APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Allen, Steven Lynn [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For scientific leadership in the physics of tandem mirrors, generation of intense microwave pulses and their absorption in tokamak plasmas, and in the development of the radiative divertor.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Amusia, Miron Ya [1995]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the discovery of the collective nature of atomic photoionization and prediction of the collectivization of few electron shells under the action of many-electron neighboring shells.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Arimondo, Ennio [1995]
Universita degli Studi di Pisa
Citation: For the interpretation of "dark resonances" in terms of coherent population trapping, and for contributions to nonlinear dynamics and chaos in lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Baktash, Cyrus [1995]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For discoveries of identical bands at normal deformation of band termination in heavy nuclei, superdeformation in the A = 80 region and for seminal studies of shape evolution with spin and temperature.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ball, James Stutsman [1995]
University of Utah
Citation: For contributions to the theoretical understanding of the strong interactions. His development of theoretically based phenomenology and its comparison with experiment have allowed rapid testing of theoretical ideas.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Barletta, William A. [1995]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the combination of plasma devices and electron beams, free electron lasers, and conventional accelerators, as well as to the wise direction of beam physics programs during the last decade.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Baum, Guenter G. [1995]
University of Bielefeld
Citation: For his important contributions to electron and muon deep inelastic scattering, particularly with polarized beams and targets to study QCD sum rules and determine the nucleon's internal spin structure.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Berkowitz, Max L. [1995]
University of North Carolina
Citation: For penetrating theoretical contributions to our understanding of aqueous systems in bulk and at interfaces, and to our understanding of aqueous clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Berry, Guy C. [1995]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For his fundamental studies using rheo-optical methods on dilute and concentrated solutions of flexible branched and rigid-rod liquid crystalline polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Bhatnagar, Ved Prakash [1995]
JET Joint Undertaking
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of both theory and experiment of tokamak reactor-relevant fast-wave antenna design, heating and current drive in the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Blythe, Philip A. [1995]
Lehigh University
Citation: For consistent work of outstanding originality in fluid mechanics and chemically reacting flows. Specifically for seminal contributions to non-equilibrium nozzle flows, shock and detonation processes and buoyancy driven motions.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Boolchand, Punit [1995]
University of Cincinnati
Citation: For Mossbauer studies of chalcogenide glasses that elucidate coordination, cluster formation, and incipient phase separation.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bowen, Kit Hansell, Jr. [1995]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For his pioneering fundamental contributions to our knowledge of negative ion solvation, the electronic structure of metal clusters, the stability and structure of negative ions and the science of nanostructured materials.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Boyer, Larry Lee [1995]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For the formulation, development, and implementation of novel methods of modelling the mechanical and thermodynamic properties of ionic materials.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Brand, Helmut Rainer [1995]
University of Bayreuth
Citation: For his elucidation of novel phenomena in driven complex condensed matter systems, and for his extraordinary success in motivating quantitative experiments relevant to his theoretical work.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Briber, Robert M. [1995]
University of Maryland
Citation: In recognition of fundamental work on the elucidation of the effect of crosslinking on the thermodynamics and phase separation behavior of polymer blends.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Brown, Ian Gordon [1995]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions to applied plasma physics, particularly its use in materials sciences and surface modification as well as development and study of vacuum arc ion sources.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Bruch, Ludwig W. [1995]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For contributions to the theory of physical adsorption and interactions of physically adsorbed atoms on surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bubeck, Robert Allen [1995]
Dow Chemical Company
Citation: For his pioneering synchrotron X-ray scattering studies of technologically important polymer deformation and processing problems.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Bustamante, Carlos J. [1995]
University of Oregon
Citation: For pioneering the application of optical methods and scanning probes in measurements of the properties of single DNA molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Chattopadhyay, Swapan [1995]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering studies of fluctuations, coherence and phase-space cooling and his contributions to the accelerator physics foundation of PEP II, an asymmetric B-factory collider for CP-violation studies.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Chen, Pisin [1995]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions in novel accelerator concepts including the Plasma Wakefield Accelerator and the self-focusing plasma lens, and for contributions to the understanding of the beam-beam interaction in linear colliders, including the discovery of beams
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Chen, Shiyi [1995]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For outstanding research in lattice gas methods involving creative analysis and massive computations at the frontiers of high performance computing; and for contributing fundamental advances in the theory of turbulence.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Chupp, Timothy Edward [1995]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his ingenious use of optical pumping techniques to produce high-density samples of polarized noble gas nuclei, and his exploitation of these samples for precision measurements in atomic, nuclear, and particle physics.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Clayton, Christopher E. [1995]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding of relativistic wave-particle interactions and demonstration of electron acceleration by beat-excited plasma waves.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Cohen, James Samuel [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the application of techniques of theoretical atomic and molecular physics to formation of muonic atoms and molecules, their interactions with normal species, and muon-catalyzed fusion.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Collins, Lee A. [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For distinguished theoretical research in atomic and molecular physics, notably on novel approaches to electron-molecule scattering, electron-atom scattering in intense fields, and the simulation of dense plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cooper, Barbara Hope [1995]
Cornell University
Citation: For her innovative studies of fundamental ion-surface interactions in the hyperthermal energy range, including experiments and simulations to develop accurate interaction potentials and comprehensive studies of ion-surface charge transfer dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Cooper, Martin D. [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the study of lepton number conservation in the decay of the muon and studies of nuclear structure in pion scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Corden, Pierce S. [1995]
US Arms Control & Disarmament Agcy
Citation: For steering the American course towards the goal of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty from the earliest negotiations to the threshold of completion of the accord.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Cormier, Thomas M. [1995]
Wayne State University
Citation: For pioneering research that provided the first direct experimental evidence for 12C-12C nuclear molecular resonances and for the development of the first practical recoil mass spectrometer for use in nuclear studies.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Cotts, Patricia Metzger [1995]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For her contributions to the understanding of the role of chemical architecture on polymer flexibility using static and dynamic light scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Crompton, Robert Woodhouse [1995]
Australian National University
Citation: For his extended and penetrating analysis and use of the swarm method for studying the behavior of slow electrons in gases, and his tireless work for improving physics in Australia.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Cross, Michael C. [1995]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the theory of superfluid 3He, magnetic order in solid 3He, pattern formation near non-equilibrium instability and quantitative understanding of spatiotemporal chaos.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Csanak, George [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For development of many-body Green's function techniques of bound-state and scattering properties of atomic and molecular systems; significant contributions to the theoretical foundation and physical interpretation of electron-photon coincidence experiments, and for contributions to the understanding of electron scattering by laser excited targets.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Davenport, James Whitman [1995]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of new techniques for computing the electronic structure of molecules and solids and for applying them to adsorbed molecules, metallic alloys, and liquid metals.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Davids, Cary N. [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to nuclear astrophysics and in particular for the experimental determinations of important reaction rates associated with nuclear processes that power the stars.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Dawson, Sally [1995]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding work in particle phenomenology, including the effective W approximation and Higgs physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

de la Cruz, Francisco [1995]
CNEA
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of the vortex state in the High Tc superconductors and no less importantly for his impact on our community as an exceptional teacher of young scientists.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Deckman, Harry William [1995]
Exxon Research & Engineering Co.
Citation: For developing an innovative, new approach to microlithography using self-organized mask structure, and for using this approach in developing the hardware for x-ray micromography and in other novel applications.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Dixon, Lance Jenkins [1995]
Stanford University
Citation: For his elucidation of the general principles which connect the theory of superstrings to concrete models of elementary particle physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Domingo, John Jacob [1995]
CEBAF - Jefferson Lab
Citation: For sustained scientific and technical contributions to intermediate energy nuclear physics at the Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research (SIN), and for leading the design and construction of the three experimental facilities at the newly completed Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF).
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Dowdy, Nancy M. [1995]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For her role on treaty verification at the close of the Cold War, for research accomplishments and leadership in the development of synthetic fuels instrumentation, and for leadership and service in behalf of women in physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Dreizler, Reiner Martin [1995]
Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University
Citation: For important contributions to the development and applications of density functional theory and to the theory of atomic collision processes.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Drew, Howard Dennis [1995]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his contribution to the study of the electrodynamic response of superconductors in magnetic fields, and collective effects in semiconductor heterostructures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ehlers, Vernon J. [1995]
New Netherland Institute
Citation: For contributions to atomic physics research, physics education, and dynamic leadership in the pursuit of bettering the health and welfare of science in the United States.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Eigler, Donald M. [1995]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For his achievements in the field of atomic manipulation using a scanning tunneling microscope.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Einstein, Theodore Lee [1995]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his contributions to the theory of interactions between chemisorbed atoms, their consequences for two-dimensional phase transitions and to the theory of measurable properties of vicinal surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ekin, Jack W. [1995]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For his discovery of the superconductor strain scaling law, and his development of low specific resistivity interfaces for oxide superconductors and a superconducting dc transformer.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Elias, Luis R. [1995]
University of Central Florida
Citation: For the development of Free Electron Lasers, based on electrostatic accelerators, and for demonstrating that electrostatic accelerators can operate on a quasi-continuous basis using beam-charge and beam-energy recovery.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Errede, Steven Michael [1995]
University of Illinois
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the nature of the weak gauge bosons.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Fabrikant, Ilya I [1995]
University of Nebraska
Citation: For his studies of electron collisions and Rydberg atom collisions involving the formation of temporary negative ions, and for photodetachment of negative ions in the presence of external static fields.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Fajans, Joel [1995]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For important basic experiments with free electron lasers and nonneutral plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Fetters, Lewis John [1995]
Exxon Research & Engineering Co.
Citation: For developing controlled syntheses of numerous model polymers, and for providing exquisitely tailored materials essential for the critical evaluation of polymer theory.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Fishman, Gerald J. [1995]
Marshall Flight Center
Citation: For pioneering advances in gamma-ray astronomy, particularly his important observations of gamma-ray bursts that suggest a possible cosmological origin.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Fong, Ching-Yao [1995]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For pioneering work in developing theoretical models and applying them to computational studies of the fundamental electronic and vibrational properties of semiconductor systems.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Geller, Margaret J. [1995]
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Citation: For her pioneering contributions to mapping the nearby universe and elucidating the large-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Goldenfeld, Nigel David [1995]
University of Illinois
Citation: For his contribution to theory of non equilibrium systems, and pairing states in high temperature superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gould, Harvey Allen [1995]
Clark University
Citation: For his work in statistical and computational physics, specifically his studies of clusters and the dynamics of first-order phase transitions, and for his work on introducing computer simulations and computational methods into the undergraduate curriculum and to a wider scientific audience.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Green, Peter Fitzroy [1995]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of the dynamics of block copolymer, homopolymer melts and polymer blends and to the behavior of block copolymers near surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Greene, Geoffrey L. [1995]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For contributions to precision measurements on the free neutron, in particular, the determination of the neutron lifetime.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Griffin, Donald Christian [1995]
Rollins College
Citation: For theoretical developments in the fields of relativistic atomic structure and electron collisions with atomic ions, as well as contributions to undergraduate science education.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Grimsditch, Marcos Hugo [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For significant insights into elastic properties, magnetic excitations and phase transitions of solids and their heterostructures obtained through a skillful application of inelastic light scattering techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Griscom, David Lawrence [1995]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the analysis and interpretation of electron spin resonance spectra of transition-group ions, radiation-induced point defects, and ferromagnetic precipitates in glass.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Haddon, Robert Cort [1995]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For work on organic electronic materials, including the prediction and discovery of superconductivity in alkali-doped carbon-60.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hahm, Taik Soo [1995]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions to progress in understanding anomalous transport and enhanced confinement regimes in toroidal plasmas through nonlinear analysis of microinstabilities and the development of the toroidal gyrokinetic formalism.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Haight, Richard Alan [1995]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the development of laser photoemission spectroscopy and for innovative applications of the method to investigate electron dynamics at surfaces and interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Haines, Malcolm Golby [1995]
Imperial College London
Citation: For his leadership of a research group at Imperial College Group and his major contributions to Z-pinches, theta pinches, cusp confinement, inertial confinement and magnetic fields, and stability theory.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Hakonen, Pertti J. [1995]
Helsinki University of Technology
Citation: For his experimental investigations on vortex structures in superfluid 3He and studies of nuclear ordering in metals at positive and negative subnanokelvin temperatures.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Hall, Dennis Gene [1995]
University of Rochester
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of optical phenomena in thin metal films, in semiconductors, and in optical waveguides.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Halperin, William P. [1995]
Northwestern University
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of liquid and solid 3He, particularly the discovery of magnetic order in solid 3He, and fundamental investigations of collective excitations in the superfluid phases.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Harrington, Rodney Elbert [1995]
University of Nevada
Citation: For elucidating DNA structure in chromatin, and the sequence basis of DNA bending.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Heckel, Blayne [1995]
University of Washington
Citation: For performing precise tests of fundamental symmetries, especially parity and time reversal, using neutrons, nuclei, and atoms, and for carrying out sensitive searches for new forces of macroscopic range.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Heinrich, Bretislav Victor [1995]
Simon Fraser University
Citation: For the elucidation of loss of ferromagnetic resonance in metals; for the contribution to the invention of ferromagnetic antiresonance; for adapting molecular beam epitaxy to studies of exchange interactions and anisotropies in the highest quality ultrathin magnetic films.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Heller, Kenneth Jeffrey [1995]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For his contributions to the discovery and exploration of inclusive hyperon polarization and the use of this phenomenon to make precise measurements of the hyperon magnetic moments.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hemley, Russell Julian [1995]
Carnegie Institute
Citation: For advancing ultra high-pressure of condensed matters and for discovering new materials, transitions, and properties at high pressures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hestenes, David Orlin [1995]
Arizona State University
Citation: For elucidating the relevance of cognitive science to physics education, establishing the deficiency of standard lecture methods, developing superior pedagogy, and constructing a new mathematical language for research and education.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Higdon, James Conway [1995]
The Claremont Colleges
Citation: For his important work on interplanetary and interstellar turbulence and his innovative studies of gamma ray bursts, cosmic rays, pulsars, novae, supernovae, and galactic nucleosynthesis.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Ho, Kai Ming [1995]
Iowa State University
Citation: In recognition of his contributions to electronic structure calculation for the study of surface geometry's and lattice dynamics, and for his work on photonic band gap materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ho, Wilson [1995]
Cornell University
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the field of photophysics and photochemistry on solid surfaces, especially in the elucidation of the fundamental mechanisms and photochemical dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Hu, Evelyn Lynn [1995]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For contributions to the fabrications and study of low dimensional structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hulet, Randall G. [1995]
Rice University
Citation: For his contributions to a broad range of important problems in atomic and optical physics including cavity quantum electrodynamics, quantum jumps, ion storage, and laser cooling of atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Hwa, Rudolph C. [1995]
University of Oregon
Citation: For contributions to the study of soft hadronic processes in high energy collisions, signatures of quark gluon plasma, fractal structure in multiparticle production and phase transition.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Imbusch, George Francis [1995]
University College
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of the static and dynamical processes which affect the optically excited states of luminescent materials.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Jackson, Warren Bruce [1995]
Xerox PARC
Citation: For pioneering research in the fundamental properties of amorphous semiconductors, including seminal studies of the intrinsic electronic density of states and metastable mechanisms and processes, and for the application of photothermal deflection spectroscopy to address a wide range of problems in hydrogenated amorphous silicon.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Jackson, William Morgan [1995]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For his fundamental contributions to experimental chemical dynamics and his original use of lasers in pioneering work in astrochemistry.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Johnson, Anthony M. [1995]
New Jersey Institute of Technology
Citation: For his contributions to ultrafast optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, including high speed semiconductor sampling gates, optical pulse compression and tunable ultrafast laser sources.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Kalmus, Peter I.P. [1995]
Queen Mary & Westfield College
Citation: For his many contributions to experimental particle physics, to teaching, to international cooperation in science and to the public understanding of physics.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Kato, Yoshiaki [1995]
Osaka University
Citation: For development of beam smoothing techniques and high power lasers and demonstration of their effectiveness for irradiation uniformity improvement and plasma instability supression; and for his contributions to x-ray lasers.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Keister, Bradley D. [1995]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For important contributions to the development of relativistic descriptions of few body systems.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Kemper, Kirby Wayne [1995]
Florida State University
Citation: For sustained contributions, using Lithium-induced nuclear reactions and scattering, to the understanding of exotic highly excited states in light nuclei, including vector and tensor spin-dependent effects.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Kennedy, Thomas Albert [1995]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For advances in the identification and properties of defects in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kevan, Stephen D. [1995]
University of Oregon
Citation: For his pioneering work in the use of high-resolution photoemission spectroscopy (synchrotron radiation) to elucidate the interplay between electronic properties and structure at surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Klein, Barry M. [1995]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For his contributions to the theory of electronic and vibrational properties of solids, and for building and leading dynamic research groups.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Koelling, Dale D. [1995]
U.S. Department of Energy
Citation: For seminal contributions to the computational theory of the electronic properties of crystalline materials, especially rare earths and actinides, and for providing direction and leadership to the DoE computational science community.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Krakauer, Henry [1995]
College of William & Mary
Citation: For outstanding accomplishments in formulating and implementing the all-electron description of the electronic structure and related physical properties of complex crystalline solids and their surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Lahiri, Syamal Kumar [1995]
Nanyang Technological University
Citation: For his pioneering contributions in elucidating stress relaxation properties of thin films and in the development of thin film materials for the study and application of high quality Josephson tunnel junctions.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Lannin, Jeffrey S. [1995]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For pioneering contributions toward the understanding of the structure and dynamics of liquids, amorphous solids and fullerenes as deduced from Raman and neutron scattering methods.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Lehmann, Kevin K. [1995]
Princeton University
Citation: For fundamental contributions to our knowledge of molecular dynamics. In particular, by means of eigenstate-resolved spectroscopy and rigorous theory, he has dramatically advanced our understanding of intra-molecular vibrational energy redistribution.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Levy, Mel Philip [1995]
Tulane University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding and advancement of the mathematical foundations of density functional theory, and for revealing key properties of the exact density functional.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lieber, Charles M. [1995]
Harvard University
Citation: For innovative contributions to the synthesis and characterization of transitional metal chalcogenides, carbon nitrides, and high temperature superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Liebovitch, Larry S. [1995]
Florida Atlantic University
Citation: For advancing the physics of fractals and chaos and using these methods to analyze and understand biological systems
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Lomdahl, Peter Sejersen [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his outstanding work on the development and application of large-scale Langevin and Molecular Dynamics simulation techniques to problems in nonlinear condensed matter physics and materials science.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Luther, Gabriel [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his ingenious and precise measurements of the Newtonian gravitational constant and for contributions to the determination of the velocity of light.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

MacGowan, Brian James [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For developing and demonstrating short wavelength x-ray lasers and for optimizing and characterizing the plasma x-ray amplifier.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Mackenzie, Paul Blanchard [1995]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his substantial contributions to the application of lattice field theory to the solution of particle physics problems.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Manickam, Janardhan [1995]
Princeton University
Citation: For his extensive contributions to the understanding of magneto-hydrodynamic plasma processes, discovery of the "infernal mode," and stewardship of the PEST code - a universal tool for assessing tokamak stability properties.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Mann, William Anthony [1995]
Tufts University
Citation: For two decades of outstanding contributions to the study of neutrino interactions at accelerators and the properties of cosmic-ray neutrinos using large underground detectors.


Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Mansour, Nagi Nicholas [1995]
NASA Ames Research Center
Citation: For his leading role in the use of numerical simulations to investigate fundamental problems of fluid mechanics including turbulence and drop and bubble flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Marsh, Gerald E. [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For more than fifteen years of technical-policy contributions to nuclear arms control issues, including the comprehensive test ban, strategic defense, nuclear-naval strategy, and information-security reform, all in addition to contributions in various areas of theoretical and applied physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Marx, Jay N. [1995]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership of the successful construction of the Advanced Light Source (ALS), the first of the third generation sychrotron light sources in the U.S.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Matalon, Moshe [1995]
Northwestern University
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the mathematical theory of flame propagation including the dynamics and stability of flame fronts, and to the mathematical modeling of diverse combustion problems.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Matzner, Richard Alfred [1995]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For his analyses in general relativity of a wide range of astrophysical phenomena, especially his numerical simulations of strong-field gravitational systems and the gravitational radiation they produce.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Mauel, Michael E. [1995]
Columbia University
Citation: For investigations of new, high poloidal beta tokamak operating regimes using modified current profiles and for the investigation of collisionless instabilities of magnetically-trapped, hot electron mirror plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

May, Michael M. [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For high scientific quality and demonstrated personal integrity devoted to the cause of decreasing the threat of nuclear war and developing an international regime of arms control.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

McDonald, Donald G. [1995]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For contributions to submillimeter wave and infrared applications of superconductivity.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Meshkov, Natalia Kalfe [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For her use of scientific approaches to environmental problems and for her pioneering work in establishing programs for women in science.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Milchberg, Howard Michael [1995]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his research on high-temperature, ultra-dense plasmas and studies of X-ray emission and optical guiding by laser generated plasma structures.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Miller, James Paul [1995]
Boston University
Citation: For the development of a high resolution NaI detector and the performance of pioneering experiments on nuclear Compton scattering and radiative kaon capture utilizing this device which paved the way for the design and construction of other high resolution calorimeters.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Molzon, William R. [1995]
University of California
Citation: For contributions to the study of K-meson interactions, including a leading role in initiating and executing the most sensitive search for muon and electron number violation in kaon decays.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Morris, Philip John [1995]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For contributions to the aeroacoustics and stability of supersonic jets, the hydrodynamic stability of compliant wall boundary layers and the modeling of large scale structures in turbulent free shear flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Moseley, Samuel Harvey, Jr. [1995]
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Citation: For his contributions to instrumentation in astrophysics, especially his conception and development of the X-ray microcalorimeter and his studies of the SN1987A fine structure lines of iron with long-wavelength infrared detectors.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Mossberg, Thomas W. [1995]
University of Oregon
Citation: For his work on optical resonance and cavity quantum electrodynamics, including the imaginative use of dressed-atom effects to control atomic dynamics and create new mechanisms for optical gain.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Nakayama, Tsuneyoshi [1995]
Hokkaido University
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of the dynamics of fractal structures by large-scale computer simulations and of the Kapitza resistance at millikelvin temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Nieminen, Risto Matti [1995]
Helsinki University of Technology
Citation: For developing and applying theoretical and computational techniques in several areas of condensed matter and materials physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Nishikawa, Tetsuji [1995]
Science Univesity of Tokyo
Citation: For technical contributions and leadership in Japan's high energy physics and other scientific programs.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Norman, Michael Ray [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For studies of correlated electrons and their magnetic and superconducting properties by modeling of real materials using ab-initio calculations.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ohnuma, Shoroku [1995]
Houston University
Citation: For development of the theory and practice of magnet selection according to measured field errors resulting in suppression of nonlinear behavior and highly predictable operation of the Fermilab Tevatron.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Onuchic, Jose Nelson [1995]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For advancing our understanding of electron transfer in complex molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Orr, Robert Steell [1995]
University of Toronto
Citation: For co-discovery of B0 - B0 mixing, contributions to the understanding of charged and neutral current neutrino scattering and for leadership in the development of the ZEUS and SDC experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Ortiz, Carmen [1995]
IBM Research Division
Citation: For her sustained contributions to the understanding of the materials science underlying the thin films essential to optical and magnetic applications.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Pinnington, Eric H. [1995]
University of Alberta
Citation: For his extensive studies of highly ionized and excited atoms and the development of new techniques for the precise determination of lifetimes and oscillator strengths of cosmological significance.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Powell, Robert Louis [1995]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For contributions to the fluid mechanics of suspensions and the development of experimental techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Prasad, Paras N. [1995]
State University of New York, Buffalo
Citation: For pioneering work on phonon-phonon and electron-phonon interactions and phase transitions in molecular solids and especially on the study, modeling and design of nonlinear optics of molecular and polymeric materials.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Pratt, Stephen Turnham [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to molecular physics through imaginative and innovative studies that probe electron-nuclear coupling, and, in particular, for his elegant experiments on molecular photoionization, predissociation, autoionization, and excited-state reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Quin, Paul Anthony [1995]
University of Wisconsin
Citation: For numerous contributions to symmetry tests in nuclear beta-decay and critical assessment of the field.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Quinn, Terence John [1995]
BIPM - Bureau Intntl des Poids et Mesures
Citation: For his high accuracy measurements of the values of important fundamental constants of physics and for his seminal contributions to thermometry, absolute radiometry, and mass metrology.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Rayfield, George W. [1995]
University of Oregon
Citation: For definitive experimental proof for quantized vortex rings in superfluid helium; for high precision studies on phase transitions in monolayers; for extensive studies on the optical and electrical properties of bacteriorhodopsin, and ensuing device applications.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Remington, Bruce A. [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For exceptionally thorough experiments clearly demonstrating the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in x-ray accelerated targets and for quantitative comparison with theory.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Reynolds, Peter James [1995]
Office of Naval Research
Citation: For his pioneering work on combining the renormalization group method with Monte Carlo simulations in the study of statistical problems, for his contributions to quantum Monte Carlo simulations, and for his service to the physics community through his activities as a Program Officer at the Office of Naval Research.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Roberson, Charles Wayne [1995]
Office of Naval Research
Citation: In recognition of his seminal contributions to free electron laser beam quality, stellarator focusing of intense beams and outstanding beam plasma experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Robinson, Ian Keith [1995]
University of Illinois
Citation: For contributions to the science of surfaces and interfaces studied with X-ray scattering techniques and in particular for increasing our understanding of important Si surfaces and interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Rotblat, Joseph [1995]
PUGWASH
Citation: For forty years of dedicated effort to alert the world to the dangers of nuclear weapons and to bring together scientists and citizens of many nations in this endeavor.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Rothschild, Richard Eiseman [1995]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For his seminal work in determining the spectra and time variations of cosmic X-ray sources, and for his innovative development of instrumentation for these studies.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Roy, Probir [1995]
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Citation: For his many original contributions to Particle Physics and specifically for the exclusion of a light gravitino on the basis of sound theoretical arguments.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Rudaz, Serge [1995]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For original and influential contributions to the phenomenology of heavy quarks, supersymmetry and grand unification, and particle astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Sapoval, Bernard [1995]
Ecole Polytechnioque , France
Citation: For his outstanding work, on semiconductors, on disordered systems and fractals - diffusion fronts, interfaces in electrochemistry and catalysis, vibration modes of fractal drums; and for his leadership in fostering scientific collaborations worldwide.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Sauthoff, Ned Robert [1995]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For seminal contributions to the application of X-ray diagnostics to the study of sawteeth and disruptions in tokamaks, and for distinction in the leadership and management of important research projects.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Scher, Harvey [1995]
The Weizmann Institute
Citation: For inaugurating the field of time scale invariant transport in disordered systems which has since impacted other areas such as reaction, energy transfer and glassy relaxation.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Schetzina, Jan Frederick [1995]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For his extensive contributions to the development and understanding of II - VI materials and devices.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Schlesinger, Mordechay [1995]
University of Windsor
Citation: For the development of the unitary group approach to the theory of complex spectra and pioneering studies of impurity ion spectra in crystals.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Schneider, Dieter Herbert [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of ion-atom collisions through electron spectroscopy and for his experiments elucidating the collision dynamics of very highly charged ions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Schrvder, Wolf-Udo [1995]
University of Rochester
Citation: For contributions to an understanding of the dynamics of energetic nuclear collisions in terms of microscopic transport processes, and in particular the demonstration of the relevance of multi-nucleon exchange in heavy-ion reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Seeman, John Theodore [1995]
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Citation: For his contributions to the physics of electron-positron colliding beam machines, both storage rings and linear accelerators.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Shaing, Ker-Chung [1995]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his seminal theoretical contributions to neoclassical transport in non axisymmetric toroidal plasmas, to the connections between neoclassical and turbulent transport and to the theory of L-H transitions in toroidal plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Shelton, Robert N. [1995]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For his contributions to low temperature, high pressure studies of superconducting and magnetic materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shepard, Kenneth Wayne [1995]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For seminal contributions to the development of superconducting niobium radio-frequency accelerating structures and associated cryogenics and controls leading to the successful construction of the first superconducting ion accelerator.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Shur, Michael S. [1995]
University of Virginia
Citation: For his contributions to physics of ballistic transport in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Silk, Joseph I. [1995]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For his pioneering role in understanding the cosmic microwave background radiation and the formation of large-scale structure in the universe, and in recognition of the bridges he helped establish between particle and nuclear physics and cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Snow, Joel A. [1995]
Iowa State University
Citation: For leadership in formulation and analysis of science policy, effective communication of science to the public, accomplishments in science management and administration, and support of women and minorities in physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Song, Jin-Joo [1995]
Oklahoma State University
Citation: For her pioneering nonlinear optical mixing experiments in condensed phases and for contributions to semiconductor quantum well characterization through innovative laser spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Stockbauer, Roger L. [1995]
Louisiana State University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to atomic, molecular, optical, and condensed matter physics through the design and implementation of sophisticated instrumentation that has served as the genesis for new fields of research.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Stoler, Paul [1995]
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Citation: For many important experimental contributions, using electromagnetic and hadronic probes, to our understanding of the properties of pions, nucleons and excited baryons and their interactions in nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Strait, Edward J. [1995]
General Atomics
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding and improvement of the stability of high beta tokamak plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Taub, Haskell Joseph [1995]
University of Missouri, Columbia
Citation: For his studies of the structure and dynamics of adsorbed monolayer and multilayer films, with particular focus on the influence of dimensionality and molecular shape on melting and crystal growth.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Thompson, Julia A. [1995]
University of Pittsburgh
Citation: For her contributions to our understanding of a broad range of particle physics phenomena through experimentation and instrumentation development, and for her continued efforts to encourage participation in physics by high school students and under represented groups.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Tsao, Jeffrey Y. [1995]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the thin film and surface science underlying semiconductor epitaxy and processing.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Van Harlingen, Dale J. [1995]
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Citation: For his investigation of the phase coherence and quantum phenomena in superconductors and the experimental determination of the symmetry of the pairing state, in high-Tc superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Vanderbilt, David [1995]
Rutgers University
Citation: For contributions in condensed matter theory, including pseudo potential, polarization theory, surfaces stress, and structural phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Vardeny, Zeev Valentine [1995]
University of Utah
Citation: For his pioneering work on the application of photomodulation techniques and picosecond spectroscopy to the study of conducting polymers, fullerenes, amorphous semiconductors and high temperature superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Weaver, Thomas A. [1995]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his crucial contributions to our understanding of massive stars and their evolution, supernovae, and the origin of the chemical elements.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Wender, Stephen A. [1995]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For development of innovative techniques and unique facilities for studying scattering and capture reactions with polarized and unpolarized fast neutron beams.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

West, John Bailey [1995]
Daresbury Laboratory
Citation: For seminal contributions to understanding of electron correlation effects and resonant phenomena in photoionization of atoms and molecules, through pioneering work in the application of photo-ion and angle resolved photo-electron spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

White, Alice Elizabeth [1995]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For contributions to the study of transport phenomena in metallic thin films and for her work on buried silicide films formed by ion implantation.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Wiersma, Douwe Alle [1995]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to chemical physics, non-linear spectroscopy and ultrafast dynamics of complex molecular systems.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Woolley, Richard Guy [1995]
Nottingham Trent University
Citation: For fundamental advances in the proper quantum description of molecules and their interaction with radiation.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Yao, York-Peng Edward [1995]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his important contributions to the quantization of gauge theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking and many interesting calculations in the standard model.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Zerner, Michael C. [1995]
University of Florida
Citation: For development of semi-empirical theory of electronic structure of large molecules, and its application to determination of molecular structure and spectra.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics