APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Abraham, Neal Broadus [1994]
Bryn Mawr College
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of laser instabilities and to physics education.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ahearne, John F. [1994]
United States Nuclear Regulatory Committee
Citation: For wise counsel and leadership on matters of nuclear reactor safety, waste management, and risk management.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Ahluwalia, Harjit Singh [1994]
University of New Mexico
Citation: For pioneering and substantive contributions to the understanding of the relation between cosmic ray modulations of ground level detectors and solar activity.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Alexander, John M. [1994]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For his many original contributions to studies of heavy ion reaction mechanisms, and for his work in clarifying the dynamical and statistical aspects of compound nucleus formation and decay.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Anandan, Jeeva Satchith [1994]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For his contributions to the study of quantum phases and the geometry of quantum theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Armentrout, Peter B. [1994]
University of Utah
Citation: For ion beam studies of molecular dynamics, chemical kinetics and thermochemistry of gas phase reactions, especially those involving transition metal atomic ions and clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Aydemir, Ahmet Yasar [1994]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For the development of three-dimensional nonlinear incompressible resistive-MHD simulations and their application to dynamo action in reverse field pinches; and for numerical investigations of the trigger mechanism for fast sawtooth crashes in tokamaks.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Balantekin, A. Baha [1994]
Stanford University
Citation: For his development and use of symmetry concepts in nuclear structure, heavy ion fusion dynamics, and particle production in high-energy collisions, and for his work on the solar neutrino problem.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Banavar, Jayanth R. [1994]
University of Maryland
Citation: For studies of spin glasses, porous media and fluids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Barrett, Harrison Hooker [1994]
University of Arizona
Citation: For important contributions to medical physics and imaging science, particularly to the theory and practice of radionuclide imaging in nuclear medicine.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Ben-Zvi, Ilan [1994]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the development of superconducting quarter wave resonator structures and superconducting radio frequency quadrupoles for the acceleration of heavy ion beams and to the development of the Accelerator Test Facility and BNL.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Bernhardt, Paul Allan [1994]
National Research Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering work in the area of ionospheric modification with chemical releases and high power radio waves.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Betts, R. Russell [1994]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of nuclear structure, including high-spin states in the as-shell and the connections between clustering and deformation, and for his leadership of the APEX experiment.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Bisognano, Joseph John [1994]
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
Citation: For his research into the theory of collective and statistical phenomena in particle beams, including stochastic cooling and instabilities and application of these results to the design and operation of accelerators.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Bloomfield, Louis Aub [1994]
University of Virginia
Citation: For seminal contributions to the understanding of magnetism in clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Brady, John Francis [1994]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the fundamental understanding of transport processes in heterogeneous media, particularly the diffusive and rheological behavior of microstructured fluids, and for the invention and development of Stokesian Dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Braun-Munzinger, Peter [1994]
AGS Laboratories
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of medium energy and relativistic heavy ion reactions, including the observations and elucidation of energy flow and nuclear stopping and his studies of hard photons.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Brown, Harold [1994]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For employing quantitative physics results to solve thorny diplomatic and arms control problems, particularly during the negotiations of the Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Bruch, Reinhard Frank [1994]
University of Nevada, Reno
Citation: For his innovative work on Auger electron spectra of few electron systems, atomic and molecular collision processes, spectroscopy and collision dynamics of complex many-body systems and absolute cross section measurements in the EUV.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Campbell, Charles Edwin [1994]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to the theory of quantum fluids and other strongly correlated many-body systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Carmichael, John Howard [1994]
The University of Auckland
Citation: For contributions to the quantum theory of light, its generation, detection, and interaction with atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ceyer, Sylvia Teresse [1994]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: In recognition of thorough and insightful contributions to the field of surface science that have advanced our understanding of the dynamics of chemical reactions on surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Chen, Chung-Hsuan Winston [1994]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his fundamental contributions to chemical kinetics studies and the development of several ultra-sensitive detection methods by laser spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Cheng, Stephen Z.D. [1994]
University of Akron
Citation: For extensive structural and kinetic studies of crystallization and microstructure formation in polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Chiang, Shirley [1994]
University of California, Davis
Citation: For advances in real space imaging of surface structure by scanning tunneling and force microscopies, especially molecular identification, imaging of metals and alloys, and atomic-scale frictional forces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Chiarotti, Gianfranco [1994]
University of Roma
Citation: For development of optical modulation spectroscopy and for studies of electronic states at point defects and at surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Chodos, Alan A. [1994]
Yale University
Citation: In recognition of contributions to the bag model of hadron and to theories of gravitation and other forces in more than four dimensions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Christensen, Niels Tage Egede [1994]
Denmark
Citation: For ab initio calculations of the electronic structure and of physical propterties of solids
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Cohen, Philip Ira [1994]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to understanding epitaxial growth and in developing reflection high-energy electron diffraction as a quantitative in situ characterization technique.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Cooper, Richard K. [1994]
Queen's University
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of cumulative beam-breakup in induction and rf linacs, his role in bringing 3-D electromagnetic solvers to fruition and his early calculations of high gain FELs.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Copland, Michael Alan [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For careful and cleverly-designed experiments contributing to the understanding of the electronic structure of molecules, the dynamics of electron- and ion-molecule scattering, and solar wind and comet-tail composition.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Crothers, Derrick Samuel F. [1994]
Queen's University
Citation: For his distinguished research on atomic collision theory including the development of continuum distorted wave methods and the quantum theory of Wannier threshold ionization.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Curran, Donald Robert [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: In recognition of his substantial contributions to the field of shock-wave physics. In particular for his outstanding leadership in the shock-wave community and for his fundamental contributions to the understanding of dynamic failure in solids.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Dashen, Roger F. [1994]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: In recognition of his outstanding contributions to our understanding of the theory of strong interactions, and for his seminal work in the development of modern quantum field theories.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Dine, Michael [1994]
University of California, Santa Cruz
Citation: For his elucidation of dynamical mechanisms central to the construction of unified theories of the fundamental interactions, including seminal works on the origin of supersymmetry breaking and on baryongenesis.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Donald, Athene Margaret [1994]
University of Cambridge
Citation: For her research into the mechanisms of high temperature crazing, as well as morphology and phase behavior in liquid crystalline polymer systems.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Dreizler, Reiner Martin [1994]
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Citation: For important contributions to the development and application of density functional theory and to the theory of atomic collision process.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Dubin, Daniel Herschel Eli [1994]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the theory of trapped pure ion plasmas, liquids and crystals, including predictions of the microscopic order of the equilibrium state and of the normal modes of oscillation about that state.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Ecke, Robert Everett [1994]
Los Alamos Science Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to thermal convection, including universal transition to chaos in 3He-superfluid-4He mixtures and traveling waves, vortices, and pattern dynamics in rotating convection.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Economou, Eleftherios N. [1994]
University of Crete
Citation: For contributions to the theory of disordered systems including mobility edges and localization of classical waves.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Eesley, Gary Lynn [1994]
General Motors Research Laboratories
Citation: For ultrafast optical studies of energy transport in metals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Epstein, Gerald Lewis [1994]
Department of Homeland Security
Citation: For technical analysis on international security and energy matters in which he directed the Congressional Office on Technology Assessment studies on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Erb, Karl A. [1994]
National Science Foundation
Citation: For his leadership and service to the community in the administration of science, and for his studies of nuclear structure with heavy ions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Fetter, Steven Alan [1994]
Stanford University
Citation: For scientific analysis on international security issues, especially his treatment of the Comprehensive Test Ban issues, and for service to policy makers in the departments of State and Defense.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Fiedler, Heinrich Edwin [1994]
Institute for Aerospace Research, Canada
Citation: For his archival experiments on the turbulent shear flows, especially mixing layers and jets.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Fink, Manfred K. [1994]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For the extension of high energy electron scattering to high temperature compounds, biological molecules, the determination of molecular charge densities and state selected molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Fowler, Michael [1994]
University of Virginia
Citation: For the application of the Bethe Ansatz method to the solution of challenging problems in one-dimensional systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Friedland, Lazar [1994]
Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University
Citation: For pioneering work on autoresonant wave interaction, on multi-dimensional mode conversion, on order-reduction in multi-component geometric optics, and for the theory of free electron lasers with guide magnetic field.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Fuller, George M. [1994]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For work in modern nuclear astrophysics,especially the role of weak interactions in the dynamics of compact objects and in cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Garbincius, Peter Henry [1994]
Fermilab
Citation: For his leadership in support of Fermilab's particle physics research program in many areas, including as Head of the Research Division, and his many contributions to Fermilab's photoproduction experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gardner, Kenn Corwin Hancock [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to determinations of polymer structures by X-ray methods, especially polyamides, poly ether ketones and polysaccarides, and for his development of necessary software and instrumentation.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Gates, Sylvester James [1994]
University of Maryland, College Park
Citation: For his work on the mathematical structure of supersymmetric o-models and extended supergravity theories. For his pedagogical activity in the field of theoretical physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gay, Timothy James [1994]
University of Nebraska
Citation: For his studies of fundamental atomic collision processes, particularly with regard to to spin-dependent effects, and for important contributions to the development of polarized electron technology.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Glownia, James Henry [1994]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the discovery and development of UV and VUV ultrafast laser sources, and for advances in femtosecond-time-domain studies of elementary chemical reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Goldstein, David [1994]
United States Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For playing a leading role in enactment of energy efficiency laws and regulations in the United States.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Gornik, Erich [1994]
Technical University of Muenchen
Citation: For contributions in semiconductor physics, particularly far-infrared emission spectroscopy, development of tunable far-infrared semiconductor laser, and tunneling spectroscopy in low-dimensional structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gottlieb, Steven A. [1994]
Indiana University
Citation: For leadership in large scale computations of hadronic properties, including the calculation of coupling constants, the mass spectrum, and the quark gluon plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Gourley, Paul Lee [1994]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding and application of artificially structured and bulk semiconductor materials through the use of laser/optical spectroscopies and microscopies.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Groebner, Richard Joseph [1994]
General Atomics
Citation: For significant experimental contributions to our knowledge of anomalous ion thermal transport and changes in the edge radial electric field at the L-H transition in tokamaks.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Gupta, Rajan [1994]
Los Alamos Science Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to numerical simulations in lattice quantum chromodynamics and the Monte Carlo renormalization group.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Haan, Steven W. [1994]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering work in the theory and modeling of hydrodynamic instabilities and mix in ICF targets, and for leadership in the design and analysis of ignition and gain in ICF targets.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Halzen, Francis Louis [1994]
University of Wisconsin
Citation: For outstanding contributions to parton model and QCD phenomenology, and innovative particle astrophysics research.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Harakeh, Mishin Nayef [1994]
University of Groningen
Citation: For his many significant, pioneering and continuing contributions to the field of giant resonances and for his leadership in numerous international collaborations.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Harris, Jeffrey Hunter [1994]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the understanding of fluctuations in stellarator plasmas through experimental measurements with multiple techniques and comparison with theory.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Harrison, Michael Arthur [1994]
Michigan State University
Citation: For outstanding contribution to the development, construction and operation of superconducting colliders.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Harter, William George [1994]
University of Arkansas
Citation: For the development of novel and semiclassical and graphical theories which contributed to better understanding, analysis and prediction of complex electronic spectra of atoms and molecules, and high resolution rotation-vibration of symmetric polyatomic molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Hess, Karl [1994]
University of Illinois
Citation: For contributions to nonlinear electronic transport in semiconductors and in quantum well heterostructures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hudgens, Jeffrey Warren [1994]
National Bureau of Standards
Citation: For pioneering spectroscopic studies which established resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization spectroscopy as a powerful method for discovering and characterizing electronic states of molecular free radicals and transient molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Hudson, Hugh Steven [1994]
University of California, Berkeley - Space Sciences Laboratory
Citation: For observational and interpretational studies of solar processes, including energetic emissions during flares and time variations of solar irradiance.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Hui, Sek Wen [1994]
University of Buffalo
Citation: For innovative application of electron diffraction and other physical methods to elucidate membrane and liquid crystal structures, phase transition and membrane fusion mechanisms.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Ioffe, Boris Lazarevich [1994]
Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow
Citation: For the proof of light-cone dominance of deep inelastic lepton-hadron scattering and that in QCD, the baryon masses and magnetic moments are caused by quark vacuum condensate.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Jackson, Harold E. [1994]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to photoneutron studies of nuclear structure and to our understanding of intermediate energy nuclear reactions induced by pions and electrons.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Jacobs, Ralph Raymond [1994]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental and applied contributions to the research and development for a wide variety of gaseous, solid, and liquid laser media.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Jakobsson, Erik [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the elucidation of ion transport through biological membranes by computer modeling of polypeptide, ion and water motions.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Jasinski, Joseph Martin [1994]
IBM Research Center
Citation: For the spectroscopic elucidation of transient and long-lived chemical intermediates in chemical vapor deposition processes and for the development of gas phase preparative methods for the synthesis of silicon nanoparticles.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Jean, Yanching Jerry [1994]
University of Missouri, Kansas City
Citation: For significant contributions to recent developments of position annihilation spectroscopy for the characterization of atomic scale free-volume hole properties in polymeric materials.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Jones, Barbara A. [1994]
Center for Astrophysics & Space Sciences
Citation: For pioneering development of state-of-the-art infrared instrumentation, the design of the next generation of large telescopes, and their use to make forefront observations of infrared sources.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Kachru, Ravinder [1994]
Columbia University
Citation: For the application of photon echoes in fundamental atomic physics and optical data storage.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Kallin, Catherine [1994]
McMaster University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of correlations between electrons in low-dimensional systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kapitulnik, Aharon [1994]
Stanford University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of high Tc superconductors, particularly the vortex lattice and time-reversal symmetry.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kim, Kwang-Je [1994]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of synchrotron radiation and free electron laser sources, especially concerning brightness, polarization, self-amplified spontaneous emission and laser-driven rf electron guns.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Kim, Mahn Won [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to experimental complex fluid physics.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

King, Hubert Ellis [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of liquids under extreme pressure.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Kirczenow, George [1994]
Simon Fraser University
Citation: For his several contributions to our understanding of electron-hole liquids, excitons, ballistic electronic transport, and the energies and kinetics of staging in graphite intercalation compounds.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Kirkpatrick, Theodore Ross [1994]
University of Maryland, College Park
Citation: For studies in condensed matter theory including light scattering far from equilibrium, long-time tails, acoustic localization, structural glasses, and metal-insulator transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Klemm, Richard Andrew [1994]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For work on the theory of anisotropic and layered superconductors in magnetic fields, involving both microscopic and phenomenological models.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ko, Che-Ming [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his studies of transport models and collective effects in heavy ion collisions. His research on subthreshold particle production provides an important window on nuclear dynamics at high densities.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Krusius, Matti [1994]
Helsinki University of Technology
Citation: For contributions to low temperatures physics including vortex structures in rotating superfluid. 3He, acoustic and magnetic studies of superfluid. 3he, and spin polarized hydrogen.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Kubodera, Kuniharu [1994]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of weak and electromagnetic interactions in nuclei, including his important studies of exchange current contributions to axial charge operator.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Kuczkowski, Robert L. [1994]
University of Michigan
Citation: For pioneering applications of microwave spectroscopy to larger molecules, reaction mechanisms and van der Waals complexes whose structure and energetics have been relevant to physical, surface, analytical, organic, inorganic and environmental chemistry.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Kumar, Narendra [1994]
Indian Institute of Science
Citation: For contributions to condensed matter physics, notably to quantum transport and conductance fluctuations in disordered systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lehmberg, Robert Henry [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For development of induced spatial incoherence which led to the first laser fusion experiments not dominated by beam nonuniformities and the consideration of direct drive as a serious contender for fusion.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Levine, Michael Jerry [1994]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For significant contribution to the development and application of large-scale symbolic and numerical techniques in quantum electrodynamics, and for his leadership of the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Liang, Keng S. [1994]
National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center
Citation: For the experimental elucidation of structure and dynamics of crystal surfaces and overlayer systems using synchrotron radiation.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Liebenberg, Donald H. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to low temperature physics, superconductivity, and research management.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lindgren, Ingvar Per Kare [1994]
University of Gothenburg
Citation: For the development of linked-diagram and coupled-cluster theories for many body atomic systems: for contributions to relativistic, QED and weak-interaction effects in atoms.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Llewellyn-Smith, Christopher H. [1994]
Oxford University
Citation: For seminal theoretical investigations of deep inelastic scattering and of the high energy behavior of electroweak interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Lobb, Christopher John [1994]
University of Maryland
Citation: For research on phase transitions and complex dynamics in Josephson-junction arrays, unusual vortex dynamics in superconductors, and transport in inhomogeneous media.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lu, Toh-Ming [1994]
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Citation: For his outstanding, long time contributions in advancing the theory and practice of using diffraction techniques, particularly low-energy electron diffraction, to study the ordering of surfaces, overlayers, and thin film growth fronts.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Lundgren, Thomas S. [1994]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For his numerous creative contributions to fluid mechanics, in particular, his derivation of the equations which describe probability densities in turbulence and his spiral vortex model of small scale turbulence.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

MacFarlane, David Brian [1994]
SLAC
Citation: For contributions to the ARGUS experiment at DESY, in particular to the discovery of the B°B° oscillations, and the study of charmed and beauty hadron spectroscopy and decays.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

MacLaughlin, Douglas E. [1994]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For contributions to the study of superconductivity and magnetism in heavy-fermion compounds and alloys, high-temperature superconductors and spin glasses, using nuclear magnetic resonance and muon spin rotation techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mahanti, Subhendra Dev [1994]
Michigan State University
Citation: For contributions toward a microscopic understanding of structural phase transitions in molecular solids and randomly intercalated layered solids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mao, Hokwang [1994]
Carnegie Institute
Citation: For studies advancing both the high pressure limit and the range of techniques applicable to diamond anvil cell investigations.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mathews, Grant James [1994]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of primordial nucleosynthesis and phase transitions in the early universe; neutron capture processes in stars and supernovae; galactic chemical evolution; cosmic-ray nucleosynthesis and cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Miller, Roger Heering [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to electron and positron sources, structures, wake-fields and beam dynamics problems in electron linacs.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Monticello, Donald A. [1994]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For pioneering advances in the three dimensional simulation of large scale magnetohydrodynamic instabilities in toroidal magnetic confinement configurations.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Morgan, Thomas Joseph [1994]
Wesleyan University
Citation: For his studies of collisions using hydrogen and Rydberg atoms, his contributions to the study of photoionization of ions and radiative recombination, and his efforts in fostering international cooperation.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Mota, Ana Celia [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For work on superfluidity and superconductivity at ultra-low temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Moustakas, Theodore D. [1994]
Boston University
Citation: For innovative contributions to growth techniques of diverse materials and structures and for key experiments and analysis that clarified the underlying physical mechanisms.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Mueller, Berndt [1994]
Duke University
Citation: For his contributions to the theory of pair production in strong electromagnetic fields and for studies of relativistic heavy ion collisions, including the formation mechanism and signatures of quark-gluon plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Muntz, Eric Phillip [1994]
University of Southern California
Citation: For continuing contribution to the field of rarefied gas dynamics from making the first and only velocity distribution function measurements to the invention of transient pressure driven microdevices.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Murthy, N. Sanjeeva [1994]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For his numerous studies dealing with structure of semicrystalline polymers and the local-order in the amorphous phase, and for his insightful work on the structures of conducting polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Nazarewicz, Witold [1994]
Michigan State University
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of single-particle and collective motion in nuclei, especially at high spins, and for his studies of reflection-asymmetric deformations in nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Needell, Allan A. [1994]
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
Citation: For his important work in preserving and interpreting the physical sciences and their political importance in the twentieth century and his efforts to educate the public in these matters.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Neitzel, G. Paul [1994]
Georgia Institute of Technology
Citation: For major contributions to the stability of complex flows in rotating and interfacial fluid dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Nieuwenhuizen, Peter Van [1994]
SUNY at Stony Brook
Citation: For significant and creative contributions to modern developments in quantum field theory, particularly for the discovery and development of supergravity theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Packard, Richard E. [1994]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For work in demonstrating the macroscopic quantum nature of various superfluid systems, and improving our understanding of the fundamental behavior of systems of quantized vortices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Papanicolas, Costas N. [1994]
University of Illinois
Citation: For electron scattering studies of nuclei that have expanded our understanding of nuclear structure and helped define the limits of mean field theory, and for pioneering work in developing electron scattering coincidence experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Parker, Robert Kelly [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions in the fields of intense relativistic electron beams and generation of coherent electromagnetic radiation through beam-wave interactions, and for leadership in the vacuum electronics community.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Paulson, John F. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering experimental studies on molecular physics processes in weak plasmas, especially for research on ion-molecule reactions, photodissociation of molecular ions, and electron attachment to molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Pecseli, Hans Laszlo [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For numerous contributions to the demonstration and understanding of vortices in magnetized plasmas, including the development of novel experimental methods for plasma turbulence investigations.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Peyghambarian, Nasser [1994]
University of Arizona
Citation: For measuring the nonlinear optical properties, optical switching potential, and coherent dynamical response of inorganic and organic semiconducting bulk crystals and quantum dots.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Pfeiffer, Loren N. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the growth of ultra-high mobility semiconductor materials, the innovative use of molecular beam epitaxy, and the physics of low-dimensional electronic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pollak, Eliyahou [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For introducing periodic orbit based classical and quantal theories of reactive collisions, ellucidating high energy spectra using periodic orbit normal modes, treating non-harmonic bath-condensed phase reactions.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Poon, Joseph S. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For studies of amorphous metallic solids and discoveries of new classes of metallic and insulating quasicrystals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ramayya, Akunuri V. [1994]
Vanderbilt University
Citation: For his contributions to the discovery of shape coexistence in nuclei and of multiple structure in the mass 70 and 180 regions far from stability.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ride, Sally K. [1994]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For outstanding contributions to space physics, free electron lasers, space exploration and disarmament policy studies.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Rimini, Emanuele [1994]
University of Catania
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the fields of particle-solid and laser-solid interactions and his leadership in establishing research consortia.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Riska, Dan-Olof W. [1994]
Finnish Society of Science and Letters
Citation: For his theoretical studies of the electromagnetic responses of few-body nuclei, including his important contributions to our understanding of meson exchange currents.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Roberts, Bradley Lee [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his expertise in the field of exotic atoms and the study of strangeness -1 hadrons, especially hyperons, which have provided information which is complementary to that obtained from hyperon experiments at CERN and Fermilab.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Robson, Robert Edward [1994]
James Cook University
Citation: For contributions to the fundamental understanding of charged particle transport properties in gases in strong electric fields, through establishment of rigorous theory, accurate numerical techniques and provision of semi-empirical formulas.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Rosenbaum, Thomas Felix [1994]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the study of disordered systems and correlation phenomena at low temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Rossky, Peter Jacob [1994]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For the innovative development of classical and quantum approaches to the study of liquids and their effective application to the elucidation of the molecular basis for experimentally observed solution behavior.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Rush, John Joseph [1994]
National Institute of Standards; Technology
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the structure and dynamics of hydrogen in metals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Russell, John J. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his conception and development of the Local Physics Alliance programs leading to the establishment of nearly 100 alliances if high school and college physics teachers and his service to the science education programs of the APSA,AIP and AAPT.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Safinya, Cyrus R. [1994]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For x-ray scattering experiments probing the fundamental nature of the structure and interactions in fluid and ordered membranes.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schaich, William Lee [1994]
Indiana University, Bloomington
Citation: For contributions to the theory of photoemission, chemisorption, behavior of electromagnetic fields near boundaries, and coupling of electromagnetic probes to two-dimensional electron gases.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schnack, Dalton D., Jr. [1994]
University of Wisconsin
Citation: For the development of innovative algorithms for long timescale magnetohydrodynamic simulation, and for the successful application of these methods to the RFP dynamo and the dynamics of the solar corona.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Seestrom, Susan Joyce [1994]
Los Alamos Science Laboratory
Citation: For experimental studies of the nuclear isospin response in inelastic pion scattering, and for her contributions to our understanding of parity violation in compound nucleus neutron resonance.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Shapiro, Vitali Donovich [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the theory of plasma turbulence, nonlinear wave interactions and the kinetics of collisionless astrophysical plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Sheaff, Marleigh Chandler [1994]
University of Wisconsin
Citation: For her efforts in continuing and strengthening physics relations between the United States and developing countries.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Sheffield, Richard L. [1994]
Los Alamos Science Laboratory
Citation: For combining photocathodes with high-gradient rf acceleration and using magnetic-fields for compensating space charge induced emittance growth and demonstrating these technologies in a compact FEL.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Shepard, Paul Fenton [1994]
University of Pittsburgh
Citation: For significant contributions to a wide range of experiments including electric radius of the pion and kaon, and the study of prompt photon production in hadronhadron collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Shrock, Robert E. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For various contributions to theoretical particle physics, including new tests for, and bound on, neutrino masses and mixing, studies of neutrino properties, and studies of lattice field theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Smirl, Arthur Lee [1994]
University of Iowa
Citation: For pioneering, seminal, and continuing work in using ultrafast optical techniques to measure optical nonlinearities, carrier relaxation processes, and carrier transport in bulk materials and semiconductor microstructures.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Snyder, Robert Gene [1994]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For pioneering research directed towards understanding the vibrations of chain molecules and developing vibrational spectroscopic methods, based on this understanding, for the determination of the structure of chain-molecule assemblies.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Srivastava, Santosh Kumar [1994]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions made to the field of electron-atom/molecule collision physics by developing experimental techniques to measure accurate collision cross sections and by generating a large body of cross section data for elastic and inelastic scattering, ionization and attachment.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Stavola, Michael John [1994]
Lehigh University
Citation: For innovative use of spectroscopy in the study of point defects in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Steel, Duncan Gregory [1994]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his contribution to the continuous wave and coherent transient spectroscopy of atomic vapors and semiconductors, especially the identification of relaxation processes in these media.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Sterman, George Franklin [1994]
SUNY at Stony Brook
Citation: For important and innovative developments in the application of quantum chromodynamics to the study of high energy hadronic interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Stroynowski, Ryszard [1994]
Southern Methodist University
Citation: For the contribution to the understanding of physics of the lepton.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Svanberg, Sune R. [1994]
University of Lund
Citation: For his contributions to atomic laser spectroscopy and his extensions of laser spectroscopy to energy, environmental and medical research.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Swift, Jack Bernard [1994]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of instabilities and pattern formation in convection, Couette-Taylor flow, and liquid crystals, and for the development (with Hohenberg) of the widely studied Swift-Hohenberg equation.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Taam, Ronald E. [1994]
Northwestern University
Citation: For pioneering work in the theoretical study of high energy transients, especially the thermonuclear model for x-ray bursts, and for advances in our understanding of binary x-ray sources.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Taylor, Tony Stephen [1994]
General Atomics
Citation: For leadership and fundamental contributions in high beta plasma research through extensive investigations of profile and shaping effects on the stability of tokamak plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Tersoff, Jerry D. [1994]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For pioneering contributions toward a deeper understanding of the structure and electronic properties of surfaces and interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Tesche, Claudia Denke [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For work in understanding noise and the limits of sensitivity of superconducting quantum interference devices and their application in neuromagnetism.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Teukolsky, Saul A. [1994]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For analytic work in general relativity that led to an important equation for perturbations of a rotating black hole, and for further achievements in numerical relativity and in pulsar theory.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Tye, Henry Sze-Hoi [1994]
Cornell University
Citation: For his contributions to many areas in elementary particle physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Van Hove, Michel Andre [1994]
Hong Kong Baptist University
Citation: For developments of the multiple-scattering theory of low-energy electron diffraction and related techniques, and their application to the structural determination of a wide variety of surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

van Leeuwen, Johannes M.J. [1994]
University of Leiden
Citation: For contributions to statistical physics, in particular to the understanding of static and dynamic correlations in fluids, and to real space renormalization group theory.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Volker, Silvia L. [1994]
University of Leiden
Citation: For experimental studies of dephasing, energy transfer and spectral diffusion processes in low temperature glasses and crystals via permanent and transient spectral hole burning.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

von Meerwall, Ernst D. [1994]
University of Akron
Citation: For extensive, meticulous measurements of both small molecule and chain diffusion coefficients in polymeric materials by field-gradient NMR, which have proven vital to the development and acceptance of current models for molecular motion.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Warmack, Robert Joseph [1994]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering developments in scanning probe microscopies and applications to bio-species, especially in the mounting and routine imaging of DNA.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Warren, Warren Sloan [1994]
Duke University
Citation: For theoretical and experimental contributions to coherent laser spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. In both fields, he has shown that enhanced control over radiation fields (pulse shaping and phase shifting) uncovers new physics, permits preparation of novel molecular states, and enhances spectroscopic sensitivity and selectivity.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Williams, Edwin Ross [1994]
National Institute of Standards; Technology
Citation: For excellence in measurement research leading to an upper limit or the rest mass of the photon and precision determination of the gyromagnetic ratio of the proton and of the fine structure constant, and for leadership in highly accurate realizations of the base electrical unites, the ampere, volt, ohm, and farad.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Wolf, Dieter [1994]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his innovative use of simulations at the atomic level to elucidate the underlying physics at materials interfaces, and from these insights often leading experiments with detailed predictions.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Zarnstorff, Michael Charles [1994]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to parallel transport in toroidal devices, and for the verifications of the bootstrap current, which has led the way to the design of advanced tokamak reactors.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Zaslavsky, George Moiseevitch [1994]
New York University
Citation: For original developments in the theory of dynamical systems, the occurrence of chaos in dynamical systems, the development of techniques to analyze chaos-induced transport, and applications to physical systems.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Zebib, Abdelfattah M.G. [1994]
Rutgers University
Citation: In recognition of his innovative computational methods to understand fluid mechanical instabilities and nonlinear evolutions of boundary layers, porous media, double-diffusive convection, mantle convection, crystal growth melt, physical vapor deposition, and cylinder wakes.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics