APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Abernathy, Frederick H. [1991]
Harvard University
Citation: For his many contributions to fluid mechanics, including: formation of the vortex sheet, free surface flows, drag reduction, polymer dynamics, and the structure of the near-wall region of the turbulent boundary layer.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Abstreiter, Gerhard [1991]
Technical University of Muenchen
Citation: For far-infrared and Raman scattering studies of two-dimensional electron systems and of the physics of Si/SixGe1-x superlattices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Adrian, Ronald J. [1991]
Arizona State University
Citation: For his improved understanding of laser Doppler anemometers, the development of the Particle-Image-Velocimeter, and the theoretical formation of stochastic estimation theory applied to turbulent coherent eddy structures.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Afnan, Irag Ruhi [1991]
Flinders University
Citation: For contributions to the formulation of the NN-πNN equations and their application to the understanding of π-d elastic scattering and pion production in N-N scattering.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Allen, Matthew Arnold [1991]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For innovative contributions to, and leadership of, research, development, and construction of radio frequency systems for GeV electron-positron storage rings, linear accelerators, and linear colliders.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Anderson, Richard Louis [1991]
University of Vermont
Citation: For distinguished scholarship in physical measurements, particularly for contributions to precision measurement of temperature by gas thermometry, resistance thermometry and thermocouple thermometry.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Arnold, Raymond G. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his leadership in developing the nuclear physics program at SLAC, and for a series of fundamental investigations of few-body systems at high momentum transfer using electron scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Arons, Arnold B. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work in the teaching of physics and leadership in the education of future teachers of physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Avignone, Frank T., III [1991]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For contributions to studies of weak interactions in nuclei, particularly the development of ultraclean germanium detectors for double beta decay and dark matter experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Baglin, John Edward Eroc [1991]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: In recognition of outstanding innovative research in the physics of thin film and interface interactions and adhesion, and in ion beam modification and synthesis of advanced materials.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Barnes, Daniel Charles [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For original contributions to the development of long-time step methods of kinetic plasma calculation and their application to multi-dimensional problems.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Bates, Frank S. [1991]
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Citation: For original contributions to the study of polymer blends and block copolymers, including the isotope effect, fluctuation effects oh phase transitions, and chain stretching.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Bauer, Ernst G. [1991]
Arizona State University
Citation: For elucidating the structure and phase transitions of clean and mono-and multilayer films on single crystal substrates and the development of LEEM to observe highly resolved surface structures in real space and time.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Becchetti, Frederick Daniel [1991]
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Citation: For his many original contributions to experimental nuclear physics including light and heavy-ion reactions, detector technology, and novel experiments with radioactive nuclear beams.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Beene, James Robert [1991]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For his outstanding contributions and investigations in heavy-ion nuclear physics, particularly studies of the nuclear giant resonance structures via Coulomb excitations and their subsequent decay via photon and neutron emission with 4-TT detector systems.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Bellan, Paul Murray [1991]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For seminal experimental and theoretical work in novel current drive schemes, such as spheromak and AC helicity injection, as well as basic plasma physics, such as Lower Hybrid and Drift Waves.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Bergeman, Thomas Harold [1991]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For important contributions to Stark spectroscopy, molecular spectroscopy, magnetic traps for neutral atoms, atomic response to laser spectral noise, microwave ionization, and the emerging area of computational physics.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bernholc, Jerry [1991]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For pioneering and sustained contributions to the theory of point defects in semiconductors and for his contributions to the bonding and structure of atomic clusters.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bikales, Norbert M. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to polymer science and materials research, editing of major reference works, and professional leadership.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Billinge, Roy [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For construction of the Fermilab Booster, for responsibility for the SPS Magnet System, and for leading the group at CERN that took stochastic cooling from an idea to a practical technique.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Bradbury, James N. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his leadership at LAMPF in showing the way this research instrument can be used in applied field of physics.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Buhrman, Robert Alan [1991]
Cornell University
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of fluctuations in superconducting weak links, nanometer scale electronics, and interfaces in high temperature superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Byer, Robert L. [1991]
Stanford University
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the development and application of stable, tunable solid state laser sources and to nonlinear optical phenomena such as four wave mixing and harmonic generation.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Cantrell, John Harris [1991]
NASA/Langley Res Ctr
Citation: For theoretical and experimental contributions to nonlinear solid state acoustics, electron-acoustic microscopy, and the ultrasonic characterization of materials.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Chakravarty, Sudip [1991]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For his contributions towards the understanding of quantum dissipative phase transitions in Josephson systems and his contributions towards understanding the magnetic properties of La2CuO4.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Champion, Paul Morris [1991]
Northeastern University
Citation: For contributions to the fields of molecular biophysics and spectroscopy of heme proteins.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Chanmugam, Ganesar [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his original contributions on the cyclotron emission from accreting magnetic white dwarfs, the evolution of neutron-star magnetic fields and for proposing that variable white dwarfs are undergoing nonradial oscillations.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Chen, Mau Hsiung [1991]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the relativistic theory of Auger transitions, the understanding of atomic inner-shell processes, and the calculation of the properties of few-electron ions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Cheng, Chio Z. [1991]
National Cheng Kung University
Citation: For original work in the investigation of magnetohydrodynamic instabilities important in fusion plasmas, and the modification of these instabilities by high energy particles.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Clarke, Roy [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work in x-ray scattering studies of structural phase transitions and their kinetics.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Cooper, Benjamin S. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his many contributions to national American energy policy, from his position of the staff of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Demaria, Anthony John [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the generation, measurement, and scientific application of picosecond laser pulses.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Deutsch, Jules P. G. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the study of the weak interaction in nuclear systems.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

DeVolpi, Alexander [1991]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For innovation, research, and leadership in applying physics for arms control verification, and for contributions to public and government enlightenment on societal consequences of modern technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Dill, Ken A. [1991]
University of California, San Francisco
Citation: For innovative and imaginative use of statistical theory and computer simulation to elucidate the ways in which long chain-molecules fold into specific structures such as globular proteins.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Dorfan, Jonathan M. [1991]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the study of properties of heavy leptons and quarks produced in electron-position annihilation.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Dugan, Gerald Francis [1991]
Cornell University
Citation: For his leadership in many areas of Fermilab's accelerator system. his efforts have led to collider luminosities exceeding the original design specifications.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Dzierba, Alexander R. [1991]
Indiana University, Bloomington
Citation: For significant contributions to experimental studies of the production of jets and other multiparticle systems in hadron interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Efthimion, Philip Charles [1991]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions in several areas of plasma physics including free-electron lasers, wave absorption and emission at the electron cyclotron frequency, and tokamak plasma transport.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Egelhoff, William Frederick, Jr. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the development of photoelectron spectroscopy as a probe of surface electronic structure and of x-ray photoelectron and Auger-electron forward scattering as a surface structural probe.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ehrlich, Robert [1991]
George Mason University
Citation: For application of physics to aspects of nuclear arms race and contributions to public education in physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Ernst, Richard R. [1991]
ETH Zurich
Citation: For development of Fourier transform and multidimensional magnetic resonance techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Evans, Lyndon Rees [1991]
CERN
Citation: For contributions to the physics of particle accelerators and storage rings, in particular to the development of the understanding of the fundamental limitations of high-energy hadron colliding beam devices.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Faller, James Elliot [1991]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For his work in precision measurement and tests of fundamental physics.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Fick, Dieter [1991]
Philipps University, Marburg
Citation: For his leadership in the development of beams of polarized heavy ions, and novel applications in the study of reaction mechanisms, nuclear shapes, and the study of surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Fox, Ronald Forrest [1991]
Georgia Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the theory of stochastic processes, their numerical simulation, and their application to the analysis of experiments, both in fluids and in quantum systems.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Franzini, Paolo [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For forefront research over many years spanning many topics, especially classical measurements of the bound states spectroscopy of the bottom and anti-bottom quarks.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Frois, Bernard [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding studies of light and heavy nuclear systems using electron scattering; in particular, for demonstrating the unequivocal need for subnuclear degrees of nuclear degrees of freedom in any complete description of nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Fubini, Sergio Piero [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the description of scattering processes, dual resonance models, and the algebra of currents.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gabrielse, Gerald [1991]
Harvard University
Citation: For innovative studies of the trapping, storage and collisions of antiprotons and the measurements of the antiproton mass.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Gallagher, William J. [1991]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For his contributions to superconductivity and thin-film superconducting materials and devices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gardner, John Herbert [1991]
Florida State University
Citation: For extensive and innovative contributions to the numerical simulation of fluid and plasma flows, especially in the area of inertial confinement fusion, and for leadership in the development of numerical simulation techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Garrett, William Ray [1991]
Tennessee State University
Citation: For contributions to our understanding of the theory of bound and continuous states of polar molecules and for experimental and theoretical contributions to the field of resonant nonlinear-optical phenomena.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Genack, Azriel Z. [1991]
CUNY - Queens College
Citation: For the characterization of electromagnetic propagation in the diffusive and critical regimes and for relating key propagation phenomena to the statistics of eigenmodes of random systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Giordano, Nicholas Joseph [1991]
Purdue University
Citation: For his seminal work on electrical conduction in one and two dimensional systems, including his fundamental studies of weak localization, electron-electron interactions, conductance fluctuations, and super-conductivity in these systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Golden, Kenneth Ivan [1991]
University of Vermont
Citation: For pioneering work in the theory of dynamical processes in strongly coupled plasmas; for extending the theory to the analysis of binary ion mixtures and of two dimensional electron systems; for contributions to the theory of the structure of shock waves in magnetized plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Grant, Edward Robert [1991]
University of British Columbia
Citation: For developing new experimental methods in multiresonant photoionization, and for the application, of semiclassical formalisms to model electronically nonadiabatic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Gratton, Enrico [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For experimental and theoretical contributions to fluorescence spectroscopy and the elucidation of biomolecular dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Grebogi, Celso [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the fundamental aspects and significant applications of chaotic dynamics, and in the development of novel and effective computer techniques for the numerical study of dynamical systems.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Green, Daniel [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his leadership in particle physics experiments including the muon-system for the Fermilab Do detector, the SSC, the Solenoid Detector Collaboration, and in several physics administrative positions at the Laboratory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gupta, Yogendra Mohan [1991]
Washington State University
Citation: In recognition of his contributions to two of the most fundamental problems of shock-compression science: characterization of the time-varying stress states of solids and correlation of macroscopic changes with microscopic properties in condensed media.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Guyon, Etienne M.P. [1991]
Ecole Normale Superieure
Citation: For his contributions to the fields of superconductivity, liquid crystals, hydrodynamic instabilities, and disordered media.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Harding, Alice Just [1991]
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Citation: For pioneering investigation of the theory of pulsar atmospheres, including the pulsar wind and its role in accelerating particles to high energies, and for contributions to the theory of basic electromagnetic interactions in the presence of super-strong magnetic fields.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Hargrove, Clifford Kingston [1991]
Carleton University
Citation: For his development of the first Time Projection Chamber operating in a major experiment and his contribution to the search for lepton number conservation and for his leadership in the OPAL experiment at LEP.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hase, William Louis [1991]
Texas Technical University
Citation: For the extensive contributions to the theory of unimolecular and intramolecular dynamics, variational transition state theory, and the classical trajectory approach for studying chemical reaction dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Hassam, Adil B. [1991]
University of Maryland
Citation: For contributions toward widening our understanding of plasmas from a fluid viewpoint as applied to dissipative magnetohydrodynamics and systems of intermediate magnetization.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Hastings, Jerome Biller [1991]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his research in nuclear resonant scattering of X-rays and neutrons and significant contributions in Synchrotron Radiation instramentation.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Haus, Hermann Anton [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering and sustained contributions to the understanding of laser modelocking, optical waveguide devices, and quantum optics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Hayter, John Bingley [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his contributions to the development of neutron spin-echo spectrometry and the field of neutron small-angle scattering from colloids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hickman, Albert Peet [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For insightful developments in the theory of scattering processes involving bound states and a continuum, fine-structure transitions, and electron-ion recombination.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Hofmann, Albert Josef [1991]
CERN
Citation: For development and application of beam dynamics and synchrotron radiation for new methods of beam diagnostics, their practical use in machine experiments, and commissioning and improvements of storage rings.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Hsiang, Thomas Y. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his studies of non-equilibrium superconductivity, picosecond phenomena, and noise in silicon devices and superconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Huba, Joseph Donald [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For advances in space plasma theory explaining plasma structuring instabilities in the ionosphere.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Huo, Winifred M. [1991]
NASA Ames Research Center
Citation: For innovative contributions to the theoretical description and accurate calculation of electron-molecule collisions and multiphoton molecular processes including resonant enhanced multiphoton ionization.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Johnson, Peter D. [1991]
Dartmouth College
Citation: For his contributions to the development of electron spectroscopies for the study of the electronic structure of metallic surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Johnson, Philip Martin [1991]
Texas Technical University
Citation: For the demonstration and development of multiphoton ionization as a general tool for molecular spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Kahn, Steven Michael [1991]
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his insightful observation and interpretation of x-ray spectra of compact objects, supernova remnants, and the soft-x-ray background.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Klein, Michael L. [1991]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For the development and application of intermolecular potentials and computer-simulation methods, leading to deep insights into the structure, dynamics, and phase transition of liquids and solids.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Klots, Cornerlius Ephraim [1991]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For developments in the theory of unimolecular reactions , with particular reference to processes occurring in van der Waals molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Koberstein, Jeffrey T. [1991]
Columbia University
Citation: For research contributions on the morphology of polyurethanes, novel applications of small angle x-ray and neutron diffraction to the study of multiphase polymers, and pioneering work on polymer surfaces and interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Krinsky, Samuel [1991]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For technical leadership and outstanding contributions to the design, commissioning, improvement, and management of National Synchrotron Light Source, and significant contributions to understanding of undulators and the FEL.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Larson, John Grant [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the physics and chemistry of catalysis research, leadership in managing physics research, and support of the programs of the Physics Professional Societies.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Leboeuf, Jean-Noel Georges [1991]
JNL Scientific
Citation: For pioneering development of new classes of methods for using super-computers to model the physics of complex dynamical systems in fusion plasma experiments and in magnetospheric and astrophysical domains.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Lee, Tsung-Shung Harry [1991]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of the πNN system and its behavior in strong and electromagnetic interaction, as well as for the interpretation of pion-nucleus scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Levi, Barbara Goss [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For her objective analyses and expositions of the physics behind many nuclear weapons issues, and for her lucid explanations of current research for the readers of Physics Today.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Levin, Kathryn [1991]
University of Chicago
Citation: For her contributions to our understanding of strongly interacting Fermion systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Levine, Judah [1991]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For outstanding contributions to precision measurements in the areas of geophysics and atomic physics, including particularly geophysical strain, tilt, gravity, and displacement measurements and the understanding of earth tides.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Littauer, Raphael M. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to accelerator control systems, architecture and electronics, and in the use of feedback to cure instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Long, Gabrielle Gibbs [1991]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For her sustained and significant contributions to the development and use of X-ray and neutron diffraction and spectroscopic techniques to studies of solids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Luborsky, Fred Everett [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to magnetic materials research to promote our understanding of permanent magnet behavior, computer memories, and amorphous materials, particularly for transformers and high temperature superconductors for power applications.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Maiani, Luciano [1991]
University of Roma
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the elaboration of the standard model and the phenomenology of weak interactions and of heavy quarks.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Majumdar, Chanchal Kumar [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his significant contributions to Condensed Matter Theory and his scientific leadership.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Margon, Bruce H. [1991]
Space Telescope Science Institute
Citation: For observations and insight leading to the discovery of nature of the star, SS433, one of the true wonders of the present universe.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Martinson, Indrek [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of atomic structure through the fusing of high wavelength resolution spectroscopy with time resolved fast-ion-beam methods.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Masuda, Yoshika [1991]
Aichi Gakuin University
Citation: For contributions to experimental low temperature research in super-conductors, metals, and allows, and for his investigations of nuclear magnetism and bcc solid 3He.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mcguire, Kevin M. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his contribution to the experimental study of MHD activity in tokamak plasmas, and the observation of the interaction of fast particles and MHD modes which led to the discovery of the fishbone instability.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Merts, Althel Lavelle [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of the physics of atoms in high temperature plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Monkhorst, Hendrik Jan [1991]
University of Florida
Citation: For contributions to computationally feasible many-body theory for atomic, molecular, and solid systems, particularly generalizations and implementations of coupled cluster theory and high-accuracy calculations for muon-catalyzed fusion.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Mooney, Patricia M. [1991]
Simon Fraser University
Citation: For fundamental experimental and conceptual contributions to the understanding of deep level defects in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Morton, Philip L. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For establishing the relationship of FEL physics to accelerator physics and formulating the fundamental equations used in the design of FEL's.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Muench, Nil Lilienberg [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the management of physics research and dedicated leadership in support of the Physics Professional Societies.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Mydosh, John Anthony [1991]
Kamerlingh Onnes Lab
Citation: For studies of the magnetic and superconducting properties of new materials, especially the spin glasses.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Myers, Samuel M. [1991]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For fundamental studies of defect and solute interactions in materials using ion beam techniques, including pioneering studies in hydrogen-defect interactions and implantation metallurgy.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Myhrer, Fred [1991]
University of South Carolina
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the nucleon's structure and its excitations and for development of annihilation models for low energy antinucleon-nucleon scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Nagib, Hassan M. [1991]
Illinois Institute of Technology
Citation: For advancing the understanding of turbulent structure in boundary layers, jets, and wakes. For investigating the physical events occurring in several turbulence control techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Nathan, Alan Marc [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work using monochromatic photon scattering to investigate nuclear structure, especially the coupling of giant resonances to other nuclear excitations, and the identification of multipole strength functions in nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Nelson, Keith Adam [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For development of femtosecond microsecond time-domain vibrational spectroscopy, including multiple-pulse vibrational excitation, and applications to structural and chemical rearrangements in condensed matter.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Nesbitt, David John [1991]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For elegant high resolution infrared investigations of weakly bound complexes and the analysis of their internal motions and couplings by slot jet spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Neugebauere, Constantine A. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For elucidating the properties of ferromagnetic films, and the electrical resistivity of metallic films at the extreme lower limits of their thickness, and for first proposing the thin film multichip module interconnect approach for IC's as a more viable alternative to wafer scale integration.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Osborne, Louis S. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For carrying out pioneering investigations of photoproduction and electroproduction and leading the development of one of the first modern spectrometers in the GeV range with on-line data analysis capability.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Parrinello, Michele [1991]
ETH Zurich
Citation: For the development of novel and powerful methods for the simulation of molecular and fermionic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Partin, Dale Lee [1991]
Delphi Electric and Safety
Citation: For contributions to tunable lead-rare earth-chalcogenide diode lasers.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Paterson, James McEwan [1991]
Stanford University
Citation: For many contributions to the design, construction, and development of electron-position colliders; from state of the art storage rings to research and development on new linear collider techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Pegg, David John [1991]
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Citation: For contributions to the knowledge of the structure and collisional properties of positive and negative ions. The work involves the application of photon and electron spectroscopic techniques to fast beam sources.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Penn, David Robert [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For creative theoretical solutions of experimental puzzles in electron and optical spectroscopy and his work on models of semiconductors and on magnetic phase diagram.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pennycook, Stephen John [1991]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of high-resolution Z-contrast transmission electron microscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pepper, Michael [1991]
University of Cambridge
Citation: For experimental studies of localization and of the properties of confined electron systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Perdew, John Paul [1991]
Tulane University
Citation: For the discovery of exact fundamental relationships and the construction of useful approximations in the density functional theory of atoms, molecules, and solids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Peyerimhoff, Sigrid Doris [1991]
University of Bonn
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the development of ab initio methods in theoretical molecular structure and their application to wide variety of molecular species and processes.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Pollak, Fred Hugo [1991]
CUNY - Brooklyn College
Citation: For pioneering work in the use of optical methods, particularly modulation and Raman spectroscopies and uniaxial stress to elucidate the electronic and vibrational properties of semiconductors and semiconductor microstructures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pope, Stephen B. [1991]
Cornell University
Citation: For contributions of archival value to probability-density-function methods in turbulence modeling, to understanding of the geometry and distortion of surfaces in turbulent flows, and to extraction of Lagrangian statistics from direct numerical simulations.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Preskill, John P. [1991]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For investigations in quantum field theory and theoretical cosmology, especially contributions regarding the properties of topological defects, chiral symmetry and its consequences, and the physics of the very early Universe.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Price, Richard Henry [1991]
University of Texas, Brownsville
Citation: For contributions to the physics of black holes, and to the understanding of their astrophysical processes.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Pripstein, Morris [1991]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the study of hadronic processes at high energies and for his inspiring and dedicated leadership in the worldwide campaign on behalf of Soviet dissident scientists.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Reardon, Paul J. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the design, construction, and operation of high energy particle accelerators and experimental plasma devices.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Redington, Roland Wells [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For leading the team that pioneered the 5-second fan beam computed tomography scanner. He repeated this success with NMR imaging where his group demonstrated imaging and spectroscopy at 1.5 tesla.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Rehn, Lynn Eduard [1991]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For significant contributions to the fundamental understanding of irradiation effects in solids.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Romer, Robert H. [1991]
Amherst College
Citation: For his innovative energy-based physics textbook and other writings on the energy problem, and for his editorial work for the entire physics community.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Rowland, F. Sherwood [1991]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For experimental work and theoretical modeling of chemical reactions in the upper atmosphere.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Sadoulet, Bernard [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his contribution to instrumentation and data analysis at e+e- and antiproton-proton colliders and his role in the emergence of the new field of Particle Astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Sayers, Dale Edward [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his pioneering role in the development, application, and leadership in the propagation of EXAFS spectroscopy to physical and biological sciences.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schroeer, Dietrich [1991]
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Citation: For his interpretation of science to the public, and for his efforts to get physicists and students to think analytically and professionally about the social implications of their technical knowledge.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Scoles, Giacinto [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his innovative contributions to molecular beam scattering, atom-surface scattering, and our knowledge of intermolecular forces and his contributions to the high resolution infrared spectroscopy of molecular beams.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Seiler, David George [1991]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For pioneering contributions involving two-photon absorption spectroscopy in high magnetic fields and for quantum transport measurements to elucidate novel band structure features of many semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Sessler, Gerhard Martin [1991]
Univ Darmstadt
Citation: For important contributions to the investigation and the understanding of charge storage, charge transport, and polarization phenomena in polymer dielectrics.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Shaevitz, Michael H. [1991]
Columbia University
Citation: For successful research demonstrating the nature of high energy neutrinos and neutrino interactions with nucleons, and for major contributions toward the study of e+e- interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Singh, Jag Jeet [1991]
NASA/Langley Res Ctr
Citation: For exceptional contributions to advancement of aerospace measurement science and technology.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Sirovich, Lawrence [1991]
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Citation: For his many basic contributions to the kinetic theory of rarefield gases, shock structure biophysics, dynamics of turbulent motion, and applied mathematics methods.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Smith, John [1991]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For significant applications of quantum field theory to the phenomenological study of strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Snitzer, Elias [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering and continuing contributions to solid state lasers, including the invention of the first glass laser and fiber optic laser.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Soukoulis, Constantinos M. [1991]
Iowa State University
Citation: For imaginative theoretical contributions in the area of spin glasses and electronic and photonic transport and localization.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Spence, John Charles [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the basic physics of electron microscopy and its associated spectroscopies, and for the development and application of new techniques in materials physics.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Stauffer, Allan Daniel [1991]
York University
Citation: For the skillful application of polarized orbital techniques to the understanding of low-energy positron collisions with a variety of atomic systems and their comparison with electron collisions.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Steigman, Gary [1991]
Ohio State University
Citation: For pioneering work in the study of the early Universe, which led tot he new interdisciplinary field of particle-cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Stephenson, Gregory Brian [1991]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For fundamental contributions to understanding the interdependence of diffusion and of plastic deformation in interdiffusion and spinodal decomposition and for time-resolved x-ray-scattering studies of solid state phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Stroud, David Gordon [1991]
Ohio State University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of a broad range of physical properties in composite media, especially linear and non-linear optical susceptibilities, classical and quantum aspects of superconductivity, and magnetotransport.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Stuewer, Roger H. [1991]
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Citation: For his persistent, highly original contributions to the history of physics and for his emphasis on demographic development.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Stupp, Samuel Isaac [1991]
Northwestern University
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of molecular organization and phase separation phenomena in main chain liquid crystal polymers and their orientation dynamics in magnetic and electric fields.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Sung, Chong Sook P. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the development and application of spectroscopic techniques for the study of physics pf polymer glasses and surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Szoke, Abraham [1991]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the study of laser physics, non-linear light scattering, and the behavior of atoms in intense optical fields.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Tabakin, Frank [1991]
University of Pittsburgh
Citation: For his continuing contributions to the theories of the nucleon-nucleon interaction, nuclear matter, pion-nucleus scattering, and electromagnetic production of mesons. For innovation of novel momentum space methods.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Tam, Christopher K.W. [1991]
Florida State University
Citation: For contributions to the aeroacoustics of supersonic jets, the stability of high speed flows, the modeling of large scale structures in turbulence, and the receptivity of shear flows to sound.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Theriot, E. Dennis [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his crucial leadership in the construction of the CDF detector.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Tsai, Shih-Tung [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to basic plasma research, especially concerning the magnetohydrodynamic instability of plasmas with energetic particles, and for his signal leadership in promoting plasma physics in the People's Republic of China and other developing nations.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Tung, Raymond Tsutse [1991]
CUNY - Brooklyn College
Citation: For research on the growth and properties of epitaxial silicides and major contributions to the understanding of metal/semiconductor interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Valentini, James J. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For the development of coherent Raman techniques for chemical dynamics experiments and the application of these to the study of the hydrogen exchange reaction and other prototypical processes.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Van Dyck, Robert S., Jr [1991]
University of Washington
Citation: For his precision measurements of the physical properties of fundamental particles using charged particle traps.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Verdeyen, Joseph T. [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For leadership in education of laser physics and gaseous electronics and outstanding research into the macroscopic properties of partially ionized gases and their applications to applied physics problems in lasers, gas discharges, gas kinetics, and plasma processing of materials.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Wagner, Friedrich [1991]
Max Planck Institute
Citation: For leading many important and novel investigations of toroidal plasma confinement. His discovery and investigations of the H-mode regime of plasma confinement have been of particular importance.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Walker, James David Allen [1991]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For remarkable insight into complicated problems, and especially for formulation and analyzing a theory of regeneration in a turbulent boundary layer based on fundamental concepts of vortex dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Weaver, John H. [1991]
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Citation: For studies of the fundamental parameters associated with overlayer growth on surfaces, with particular note of development of cluster assembly as a means of creating novel interface structures.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Weber, Willes H. [1991]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For his experimental and theoretical contributions in the areas of high-resolution infrared laser spectroscopy of molecules and Raman scattering, fluorescence, and ir absorption by molecules near surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Wegner, Franz Joachim [1991]
University of Heidelberg, Germany
Citation: For his seminal contribution to the early development of renormalization group theory and for his pioneering formulation of the scaling theory of localization problem.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Weller, Henry Richard [1991]
Duke University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of the structure of light nuclei by use of capture reactions with polarized projectiles, especially with regard to D-state properties of few-body nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Wickramasinghe, Hemantha Kumar [1991]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For contributions to acoustic, photoacoustic, scanning tunneling, and scanning force microscopy.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Yan, Tung-Mow [1991]
Cornell University
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of the massive lepton pair production in hadronic collisions and the properties of heavy quark-anti-quark system.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Yu Wu, Sau Lan [1991]
CERN
Citation: For significant contributions to the high-energy physics-- her measurements of the properties of the gluon revealed by the structure of three jet events in e+e- collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Zweibel, Ellen Gould [1991]
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Citation: For major theoretical contributions to plasma astrophysics, including pioneering studies of evolution of solar- coronal magnetic fields forced by photospheric motions and of magnetic reconnection in the galactic interstellar medium.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Zwicker, Earl Frederick [1991]
Illinois Inst of Tech
Citation: For his development of a novel interactive process of having students discover basic idea in physics through "live" classroom experiences.
Nominated by: American Physical Society