Volume 22, Number 2 April 1993
Kidder, Woodruff and Brooks Win Forum Award
The winners of the Szilard Award for 1993 are Ray Kidder of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Roy Woodruff of Los Alamos National Laboratory. The joint citation states "For courageous efforts to provide the government with reliable and objective science advice on critical issues affecting national security and arms control policy."
Kidder provided both written reports and oral testimony to Congress from 1987 to 1992 on the question of whether nuclear weapons testing was necessary to assure weapons reliability and to improve nuclear weapons safety. His reports focused on the empirical test record and an analysis of its implications. Kidder has been a senior physicist at the Livermore lab for 35 years, where he has developed models and methods in thermonuclear physics and hydrodynamics that have been used in the nuclear weapons program. Kidder directed the inertial confinement fusion program at Livermore for the first ten years of its existence, and recommended that the lab pursue its current program in the atomic-vapor laser isotope-separation process.
Woodruff was the head of the nuclear weapons research program at Livermore in 1983, the time of Reagan's "star wars" speech. Although Woodruff was a supporter of x-ray laser development, he felt that unjustified claims were being made about the state of the research on this potential star wars weapon, and he worked to set the record straight with the appropriate government officials, often at odds with the Livermore management. Woodruff resigned as associate director for defense systems in 1985 and left Livermore for Los Alamos in 1990. Currently he is the program director for nonproliferation and arms control.
The recipient of the 1993 Forum Award is Harvey Brooks, the Benjamin Pierce Professor of Technology and Public Policy, Emeritus, in the Kennedy School of Government and Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics, Emeritus, in the Division of Applied Science at Harvard University. He was cited "for elucidating the role that science and technology plays in modern society, for exemplifying the best in science advising through participation in numerous important studies and for supporting the creation and sustenance of institutions of science and technology policy in the US and abroad." Over a long career Brooks has written widely about the relationship between science and public affairs. He has been a key participant in numerous studies, including the National Research Council's Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems (CONAES). And he has helped to create some of our most important institutions of science and technology policy, among them the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. Brooks got a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1940 and worked both at Harvard and at Pennsylvania State College before joining General Electric in 1946. He returned to Harvard in 1950.
The chairman of the 1994 Forum Awards Committee is Lawrence Badash, Department of History, University of California at Santa Barbara. Please send any nominations, with supporting documentation, to him.
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Science and Global Security publishes articles that provide a technical basis for new initiatives on nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation policies, and arms control measures affecting chemical, biological, and conventional weapons; and on measures to protect the global environment. Beyond providing a basis for policy, the articles seek also to provide tutorial material suitable for university courses. The journal is international in scope and is currently published in both English and Russian.
The editors are Harold Feiveson, Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University, and Stanislave Rodionov, Space Research Institute, Moscow. The board of editors includes Frank von Hippel (Chair), Princeton; Jurgen Altman, Ruhr University, Germany; Alexei Arbatov, Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow; Steve Fetter, University of Maryland; John Harvey, Stanford University; John Holdren, University of California, Berkeley; Thomas Johansson, University of Lund, Sweden; Patricia Lewis, VERTIC, London; Marvin Miller, MIT; Milo Nordyke, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Theodore Postol, MIT; Roald Sagdeev, University of Maryland; and Evgeny Velikov, Vice President, Russian Academy of Sciences. For a sample copy, or to subscribe, please fill out the following form, and return it to the address given.
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