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This film depth is 95nm.
These circles show varying thicknesses of 8CB liquid crystal film coating 2cm X 2cm silicon wafers.
The liquid films were made by dissolving 8CB crystal in chloroform. Varying the solution concentration of 8CB created films of different thicknesses. The films were then spin-coated onto polished silicon wafers.
After coating the wafers, the films were slowly heated from room temperature to about 40°C (104°F) in a temperature regulated cell under an optical microscope.
The films in these photographs are different colors because their films are different thicknesses. Each thickness reflects light differently. The blue wafer has the thinnest coating and the brown wafer the thickest.
This film depth is 135nm.
This film depth is 270nm.
Each picture was taken through an electron microscope, which makes the wafers look globular instead of flat. The depths of the film coatings were measured in nanometers (nm), where one nanometer is one billionth of a meter. Image credits: ©2010 American Physical Society
Work was performed at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts by S. Chakraborty and R. Garcia.
Optical-ellipsometric study of the nematic-to-smectic transition in 8CB films adsorbed on silicon, Physics. Rev. E 81, 031702 ©2010
This research was supported by NSF under Grant No. DMR 0821292 and ACS PRF under Grant No. 45840-G5.