" tokamak concept.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Phinney, E. Sterl [1996]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of black-hole electrodynamics, AGNs and quasars, binary and millisecond pulsars, and globular cluster dynamics; and his method for measuring the intergalactic magnetic field.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Pieper, Steven Charles [1996]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding work in developing computational techniques to address important problems in nuclear physics, in particular to address problems in the many-body theory of nuclei and direct nuclear reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Pinkerton, Frederick E. [1996]
General Motors R&D Center
Citation: For his research on the physics of rare earth-transition metal materials and his contributions to the establishment of a commercial permanent magnet technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Pradhan, Anil Kumar [1996]
Ohio State University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the theory of electron-impact excitation of atoms and ions, providing accurate and important atomic data, and for the application of that data to the study of fusion, solar and astrophysical plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Quate, Calvin F. [1996]
Stanford University
Citation: For his co-creation of atomic force microscopy, his inventive developments of applications of scanning probe microscopies, and his critical role in bringing the technologies to industrial and academic use.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [1996]
Old Dominion University and Jefferson Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering studies of exclusive processes in quantum chromodynamics and applications of QCD sum rules to hadronic form factors.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Rafailovich, Miriam H. [1996]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For insightful studies on the interfacial behavior of polymers
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Read, Nicholas [1996]
Yale University
Citation: For contributions to the quantum many-body theory of strongly interacting electron systems, particularly to the theory of the Quantum Hall Effect.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Reine, Marion B. [1996]
Lockheed Martin IR Imag Lockheed Martin
Citation: For technical leadership in the design and development of innovative photoconductive and photovoltaic HgCdTe devices for advanced infrared detectors.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Reisler, Hanna [1996]
University of Soutern California
Citation: For pioneering research on photon-induced processes in gaseous molecules, including photodissociation, unimolecular decomposition, and collision-induced dissociation.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Rewoldt, Gregory [1996]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For his authorship of comprehensive codes for linear toroidal eigenmodes with realistic geometry and kinetic effects and his extensive contributions to the understanding of microinstabilities in tokamaks.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Richman, Jeffrey D. [1996]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For contributions to our knowledge of B-meson decays, especially the semileptonic decays used to measure the parameters of the quark-mixing matrix.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Rosenblatt, Charles Steven [1996]
Case Western Reserve University
Citation: For his use of intense magnetic and electric fields in the study of liquid crystals and other soft materials.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Roser, Thomas [1996]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the accelerator physics of polarized proton beams, in particular the successful demonstration of the principle of the Partial Siberian Snake.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Rothberg, Lewis Josiah [1996]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For pioneering work furthering applications and manufacturing approaches of organic electronics through fundamental understanding of organic photophysics and transport.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Salmeron, Miquel Batalle [1996]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the development of scanning probe methods and theoretical models for surface science, and for novel dynamics of surface processes.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Sapirstein, Jonathan Robert [1996]
Notre Dame University
Citation: For contributions of fundamental importance to QED theory in atoms, and atomic physics tests of parity nonconservation.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Schmidt, Robert Max [1996]
Boeing Defense & Space Group
Citation: For seminal research that demonstrated the dominant influence of gravity on cratering phenomena and applications to impact cratering of planets and to missile basing: and for spacecraft protection simulation techniques.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Schmidt-Boecking, Horst Werner [1996]
University of Frankfort
Citation: For pioneering work in the development of new devices to study multiparameter cross sections in atomic interactions.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Schweizer, Kenneth Steven [1996]
University of Illinois
Citation: For the pioneering development of microscopic liquid-state theories of the structure, thermodynamics, phase transitions, and dynamics of polymer fluids.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Sekerka, Robert F. [1996]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For outstanding and significant contributions to the theory of cyrstal growth, especially for explaining the role of morphological instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Share, Gerald H. [1996]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For his important gamma-ray line observations of the products of nucleosynthesis, which have advanced our understanding of the production rates and distribution of galactic nucleosynthesis.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Shuryak, Edward V. [1996]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the study of the quark-gluon plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Smith, Wesley Harold [1996]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For systematic investigation of the structure of hadrons using muon, neutrino and electron deep inelastic scattering and for electronic innovations to detector design.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Stachel, Johanna Barbara [1996]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For providing compelling evidence that a hot and dense, nearly equilibrated, fireball is formed in the AGS relativistic heavy ion reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Steen, Paul H. [1996]
Cornell University
Citation: For major contributions to interfacial and nonlinear dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Stith, James H. [1996]
Ohio State University
Citation: For his contributions to physics education on both a national and international scale, especially in the areas of educational standards and assessment, and with regard to involvement of minorities in physics education.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Stoneham, Arthur Marshall [1996]
London Imperial College
Citation: For seminal and extensive contributions to the theory of defects and defect processes in solids through research articles and books, and for the promotion of physics research through effective management.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Suter, Laurance J. [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering work and leadership in the design, modeling, and analysis of experiments using laser heated hohlraums that quantify and control x-ray drive, symmetry, and pulse shaped implosions.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Tandy, Peter Charles [1996]
Kent State University
Citation: For significant contributions to the study of composite particles in nuclear and particle physics.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Taylor, John Joseph [1996]
Electric Power Research Institute (retired)
Citation: For leadership in developing safer reactors, especially the concept of small, passive designs; and for contributions to disposition of plutonium from dismantled nuclear weapons.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Uher, Ctirad [1996]
University of Michigan
Citation: For studies of the low temperature properties of semimetals, metallic multilayers, magnetic superlattices, and high temperature superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Unguris, John [1996]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For the development of experimental methods using polarized electrons applied to studies of surface multilayer magnetism.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ushioda, Sukekatsu [1996]
Tohoku University
Citation: For his contributions to the Raman spectroscopy of surface excitations, and the elucidation of light emission mechanisms from tunneling electrons.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Verney, Marthe Bacal [1996]
Laboratoire de Physique des Millieu
Citation: For her study of negative ion production in hydrogen plasma and the associated development of laser photodetachment diagnostics, and for the development of the volume H- source for neutral beam injection and other applications.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Vilches, Oscar Edgardo [1996]
University of Washington
Citation: For studies of adsorbed monolayer and multilayer films of isotopes of helium and hydrogen.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Vogel, Petr [1996]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For his innovative theoretical work in double-beta decay and in neutrino interactions, including his definitive calculations of reactor neutrino spectra.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Wald, Robert M. [1996]
Enrico Fermi Institute
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of classical and quantum gravity; especially for his seminal role in the development of a rigorous basis for quantum field theory in curved spacetime.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Wang, Gwo-Ching [1996]
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Citation: For her contributions to the fundamental understanding of ordering and scaling in surfaces and overlayers, and for her pioneering work in ultrathin-film magnetic scaling.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Weinstein, Bernard Allen [1996]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For applications of the diamond anvil cell to semiconductor physics, and experimental studies of the effects of pressure on vibrational, optical, and phase-transition phenomena in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Weiss, Rainer [1996]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For his pioneering work in the development of laser-interferometric detectors for gravitational radiation, and his contributions to the study of the spectrum and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Widom, Michael [1996]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For theoretical contributions to our understanding of quasicrystals and the role played by disorder in their stabilization.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Zabel, Hartmut [1996]
Ruhr Universitä Bochum
Citation: For his seminal contributions to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of hydrogen-metal systems, graphite intercalation compounds and magnetic metallic multilayers.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Zimmerman, George B. [1996]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his creation, and subsequent development, of the LASNEX simulation code, which has been used extensively to guide the development of the National ICF program from its inception, to this day.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics