APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Adkins, Gregory Scott [1998]
Franklin & Marshall College
Citation: For numerous contributions to the theory of the hyperfine splitting and decay rate of positronium.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

Alascio, Blas Rafael [1998]
CNEA
Citation: For important contributions to the theory of correlated electrons and intermediate valence, and developing the Instituto Balseiro to its current international importance.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Anisimov, Mikhail Alexeevich [1998]
University of Maryland
Citation: For his outstanding contributions towards a fundamental understanding of critical phenomena in fluids and fluid mixtures including complex fluids and liquid crystals.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Baer, Howard Arthur [1998]
Florida State University
Citation: For contributions to the search for new states of matter and for elucidating the observable consequences of weak-scale supersymmetry.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Baragiola, Razl Antonio [1998]
University of Virginia
Citation: For broad contributions to our understanding of interactions of energetic particles with solids, especially regarding mechanisms of electron emission and desorption and astronomical applications.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bartschat, Klaus Richard [1998]
Drake University
Citation: For his contributions to the theory and numerical treatment of atomic collisions through advancing the density matrix description and developing the R-matrix with pseudo-states approach.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Basov, Nicolay G. [1998]
Lebedev Physics Institute
Citation: For fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principles.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Bednorz, J. Georg [1998]
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
Citation: For an important breakthrough in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Bedzyk, Michael J. [1998]
Northwestern University and Argonne Naional Laboratory
Citation: For the development of variable-period x-ray standing wave experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bennett, Charles Henry [1998]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For inventing reversible computation, for his analysis of Maxwell's demon, and for co-inventing quantum cryptography and quantum teleportation.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Berger, Beverly K. [1998]
Oakland University
Citation: For her pioneering contributions to global issues in classical general relativity, particularly the analysis of the nature of cosmological singularities, and for founding the Topical Group on Gravitation of the APS.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Bernard, Claude [1998]
Washington University
Citation: For his many contributions to the numerical study of quantum chromodynamics, particularly of the weak decays of strongly interacting particles
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Bernard, Peter Simon [1998]
University of Maryland
Citation: For elucidating the physics of turbulent transport and incorporating this knowledge in original closure models and for unraveling knotty problems in isotropic turbulence decay.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Berz, Martin [1998]
Michigan State University
Citation: For pioneering the application of computational differential algebra to modeling and analysis of beam dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Bokor, Jeffrey [1998]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For contributions to laser science, including short-wavelength lasers and non-linear optics, development of time-resolved, two-photon photoemission, and contributions to extreme ultraviolet lithography and sub-micron MOSFET device development.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Bond, J. Richard [1998]
University of Toronto
Citation: For fundamental contributions to astrophysics and cosmology; in particular for developing the understanding of fluctuations in the cosmic background radiation.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Boswell, Roderick William [1998]
Australian National University
Citation: For the invention, development, theory and applications of the helicon plasma source.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Bozovic, Ivan [1998]
Varian Research Center
Citation: For his outstanding contributions to atomic-layer engineering of cuprate superconductors and other complex oxides, fabriction of delicate multilayers and superlattices, and their innovative spectroscopic characterization.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Braun, Hans Albert [1998]
University of Marburg
Citation: For the discovery of noise mediated neuronal oscillators and for elucidating their nonlinear dynamical properties.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Buck, Warren Wesley, III [1998]
Hampton University
Citation: For creating a Ph.D. program in physics at Hampton University, pioneering several model programs to attract diverse students into physics, and involving minority educational institutions in physics research.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Buckman, Stephen John [1998]
Australian National University
Citation: For benchmark experiments in low-energy electron-atom and electron-molecular scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Burns, Jack O'Neal [1998]
University of Missouri, Columbia
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the observation and numerical modeling of extragalactic jets and clusters of galaxies.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Camp, William J. [1998]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For contributions to computational methods in the theory of phase transition and in reactor safety physics, and for seminal efforts in high performance computing for science and engineering.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Car, Roberto [1998]
Universite de Geneve
Citation: For outstanding contributions to physics, especially the combination of molecular dynamics with density functional theory which has proven to be a powerful method to study atomic-scale dynamics in molecules and solids.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Carlson, Joseph Allen [1998]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of novel Green's Function Monte Carlo algorithms and their pioneering application to exact calculations of the structure and response of light nuclei using contemporary, realistic nuclear interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Carter, Emily Ann [1998]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For her pioneering development and applications of ab-initio methods to energetics, kinetics and dynamics studies of surface reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Casperson, Lee Wendel [1998]
Portland State University
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to the field of laser instabilities, the discovery of the laser instability that bears his name, and his numerous advances in laser and resonator design.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Centrella, Joan Mary [1998]
Drexel University
Citation: For her original contributions to numerical relativity, cosmology, and astrophysics, in particular for her studies of large-scale structure in the universe and sources of gravitational radiation.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Chen, James [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For innovative and unique research in chaos and nonlinear dynamics, and in the evolution of large-scale solar plasma eruptions and their impact on the magnetosphere.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Chivukula, R. Sekhar [1998]
Boston University
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of electroweak symmetry breaking and flavor symmetry.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Cieplak, Marek [1998]
Polish Academy of Sciences
Citation: For his insightful contributions to the numerical studies of disordered systems.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Cohen, Yachin [1998]
Technion, Israel Institute of Technology
Citation: For his insightful microstructural studies of polymer-solvent complexes of rigid polymers and their role in phase transformations from solution to the gel and to the solid state.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Colby, Ralph H. [1998]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For advancing the understanding of the dynamics of macromolecular liquids.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Cone, Rufus L. [1998]
Montana State University
Citation: For optical spectroscopy studies of rare earth insulators.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Cotanch, Stephen Robert [1998]
North Carolina State University
Citation: For sustained contributions to hadronic and electromagnetic studies of strangeness and theoretical advancements in nuclear and photonuclear reactions and hadron structure.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Cowley, Steven Charles [1998]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For the discovery of explosive energy release mechanisms in MHD and numerous important contributions to the theory of fusion and astrophysical plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Curtright, Thomas Lynn [1998]
University of Miami
Citation: For applications of relativistic quantum field theories to supersymmetry and to the theory of strings and membranes.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Cushing, James T. [1998]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his deep analyses of the interpretation of quantum mechanics in an historical and philosophical context.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Da Silva, Luiz Barroca [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering use of x-ray lasers and laser generated shock waves to study high density plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Dagotto, Elbio [1998]
Florida State University
Citation: For the development and use of computational methods to study strongly correlated electron materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Dahm, Werner J.A. [1998]
University of Michigan
Citation: For his many insightful studies of small-scale turbulence, and for the development of novel experimental techniques, including "scalar image velocimetry".
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Deleplanque, Marie-Agnes D. [1998]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For her groundbreaking work in the studies of nuclear structure at the highest angular momenta and important contributions to the developments of gamma-ray detector arrays.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Della Torre, Edward [1998]
George Washington University
Citation: For his contribution to the understanding of magnetizing processes through numerical micromagnetic and Preisach modeling.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Detar, Carleton Edward [1998]
University of Utah
Citation: For wide ranging contributions to hadronic and computational physics from the MIT bag model, to lattice studies of the spectrum, and especially for study of the quark-gluon plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Dewey, Thomas Gregory [1998]
University of Denver
Citation: For applications of fractals and complexity theory to biological systems with emphasis on sequence: structure relationships in proteins.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Dimonte, Guy [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions to understanding turbulence and mixing in high energy density fluids by novel experimental techniques and facilities.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Dobaczewski, Jacek [1998]
Warsaw University
Citation: For his pioneering contributions to our understanding of the nuclear many-body problem, especially the development of mean-field techniques and boson expansion methods.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Drever, Ronald W. P. [1998]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For his fundamental experiment to test the isotropy of space, and for his pioneering contributions to laser interferometry as a tool for gravitational-wave detection.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Dutto, Gerardo Giovanni [1998]
TRIUMF
Citation: For contributions to the development of high-intensity H/ cyclotrons both as meson facilities and for production of proton-rich radioisotopes.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Eaton, William A. [1998]
National Institutes of Health
Citation: For his contributions towards the understanding of physical mechanisms of protein folding, and the function of heme proteins.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Edelstein, Norman Marvin [1998]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For optical and magnetic studies of the electronic structure of actinide ions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ellis, Paul John [1998]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For his diverse contributions to the study of light nuclei using nuclear shell model methods; and to the study of pion-nucleon scattering using chiral Lagrangians.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Farrow, Robin F. C. [1998]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For pioneering the development of molecular beam epitaxy to grow and study epitaxial semiconductors, metastable phases, dielectrics, magnetic elements and alloys.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Fauchet, Philippe M. [1998]
University of Rochester
Citation: For experimental contributions to understanding properties of porous silicon.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Feagin, James Marshall [1998]
California State University - Fullerton
Citation: For advancements towards understanding the dynamical symmetries of the few-body Coulomb problem, particularly of low-energy bound and continuum electron pairs.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Felker, Peter Mark [1998]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For the development of rotational coherence spectroscopy and ion-detected Raman spectroscopy and major contributions in the study of molecular clusters and intermolecular interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Fisher, Matthew P. A. [1998]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For contributions to theories of vortex states, superconductor-insulator transitions, and edge states in the quantum Hall effect.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Foster, George William [1998]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to development of large scale particle physics electronics, and for a leading role in the design of the permanent magnetic-based Fermilab Antiproton Recycler ring.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Fradkin, Eduardo Hector [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For the application of quantum field theory methods to condensed matter physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Francisco, Joseph S. [1998]
Purdue University
Citation: For his fundamental contributions to the theoretical and spectroscopic elucidation of critical transient species in atmospheric chemical processes.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Frank, Alejandro Hoeflich [1998]
Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the development and application of algebraic models in nuclear physics, and especially to algebraic scattering theory and the discovery of scissors states in odd-mass nuclei.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Fraser, Gerald Timothy [1998]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For major contributions to the understanding of weak intermolecular forces, vibrational couplings, intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution, and the development of the technique of electric-resonance optothermal spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Fredrickson, Glenn H. [1998]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For contributions to the theory of block copolymers and polymer blends.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Fullerton, Eric Edward [1998]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For innovative contributions to understanding the growth, structural characterization, and magnetic properties of metallic thin films and superlattices.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Magnetism

Garito, Anthony F. [1998]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of enhancement mechanisms for second and third order nonlinear optical processes in organic and polymer structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Garoff, Stephen [1998]
Carnegie Mellon University
Citation: For experimental studies of the dynamics of wetting.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gharib, Morteza [1998]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For his innovative experimental techniques, such as digital particle-image velocimetry and soap film tunnel, and for his fundamental contributions to the study of vorticity dynamics in wakes, free-surface and cardiac flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Gilbert, Walter [1998]
Harvard University
Citation: For fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids with particular regard to recombinant-DNA.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Glendinning, Sharon Gail [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For clear and illuminating experimental investigations of ablation-front Rayleigh-Taylor instability, laser imprinting, and nonlinear hydrodynamic instabilities relevant to inertial confinement fusion, high energy-density physics and astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Gold, Steven Harvey [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions to research on high power, coherent radiation sources driven by intense, relativistic electron beams, including millimeter-wave free-electron lasers, gyrotron oscillators and amplifiers, and the magnicon.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Goldman, Vladimir Joseph [1998]
State University of New York
Citation: For experimental studies of quantum Hall systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Goshaw, Alfred T. [1998]
Duke University
Citation: For broad contributions to the study of the strong interactions in high energy hadron collisions, and for his leadership in particle physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gray, Kenneth E. [1998]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of non-equilibrium superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Greene, Joseph E. [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For original contributions to the experimental development, modeling, and understanding of Si, Ge, and Si(1-x)Ge(x) atomic-layer epitaxy and gas-source molecular-beam epitaxy.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Gupta, Arunava [1998]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For contributions to the development of pulsed laser deposition techniques, the use of this technique for the production of materials with novel physical properties, and for original contributions to the understanding of nonequilibrium film-growth mechanisms.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Gupta, Rajendra [1998]
University of Arkansas
Citation: For the first Doppler-free spectroscopy of optically inaccessible states of alkali atoms, for the most complete study of photothermal technique in flowing fluids, and for innovative use of photothermal technique to combustion diagnostics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Halley, J. Woods [1998]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to the theory of superfluidity and to the theory of electrode-electrolyte interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hammel, Peter C. [1998]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For nuclear magnetic resonance studies of superconducting cuprates.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hauptman, Herbert Aaron [1998]
Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research
Citation: For outstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Havey, Mark Douglas [1998]
Old Dominion University
Citation: For development and explication of novel one- and two-photon spectroscopies of bound and dissociative electronic states of diatomic molecules; also for development of precision atomic two-photon polarization spectroscopy for determination of atomic matrix elements and novel sum rule.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Hays, Dan A. [1998]
Xerox Corporation
Citation: For original contributions to the physics of Xerography.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Hillebrecht, Franz Ulrich [1998]
D|sseldorf Universitaet
Citation: For contributions to the development of spin polarized photoemission.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hoffmann, Gerald Wayne [1998]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For contributions to precision measurements of intermediate energy proton-nucleus scattering cross sections and polarization observables, development of polarized nuclear targets, and the understanding of nucleon-nucleus scattering dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Holmes, Neil C. [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For innovative experimental studies to elucidate and understand the response of condensed matter to dynamic high pressures.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Holt, Rush D. [1998]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For advancing the health of science in the US through important contributions to plasma physics research, public science education reform, and public service.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Huth, John [1998]
Harvard University
Citation: For contributions to the study of quantum chromodynamics in high energy proton-antiproton collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Jackson, Gerald Peter [1998]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For conceptual and technical innovations in circular colliders, leading to record-breaking luminosities in the Tevatron, and to the Recycler.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Javanainen, Juha M. [1998]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For fundamental contributions to theoretical quantum optics, especially light pressure, laser cooling and trapping, and optical properties of Bose-Einstein condensates.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Johnson, W. Neil [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: In recognition of outstanding contributions to observational gamma-ray astrophysics, development of the OSSE instrument, and the understanding of high-energy emissions from the Galaxy and Active Galactic Nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Jones, Ieuan Rinallt [1998]
Flinders University of South Australia
Citation: For advancing the understanding of the interaction of radio frequency power with plasma and pioneering the use of rotating magnetic fields to produce the Rotamak compact torus configuration.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Jossem, E. Leonard [1998]
Ohio State University
Citation: For his leadership, persistence, and numerous contributions that advanced the enterprise of physics education and built a community of physics educators, both in the USA and internationally.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Kaplan, David B. [1998]
University of Washington
Citation: For his insightful and original contributions to nuclear and particle physics, spanning topics such as kaon condensation, strangeness in the nucleon, weak scale baryogenesis, and chiral fermions on the lattice.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Kautz, Richard Lloyd [1998]
National Institute of Standards & Technology
Citation: For experimental and theoretical investigations of Josephson junctions, particularly the nonlinear dynamics of phase locking and chaos, essential to the development of practical series-array voltage standards.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science

Kenkre, Vasudev Mangesh [1998]
University of New Mexico
Citation: For fundamental advances in the transport of quasi-particles in materials, ultrafast phenomena, disordered materials, and light-matter interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Khosla, Rajinder P. [1998]
National Science Foundation
Citation: In recognition of exemplary leadership in developing innovative and creative applications of microelectronics in imaging technology.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Klitzing, Von, Klaus [1998]
Max Planck Institute, Stuttgart
Citation: For the discovery of the quantized Hall effect.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Koch, Donald L. [1998]
Cornell University
Citation: For original contributions to our understanding of suspension mechanics in areas of bubbly flows, fiber suspensions, gas-solid suspensions, colloids, liquid crystals, and transport in porous media.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Kossler, William John [1998]
College of William & Mary
Citation: For pioneering work using muon spin rotation techniques in condensed matter physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Kotschenreuther, Michael T. [1998]
University of Texas, Austin
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the self-consistent theory of magnetic island formation, for the implementation of the delta f numerical technique, and for developing theoretical techniques that quantitatively describe plasma transport in tokamaks.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Krauss, Lawrence M. [1998]
Case Western Reserve University
Citation: For his original contributions at the interface of particle physics and astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Krisch, Jean Peck [1998]
University of Michigan
Citation: For leadership and national contributions to the Society of Physics Students, effective and innovative undergraduate physics teaching, including to preservice elementary teachers, and for successful mentorship of women graduate students.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Kritz, Arnold H. [1998]
Lehigh University
Citation: For the development of innovative simulation tools to study wave heating, current drive and transport in plasmas, and for inspired leadership in a teamed approach to large computations.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Kumar, Sanat K. [1998]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For his pioneering simulation work on thin films of polymers and thermodynamics of polymer blends.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Ladd, Anthony [1998]
University of Florida
Citation: For a variety of contributions to numerical simulations of particle systems and especially for the development of lattice-gas and lattice-Boltzmann methods to particle suspension.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Landau, Rubin Harold [1998]
Oregon State University
Citation: For innovative developments and practical applications of computational quantum physics to the scattering and exotic bound states of elementary particles, and for original books in quantum mechanics and computational physics.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Laughlin, Robert Bettes [1998]
Stanford University
Citation: For discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Lee, Siu Au [1998]
Colorado State University
Citation: For contributions to the field of high resolution laser spectroscopy, and for precision experiments in hydrogen and in tests of special relativity.
Nominated by: Topical Group Precision Measurement & Fundamental Constants

LeGoues, Francoise K. [1998]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For insightful contributions and creative use of electron microscopy in determining mechanisms of strain relaxation in heteroepitaxial growth of semiconductor thin films.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Limon, Peter J. [1998]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For many contributions to the construction of the Tevatron, leadership in the SSC Central Design Group, and guidance of the CDF calorimeter upgrade.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Liu, Bai Xin [1998]
Tsinghua University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding of amorphous alloy formation by ion beam mixing.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Liu, Kopin [1998]
Academia Sinica
Citation: For major contributions in the study of state and angle-resolved reaction and energy transfer dynamics using molecular beam techniques, in particular, the Doppler selected time-of-flight technique.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Livingston, Arthur Eugene [1998]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of relativistic, QED, and Rydberg state atomic structures through the spectroscopy of highly-charged ions, and for precise determinations of excited-state lifetimes involving allowed and forbidden atomic transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Manohar, Aneesh V. [1998]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For contributions to the development of effective field theories and their applications in our understanding of the fundamental properties of elementary particles.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Mate, Charles Mathew [1998]
IBM Almaden Research Center
Citation: For his pioneering contributions establishing the field of nanoscale tribology, producing widespread impact on technology, particularly on lubrication in disk drives.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Matthaeus, William Henry [1998]
University of Delaware
Citation: For contributions to understanding of fluid and plasma relaxation processes, for pioneering work on novel lattice gas simulation methods, and for advances in understanding of turbulence and particle scattering in space plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

McClelland, Jabez Jenkins [1998]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For elucidation of spin polarized electron-atom interactions, and for pioneering development and application of atom optical methods in nanostructure fabrication.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

McGaughey, Patrick L. [1998]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For his contributions to experimental high-energy nuclear physics; including his leadership of Fermilab E866, his penetrating contributions to the understanding of J/y production in nuclear collisions, and his insight and leadership in helping formulate the conceptual design of the PHENIX detector at RHIC.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Meneveau, Charles [1998]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For major contributions to understanding the multifractal nature of turbulent energy dissipation, energy, the transfer of energy across scales, and subgrid-scale models.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Meyerson, Bernard S. [1998]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For the invention of ultra-high vacuum chemical vapor deposition and its application to low temperature silicon epitaxy, especially the fabrication of SiGe heterojunction bipolar integrated circuits for wireless telecommunications.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Molina, Mario J. [1998]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Moser, Robert D. [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For pioneering work on the direct numerical simulation of fully turbulent wall-bounded and free shear flows, and for insightful and elegant analysis of the dynamics and three-dimensional structure of turbulence.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Neilson, George H. [1998]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering work in the exploitation of magnetic equilibrium diagnostics and for his leadership in the physics design of fusion experiments.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Nelson, Ann E. [1998]
University of Washington
Citation: For contributions to the theory of CP violation, kaon condensation, baryogenesis in the early Universe and supersymmetry breaking.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Ng, Andrew [1998]
University of British Columbia
Citation: For original contributions to the understanding of optical probing of shock waves and two-temperature non-equilibrium shock states, and for the use of laser-driven shocks in advancing research on high density matter.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter

Nienhaus, Gerd Ulrich [1998]
University of Ulm
Citation: For significant contributions to the field of protein dynamics with a broad spectrum of experimental techniques, particularly x-ray diffraction, gamma ray scattering, and time-resolved optical spectroscopies.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Oono, Yoshitsugu [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For significant contributions to the theory of chaos and to the understanding of non-equilibrium aspects of soft materials science.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Painter, Paul C. [1998]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For theoretical and spectroscopic characterization of hydrogen bonded polymer blends.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Perry, Anthony Edward [1998]
University of Melbourne
Citation: For physical insights into the behavior of turbulence, structure-based modeling approaches, elegant use of scaling arguments, and inspirational teaching.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Polanyi, John C. [1998]
University of Toronto
Citation: For contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Poling, Ronald A. [1998]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to the experimental understanding of b-quarks and his leadership role in the CLEO collaboration.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Polyzou, Wayne Nicholas [1998]
University of Iowa
Citation: For contributions to understanding the formulation of Poincari invariant few body models.
Nominated by: Topical Group on Few-Body Systems

Possin, George Edward [1998]
General Electric Corp. R & D
Citation: For sustained excellence in the science and technology of medical X-ray imaging equipment, flat panel displays, and semiconductor physics.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Preston, Daryl W. [1998]
California State University
Citation: For substantially advancing and disseminating the art of experimental physics as taught to undergraduates by developing experiments, publishing books, and directing faculty workshops on laboratory physics for undergraduates.
Nominated by: Forum on Education

Proctor, Ivan David [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For producing accuracy, capacity and capability improvements in accelerator mass spectrometry that have contributed to archaeology, the earth sciences, the biological sciences and arms control.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Rahman, Talat Shahnaz [1998]
Kansas State University
Citation: For theoretical studies of surface dynamics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Rehm, Karl Ernst [1998]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For decisive clarification of the reaction mechanisms in the interaction and fusion of heavy ions and the development of radioactive beams for measurements of importance to explosive nucleosynthesis.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Rigden, John S. [1998]
American Institute of Physics
Citation: In recognition of his distinguished historical research, and his devotion to the advancement of physics through education, administration, and public service.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Rimai, Donald S. [1998]
Eastman Kodak Company
Citation: For his contributions in the fields of particle adhesion and electrophotography.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Rizzo, Thomas Ralph [1998]
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Citation: For development and application of double resonance and infrared photodissociation techniques to studying unimolecular reactions and vibrational spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Robinson, Robert Alan [1998]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For elastic and inelastic neutron scattering studies of magnetic structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Rose, Harvey A. [1998]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For seminal contributions to the linear and nonlinear theory of laser induced instabilities in plasmas and the role of Langmuir turbulence in the saturation of these instabilities.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Rosenzweig, James Benjamin [1998]
University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For experimental and theoretical work on plasma wakefield acceleration and focusing techniques, and developments in the theory and diagnosis of high brightness, short pulse electron beams.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Rubinstein, Roy [1998]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For his leadership on behalf of Fermilab, US physics organizations and international physics organizations to strengthen collaboration among physicists of the world.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Ruggiero, Alessandro G. [1998]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to accelerator theory, including instabilities and nonlinear dynamics; to accelerator complex designs notably the Antiproton Source and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider; and to accelerator architecture investigation of Spallation Neutron Sources.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Ryutov, Dmitri D. [1998]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For his long-continued contributions to the diverse areas of fusion plasma and astrophysical research, in a career characterized by exceptional analytical skills and innovative ideas.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Rzazewski, Kazimierz [1998]
Polish Academy of Sciences
Citation: For creative application of the methods of quantum optics to frontier problems of strong-field and atomic physics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Sai-Halasz, George Anthony [1998]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For his applications of physics in seminal contributions to microelectronics.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Sales, Brian Craig [1998]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For development of important new materials for: (a) the storage of nuclear waste, and (b) the generation of electrical power.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Salin, Antoine Beno [1998]
Universite Bordwaux I
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of ion-atom collisions including the development of CDW method for the description of charge transfer, and elucidation of the role of dynamic correlation.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Sauls, James Avery [1998]
Northwestern University
Citation: For contributions to theories of unconventional superfluidity and superconductivity.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Scheffler, Matthias [1998]
Max Planck Institute, Gesellschaft
Citation: For significant contributions to elucidating atomic-scale structures in solids and solid surfaces by first-principles approaches.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Schenck, John Frederic [1998]
General Electric Corp. R&D Center
Citation: For contributions to the physics of magnetic resonance imaging.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Schmidt, Arnold J. [1998]
Technical University of Vienna
Citation: For his contributions to ultrafast optics.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Schrader, David M. [1998]
Marquette University
Citation: In recognition of significant contributions to the discovery of positron-atoms and positron-molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Schutz, Bernard Fredrick [1998]
Albert Einstein Institute
Citation: For his pioneering work in the theory of gravitational radiation, for the discovery of new instabilities in rotating, relativistic stars, and for elucidating how gravitational-wave observations can reveal astrophysical and cosmological information.
Nominated by: Division of Gravitational Physics

Schwettman, Harry Alan [1998]
Stanford University
Citation: For contributions in the development and applications of superconducting radio frequency accelerators and free-electron lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Physics of Beams

Scott, Steven Douglas [1998]
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Citation: For definitive experimental investigations of the cross-field transport physics of heat, particles, and angular momentum in tokamak plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Serene, Joseph W. [1998]
Georgetown University
Citation: For contributions to theories of the normal and superfluid states of quantum liquids and strongly correlated electronic materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shafi, Qaisar [1998]
University of Delaware
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of physics and cosmology, helping to understand influences on the early development of the universe and subsequent structure formation.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Shanabrook, Benjamin Victor [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For experimental studies of semiconductor quantum wells and superlattices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shapiro, Stuart Louis [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For his broad contributions to theoretical astrophysics and general relativity, including the physics of black holes, neutron stars, and large N-body dynamical systems, and his pioneering use of supercomputers to explore these areas.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Sherrill, Bradley Marc [1998]
Michigan State University
Citation: For his contributions to the field of radioactive beams, especially for development of innovative ion-optical techniques, and for their use in the measurement of breakup momentum distributions and obtaining their relation to the momentum wavefunctions of weakly bound nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Shimony, Abner [1998]
Boston University
Citation: For his original contributions both to general questions in the philosophy of science, and to the analysis of nonlocality in quantum mechanics.
Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics

Shraiman, Boris I. [1998]
AT&T Bell Laboratories
Citation: For theoretical contributions to statistical physics as applied to the non-linear dynamics of fluids and to magnetism.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Sobel, Henry Wayne [1998]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For many contributions to the study of neutrino physics and the investigation of nucleon stability.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Sokol, Paul E. [1998]
Pennsylvania State University
Citation: For neutron scattering studies of 3He and 4He.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Souder, Paul [1998]
Syracuse University
Citation: For precise measurements of the effects of electroweak interactions in few-body systems, leading to fundamental information about muonium, muonic helium, and the spin structure of the nucleon.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Stephens, Peter Wesley [1998]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For determination of the structure of fullerene materials and elucidation of the relationships between their structures and physical properties.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Stewart, Donald Scott [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of chemically reactive flows, especially concerning the dynamics of multi-dimensional detonations.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Swartz, Morris L. [1998]
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Citation: For contributions to high precision experimental studies of the electroweak interaction at high energy.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Tang, Ching W. [1998]
Eastman Kodak Company
Citation: For his pioneering work in organic light emitting diodes.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Tejedor, Carlos [1998]
University Autonoma de Madrid
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of the electronic band structure and collective phenomena in semiconductors and low-dimensionality structures, and for his influence on the development of condensed-matter physics in Spanish-speaking countries.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Thaler, Jon J. [1998]
University of Illinois
Citation: For contributions to the development of hardware and software systems for large collider detectors.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Thielemann, Friedrich K. [1998]
University of Basel
Citation: For his work at the interface of nuclear physics and astrophysics and the applications to stellar nucleosynthesis, Type Ia and Type II Supernovae, as well as the r- and rp-process.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Thomas, Valerie [1998]
Princeton University
Citation: For her efforts to build an active interface between the science of materials and pollutants, and the avenues mechanisms necessary to build sound management strategies, and to build international networks of environmental science and policy researchers.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Tibbetts, Gary George [1998]
General Motors R & D Center
Citation: For his pioneering research which led to the discovery of vapor-phase growth of carbon fibers from natural gas and for his subsequent significant researches on the properties and applications of these fibers.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Ting, Antonio C. [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: In recognition of his seminal experimental and theoretical contributions tot the field of ultra high intensity laser interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Tiwari, Sandip [1998]
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Citation: For contributions to understanding of device physics and for innovations in small electronics and optical devices with strong quantum confinement.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Tornow, Werner [1998]
Duke University
Citation: For his contributions to few-nucleon physics, especially his measurements with polarized neutron beams and their precise determination of the n-n scattering length.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Urry, Claudia Megan [1998]
Space Telescope Science Institute
Citation: For pioneering studies of the nature of Active Galactic Nuclei through multi-wavelength observational campaigns and the elucidation of unified models.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Valls, Oriol Tomas [1998]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For contributions to the theory of unconventional Cooper paring and to the theory of nonequilibrium phenomena in liquids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

van Hemmen, Jan Leonard [1998]
Technical University of Munich
Citation: For theoretically resolving learning in spatio-temporal neuronal activity with specific application to the barn owl's sound localization.
Nominated by: Division of Biological Physics

Vinokur, Valerii M. [1998]
Argonne National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the theory of vortex pinning and dynamics in a random environment.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Wadehra, Jogindra Mohan [1998]
Wayne State University
Citation: For extensive contributions to theoretical atomic and molecular physics, notably studies of the dissociative electron attachment process, scattering of positrons by atoms, and the transport of electrons in gases.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Walther, Herbert [1998]
Max Planck Institute fur Quantenoptik
Citation: In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the quantum optics of atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Ward, Bennie Franklin Leon [1998]
University of Tennessee
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of radiative corrections required for precision electroweak studies in electron-positron collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Weiler, Margaret Horton [1998]
Lockheed Martin
Citation: For fundamental contributions to HgCdTe infrared detector and GaAs microwave device technologies, in the development and experimental validation of new physical models for semiconductor device properties and their influence on system applications.
Nominated by: Forum on Industrial and Applied Physics

Weinberger, Peter [1998]
Technische Universitat
Citation: For the development of techniques for relativistic electron structure calculations and their application.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Weiss, Robert A. [1998]
University of Connecticut
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the understanding of viscoelastic and phase equilibria in high polymers, especially in ionomeric and liquid crystalline high polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

West, Roy N. [1998]
University of Texas, Arlington
Citation: For contributions to the development of positron annihilation spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

White, Carter T. [1998]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For theoretical contributions to materials chemistry problems including carbon-based conductors and energetic materials.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

White, Steven R. [1998]
University of California, Irvine
Citation: For the development of the density matrix renormalization group method which provides a powerful numerical technique for investigating the properties of strongly correlated electron systems.
Nominated by: Division of Computational Physics

Wiescher, Michael C. F. [1998]
University of Notre Dame
Citation: For his productive work both in laboratory nuclear astrophysics measurements and in connecting those results to specific astrophysical sites.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Wilson, Kenneth G. [1998]
Ohio State University
Citation: For his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions.
Nominated by: American Physical Society

Winkler, Peter [1998]
University of Nevada, Reno
Citation: For development of innovative theoretical methods to describe many-body effects in atomic structure and atomic interactions in plasma environments.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Wodkiewicz, Krzysztof [1998]
Warsaw University
Citation: For key contributions to our understanding of the role of stochastic processes in nonlinear optical resonance, and for pathbreaking studies of the operational approach to quantum phase-space measurements.
Nominated by: Division of Laser Science

Wollan, David S. [1998]
US Arms Control & Disarmament Agncy
Citation: For leadership in the arms control of both offensive and defensive strategic arms, combining deep technical analysis with legal and diplomatic expertise regarding the SALT II, START I, and ABM treaties.
Nominated by: Forum on Physics and Society

Yaffe, Laurence G. [1998]
University of Washington
Citation: For work on finite temperature gauge field theory and on non-perturbative approximations to quantum field theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Yang, Guozhen [1998]
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Citation: For his achievements in optics computing and laser physics, his outstanding accomplishments in scientific management, and his significant contributions to international exchanges.
Nominated by: Forum on International Physics

Yodh, Arjun Gaurang [1998]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For contributions to the use of diffusing light fields in studies of the structural, dynamical, and spectroscopic properties of highly scattering materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Yoh, John [1998]
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the discovery of the Upsilon resonance indicating the existence of the b-quark.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Yuan, Jian-Min [1998]
Drexel University
Citation: For the application of nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory to the understanding of atomic and molecular processes, particularly laser-induced molecular dissociation and ionization.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Zeilinger, Anton [1998]
University of Innsbruck
Citation: For elucidating and extending the mystery of the quantum phenomena of interference and entanglement by elegant experiments with neutrons, atoms, and photon pairs together with new theoretical insights.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Zhang, Zhenyu [1998]
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Citation: For original and innovative contributions to the understanding of thin-film growth mechanisms and kinetic/dynamical processes at surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Materials Physics

Zimmerman, William, Jr. [1998]
University of Minnesota
Citation: For research on macroscopic quantum properties and vorticity in superfluid 4HE.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics