APS Fellow Archive

The APS Fellow Archive is an historic record of every APS Fellow, from 1921 to the present. The details contained in the archive are intended to document an individual's institutional affiliation at the time of their election to Fellowship, and is not updated to reflect current information. For a current listing of an APS Fellow who is still an active member, or to search your institution for current APS Fellows, please use the APS Member Directory. For questions about the Fellows Archive, please contact Janay Oliver, APS Membership and Fellowship Specialist, at fellowship@aps.org.

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Albritton, James R. [1986]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the theory of laser plasma interactions and electron heat transport.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Allen, Phillip B. [1986]
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Citation: For contributions to the theory of electron-phonon effects in metals and semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Allen, Silas James, Jr. [1986]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For creative far-infrared spectroscopy that elucidated the physics of transport in 2-dimensional electron systems; diffusion in superionic conductors, and spin-lattice interactions in magnetic insulators.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Anholt, Robert E. [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For contributions to the study of heavy-ion-atom collisions spanning quasimolecular collisions at low energy to collisions with relativistic projectiles.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Antonsen, Thomas M. [1986]
University of Maryland
Citation: For contributions to the theory of the stability of high temperature plasmas and the theory of the production of intense ion beams.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Argon, Ali S. [1986]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For fundamental contributions to understanding of plastic deformation of polymer glasses.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Auerbach, Daniel Jonathon [1986]
University of California, Santa Barbara
Citation: For experimental studies leading to better understanding of dynamical aspects of gas surface interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Auerbach, Naftali [1986]
Tel Aviv University
Citation: For his many important contributions to the theoretical understanding of nuclear structure.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Azbel, Mark Ya [1986]
Tel Aviv University
Citation: For his contribution to the Azbel-Kaner cyclotron resonance method, his elucidation of the complex spectrum of Bloch electrons in magnetic field, and his theoretical work on DNA denaturation and transport through finite random structures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Batlogg, Bertram [1986]
ETH Zurich
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of f-element compounds, particularly the mixed valence states of Tm1-xSe and of the heavy-fermion compounds CeCu2Si, UPt3, and UBe13.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bauer, Robert Steven [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding experimental contributions and technical leadership in understanding the electronic properties of semiconductors, especially their surfaces and interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Berman, Paul R. [1986]
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Citation: For fundamental contributions to an understanding of the effects of atomic and molecular collisions on the behavior of gas lasers, on coherent transient phenomena, and on high-resolution spectroscopic lineshapes.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bhatt, Ravindra N. [1986]
Princeton Univ
Citation: For his effective use of fundamental theory, numerical simulation and phenomenology in elucidating such diverse systems as quantum fluids, spin glasses, and doped semiconductors near metal-insulator transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Bjorklund, Gary Carl [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work in non linear optics and the development and application of widely used techniques in laser spectroscopy, such as frequency modulation spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Blackwelder, Ronald E. [1986]
Univ of Southern California
Citation: For his contributions to the physical understanding of the structure of turbulent boundary layers.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Bottcher, Christopher [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For versatile theoretical studies of atomic and molecular processes involving development of new powerful methods of mathematical and numerical analysis.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Bryman, Douglas Andrew [1986]
Univ of British Columbia
Citation: For leadership in the experimental search for lepton number conservation and in pion decay experiments confirming the hypothesis of electron-muon university.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Buckingham, Amyand David [1986]
University of Cambridge
Citation: For the development of the basic statistical mechanical theory that relates the equilibrium electromagnetic properties of a gas to the properties of clusters of interacting molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Buckmaster, John David [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental contributions to fluid mechanics which have, in particular, helped to transform combustion theory into a mathematical science.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Capasso, Federico [1986]
Harvard University
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the advancement of optical and microwave devices with 'band structure engineering'.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Catto, Peter J. [1986]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the theory of plasma equilibrium, stability and transport in mirrors, bumpy tori, and tokamaks, and for contributions to the theory of particle gyrokinetics.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Chiang, Tai-Chang [1986]
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Citation: For his numerous contributions to the understanding of bulk, surface and interface states of metals and semiconductors using photoemission techniques.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Chinowsky, William [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the discovery of numerous elementary particles and the determination of their properties.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Chiu, Ying-Nan [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering contribution in the use of modern angular momentum and irreducible tensor methods to derive molecular rotation-electronic structure and spectroscopic intensities of higher multipole radiation and interference in molecules.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Chu, Steven [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For contributions in atomic physics and laser spectroscopy, including the first observation of parity nonconservation in atoms, excitation and precision spectroscopy of positronium, and the optical confinement and cooling of atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Clarke, David Richard [1986]
Harvard University
Citation: For important contributions to understanding atomic-scale fracture phenomena, structure and energetics of class-ceramic interfaces, and toughening mechanisms in ceramic materials.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude [1986]
Lab de Phys ENS
Citation: For his seminal studies of the interactions between electromagnetic fields and atoms.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Crosley, David Risdon [1986]
SRI International
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of the role of free radicals in discharges and chemical reactions by the detailed study of their kinetics and spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Dagdigian, Paul J. [1986]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For his contribution to an experimental understanding of the dynamics of rotationally inelastic collisions and of the origin of spin-orbit effects in chemical reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Davis, Jack [1986]
Naval Research Laboratory
Citation: For contributions to the radiative theory of dense plasmas including modifications of atomic properties and self-consistent treatments of plasma dynamics and radiation.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Diamond, Patrick H. [1986]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For important contributions to nonlinear plasma theory, plasma turbulence and understanding of anomalous transport in toroidal, magnetically confined plasma.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Drake, James F. [1986]
University of Maryland
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of tearing instabilities, magnetic reconnection and magnetohydrodynamic activity in laboratory and space plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Dunning, Frank Barry [1986]
Rice University
Citation: For his seminal contributions to the study of atoms in high Rydberg states, and in the extension of atomic methodology to introduce new spectroscopies for studies of solid surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Eisenstein, Robert A. [1986]
Santa Fe Alliance for Science
Citation: For leadership in Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics, whereby experiments with pions, kaons, and antiprotons, he has demonstrated the effects of nuclear structure and the nuclear medium on elementary interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Eisenthal, Kenneth B. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering the applications of lasers to chemistry and being on of the first and major contributors to the development of the field of picosecond laser spectroscopy.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Enz, Charles P. [1986]
Univ of Geneve
Citation: For his many contributions to condensed-matter physics, equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, and the history of physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Feder, Ralph [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering the field of x-ray contact microscopy, and for his early contributions to the study of the equilibrium concentration of point defects in metals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Feldman, Paul D. [1986]
Johns Hopkins University
Citation: For his contributions to understanding the gasses in comets through their ultraviolet spectra, and his work on the upper atmospheres of the planets and the earth.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Finlay, Roger William [1986]
Ohio University
Citation: In recognition of continuing and fruitful efforts to improve the quality of neutron scattering data and use of these results to enhance our understanding of the optical model.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Fisher, Daniel Sebastian [1986]
Stanford University
Citation: For his application of the modern techniques of statistical mechanics to such diverse systems as two-dimensional phase transitions, solid 3He, charge-density-wave solids, and disordered magnets.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Fiszdon, Wladyslaw [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his lasting contributions to Aerodynamics and for his tireless efforts in promoting the development of Fluid Dynamics through he Biennial Fluid Dynamics Symposia that he has organized in Poland since 1951.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Frazer, William R. [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For contributions to elementary particle theory, including analysis of electromagnetic structure of nucleons which predicted the existence of the rho meson, analysis of multiparticle reactions, and work in perturbative QCD.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Freedman, Daniel Z. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For important contributions to the development of supersymmetry and supergravity quantum field theory.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Friedel, Jacques [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the microscopic description of impurities in metals and the properties of crystals, allows and surfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Frisch, Henry Jonathan [1986]
University of Chicago
Citation: For significant contributions to the understanding of production of hadrons at large transverse momentum.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Gennes, Pierre-Gilles de [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his pioneering and leading role in a variety of fields in condensed-matter theory and polymer physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ghiorso, Albert [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his discovery, with coworkers, of twelve transuranium elements (atomic numbers 96-106, inclusive) and the determination of their radioactive decay properties.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Gilbody, H. Brian [1986]
Queens Univ of Belfast
Citation: In recognition of twenty years of dependable reliable measurements of ion-atom collision cross-sections.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Goodkind, John M. [1986]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For the investigation of the properties of liquid and solid, 3He, and for contributions to the development and application of nuclear cooling and superconducting devices.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Greer, Sandra Charlene [1986]
Mills College
Citation: For seminal contributions to experimental thermodynamics leading to new understanding of phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Greywall, Dennis Stanley [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For setting standards of precision and elegance in the study of quantum fluids and solids at low and ultra-low temperatures.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Gursey, Feza [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For important contributions to symmetries of particles through the use of Group Theory; the introduction of chiral symmetry and the SU(6) symmetry of the quark model; and the introduction of exceptional groups to particle physics.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Guttman, Charles Martin [1986]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For his modeling by Monte Carlo and Gambler's Ruin Methods of both the morphology and SANS of semicrystalline polymers, and for his work on Gel Permeation chromatography.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Hahn, Yukap [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions in a number of areas of physics, including theoretical atomic physics and, especially, for his thorough, and important calculations on dielectronic recombination.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Haldane, Frederick Duncan Michael [1986]
Princeton Univ
Citation: For his contributions, both analytic and numerical, to the solution of difficult many-body problems such as the Anderson model, the quantum spin chain and the-fractionally quantized Hall effect.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Haller, Eugene E. [1986]
University of California, Berkeley
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the development of ultrapure semiconductors and significant investigations of the spectroscopy of novel defects in them.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Hanson, Gail G. [1986]
University of California, Riverside
Citation: For numerous and important contributions to the discovery and study of new particles, and to the establishment of quarks as hadronic constituents.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Harari, Haim [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding contributions to hadron phenomenology, for many excellent reviews and rapporteur's talks. and for profound idea on possible quark-lepton composite structure.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hawryluk, Richard J. [1986]
Princeton Plasma Phys Lab
Citation: For outstanding contributions to understanding plasma behavior in tokamak devices, particularly startup, transport and heating.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Hayes, Wallace Dean [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For influencing generations of graduate students at Princeton and elsewhere with the elegance and precision of his theoretical works.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Herbert, Thorwald [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the theory of linear and nonlinear hydrodynamic stability and in particular for his explanation of the subharmonic instabilities in boundary-layer flows.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Hitlin, David George [1986]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For contributions to the study of weak decays of K mesons, particularly measurements of CP violating parameters and form factors, and for measurements of hadronic states produced in the decay of the psi meson and detailed studies of the weak decays of charmed particles.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Hochstrasser, Robin M. [1986]
University of Pennsylvania
Citation: For inventing ingenious experiments exploiting the non-linear couplings of radiation and matter, and using these methods in pioneering studies of dynamics of molecules in gas, liquid and solid phases.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Hoffman, Darleane [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For a long and distinguished career of pioneering studies in the understanding of low-energy and spontaneous fission and the production of heavy-element isotopes.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Hsu, Shaw Ling [1986]
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Citation: For his use of vibrational spectroscopy to characterize polymer structure and to follow the dynamics of structural change.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Ichimaru, Setsuno [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the advancement of the many-body theories and statistical physics of plasmas and related condensed matter, and their application to plasma astrophysics.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Jackson, Shirley Ann [1986]
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Citation: For contributions to the theory of charge density wave instabilities, the channeling of heavy ions in solids, and the behavior of 2-D electrons on helium films.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Jacobson, Allan Stanley [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work in high resolution gamma-ray astrophysical observations and instrumentation.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Jacox, Marilyn Elizabeth [1986]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For original and important contributions to matrix isolation spectroscopy and ultraviolet photochemistry of molecular radicals and ions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Jaffe, Robert Loren [1986]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For important contributions to the dynamics of confined quarks and gluons, and the study of glueballs, multiquark hadrons, and quark distributions in nuclei, in the context of QCD.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Jarboe, Thomas R. [1986]
University of Washington
Citation: For innovation and leadership in spheromak research including equilibrium, stability, and sustainment physics, and for contributions to the understanding of the role of magnetic helicity during spheromak formation and sustainment.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Kassoy, David Robert [1986]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For the imaginative application of perturbation methods to the mathematical modeling of fluid dynamical processes in diverse physical systems.
Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics

Lamb, Frederick K. [1986]
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Citation: For his pioneering studies of the physics of compact x-ray sources, and especially his work relating observations with theoretical models.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Langacker, Paul G. [1986]
Institute for Advanced Study
Citation: For his contributions to our understanding of modern elementary particle theory and its empirical validity.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Lau, Yue-Ying [1986]
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Citation: For significant contributions to the theory of electron beam devices.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Laughlin, Robert B. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For seminal insights into the nature of two-dimensional electrons in a magnetic field, and of the state responsible for the fractional quantum Hall effect.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Lee, Edward Kyung-Chai [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneer work in the spectroscopy of single vibronic levels, especially with small molecules such as CH2O, SO2, and H2O4 isolated in matrices.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Lee, Patrick A. [1986]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For outstanding contributions to the theory of many-body effects in condensed matter, especially in one and two dimensional solids with disorder.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

LeGrand, Donald George [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental mechanical, thermal, optical and scattering investigations of bulk and surface properties of glassy polymers.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Levenson, Marc David [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For his leadership in the development of a broad variety of novel techniques of nonlinear laser spectroscopy and his insightful application of these techniques to physically interesting problems.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Lounasmaa, Olli Viktor [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to experimental low-temperature physics, especially to nuclear cooling liquid 3He as a practical method, and to the discovery and measurement of nuclear ordering in metallic copper.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

MacVicar, Margaret L. A. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For research on transition-metal superconductivity, and for innovation in education at the university level.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Marciano, William Joseph [1986]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For important contributions to the study of radiative corrections to W and Z masses and sin2 0w determined in GUTS and experiment.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Matthews, Dennis L. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to x-ray spectroscopy of laser heated plasmas and to the development of XUV lasers.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

McDonald, J. Douglas [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his pioneering and seminal studies in chemical dynamics- studies of vibrational energy distributions in reactive intermediates, collision-free vibrational energy intramolecular redistribution, and molecular quantum beats.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

McNaughton, Michael Walford [1986]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For precise measurements leading to the complete determination of the isovector nucleon-nucleon s-matrix amplitudes at intermediate energies.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Metiu, Horia [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his insightful contributions to our understanding of surfaces and adsorbates using spectroscopic techniques to measure dynamic properties.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Mueller, Alfred Henry [1986]
Univ Giessen
Citation: For developing a 'factorization theorem' in field theory and its extension.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Muenter, John Stuart [1986]
University of Rochester
Citation: For the development and application of experimental techniques to study the electronic structure of molecules with specific relevance to dipole moments if isotopic origin, hydrogen bonding, and vibrational predissociation.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Muller, Dietrich [1986]
University of Chicago
Citation: For his development of transition radiation detectors into a practical tool and their application to the measurement of the cosmic ray electron spectrum with unmatched precision.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Nahory, Robert E. [1986]
Rutgers University
Citation: For many important contributions to the fundamental understanding of practical use of optoelectronic phenomena in semiconductors.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Nygren, David Robert [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For the invention of the Time Projection Chamber, a novel concept for tracking charged particles, and the introduction of the concepts of wave form sampling with offline pulse reconstruction and radial drift.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Ohr, Sekyu Michael [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For experimental and theoretical investigation of defects in metal crystals, and for seminal studies of the fracture of solids.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Osbourn, Gordon Cecil [1986]
Sandia National Laboratories
Citation: For his work in stimulating the field of strained-layer superlattices and for his theoretical studies of their electrical and optical properties.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Ozernoy, Leonid [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering work on the theory of coherent behavior of supermassive objects in astrophysics and original, innovative ideas spanning a wide range of areas in astrophysics and cosmology.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Pandey, Kosal Chandra [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the physics of semiconductor surface reconstruction, especially the introduction of π-bonding as a reconstruction mechanism and for the π -bonded chain model of the Si(111)-2X1 surface.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Pasachoff, Jay M. [1986]
Williams College
Citation: In recognition of your research work in a wide range of astronomical fields- including the solar corona at total solar eclipses and interstellar deuterium and its cosmological consequences- and bringing contemporary research to students through your textbooks.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Pechukas, Phillip [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For fundamental contributions to theoretical chemical kinetics, to the theory of semiclassical approximation, and to the study of 'quantum chaos'.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Phaneuf, Ronald Arthur [1986]
Univ of Nevada - Reno
Citation: For his contributions to the understanding of multicharged ion interactions in the areas of charge transfer and of many electron effects in electron-ion collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Phillips, William Daniel [1986]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For outstanding contributions to atomic physics, especially the laser cooling and trapping of neutral atomic beams, and the determination of fundamental constants.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Philpott, Michael Ronald [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For pioneering theoretical and spectroscopic studies, of the electronic vibrational properties of organic solids, Langmuir films and electrode interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Pope, Bernard Goodwin [1986]
Michigan State University
Citation: For important contributions to the discovery of subsequent study of both large transverse momentum and phenomena and dilepton production in hadronic interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Prior, Michael Herbert [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his pioneering work on the use of ion traps for measurement of lifetimes of forbidden transitions and also for collision studies of trapped, multiply-charged ions.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Ristinen, Robert A. [1986]
University of Colorado, Boulder
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the development of a variety of nuclear detectors, the PIXE systems of elemental analysis, the study of muonic x-rays, and to nuclear structure through such reactions as (a,xn).
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Rubloff, Gary Wayne [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering applications of surface electron spectroscopies and optical techniques to understand chemical reactions and properties of interfaces and surfaces, particularly silicon interfaces.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Schwarz, John Henry [1986]
California Institute of Technology
Citation: For construction of the superstring theory and its later use for unification of fundamental forces, giving a finite theory of quantum.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Scott, Bruce Albert [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant contributions to the synthesis of many novel inorganic and organic materials, and the elucidation of their growth mechanisms, electronic structures and solid state properties.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Sen, Pabitra N. [1986]
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Citation: For contributions tot he understanding of electronmagnetic, vibrational, structural, and transport properties of amorphous and composite media.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shaner, John Wesley [1986]
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Citation: For experimental research on material properties at extremely high dynamic temperatures and pressures, and for work in establishing an accurate pressure scale for static high pressure research above one megabar.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Shapiro, Stephen M. [1986]
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Citation: For outstanding contributions in the field of neutron scattering studies of condensed matter physics, in particular the fundamental properties of re entrant spin glasses, mixed valent compounds and hydrogen in metals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Siemann, Robert Herman [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of fundamental limitations of accelerator performance, and specifically the improvement of CESR performance.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Siggia, Eric D. [1986]
Cornell University
Citation: For contributions to the theoretical physics of condensed matter, particularly in the areas of dynamical systems, turbulence, and low-temperature physics.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Sinclair, Charles Kent [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For the development of the GaAs polarized electron source as a practical means to produce high current beams of longitudinally polarized electrons; and for contributions to electromagnetic interaction measurements.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Smalley, Richard Errett [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For pioneering contributions to knowledge of molecular structure and dynamics through the development and application of techniques of laser spectroscopy in supersonic molecular beams and jets.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Smith, Arthur Stewart [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For significant experimental contributions to the physics of muon pair production in hadron collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Snover, Kurt A. [1986]
University of Washington
Citation: For advancing our knowledge of giant resonances and gamma transitions in nuclei, including the discovery of high energy magnetic transitions and the elucidation of the dipole resonance in excited nuclei.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Soding, Paul Heinrich [1986]
DESY - Center for Free-Electron Laser Science
Citation: For extensive contributions to studies of resonances in photo and electroproduction channels, and for pioneering research on gluons and tests of Quantum Chromodynamics in e+e- collisions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Steiner, Herbert Max [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his experimental scattering studies involving antiprotons, protons and neutrons leading to better understanding of both the strong and weak interactions.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Steinfeld, Jeffrey I. [1986]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Citation: For his original and insightful experimental studies on molecular energy transfer, multiple photon excitation and infrared double resonance in polyatomic molecules in the gas phase.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Steinhardt, Paul Joseph [1986]
Princeton Univ
Citation: For his important contributions to cosmology and to the theoretical understanding of quasicrystals.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Surko, Clifford M. [1986]
University of California, San Diego
Citation: For innovative development of laser diagnostic techniques and advances in the understanding of turbulence and wave propagation in tokamak fusion plasmas, fluids and solids.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Swanson, Donald G. [1986]
Auburn University
Citation: For experimental and theoretical contributions to the effects of boundaries on fast Alfven waves and for fundamental work on mode conversion and tunneling in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Taylor, Richard Edward [1986]
Stanford University
Citation: For fundamental experiments in inelastic electron-proton scattering.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Thode, Lester E. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For innovative application of charged particle beam technology and research contributions in the areas of high-brightness electron beams, beam interactions with plasma, and high-power microwave generation.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Thouless, David J. [1986]
University of Washington
Citation: For origination of fundamental concepts in the many-body theory of nuclei, in statistical mechanics and critical phenomena, and in the theory of disordered magnetic and electronic systems.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Truhlar, Donald Gene [1986]
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Citation: For his many outstanding contributions to theoretical chemical dynamics and out understanding of chemical reactions leading to new understanding of phase transitions.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

Tsang, Won-Tien [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For outstanding work in the field of semiconductor lasers, including contributions to the development of molecular beam epitaxy for their fabrication, and for contributions to the development of chemical beam epitaxy.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Turner, Michael S. [1986]
University of Chicago
Citation: For outstanding work at the interface of particle physics and cosmology which has led to a new understanding of the early Universe.
Nominated by: Division of Astrophysics

Turner, William C. [1986]
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For scientific and leadership contributions on ion microstability, beta and thermal barriers in magnetic mirror experiments, and field-reversed plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Waltz, Ronald E. [1986]
General Atomics
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of transport in tokamaks and for pioneering numerical simulations of turbulent transport in plasmas.
Nominated by: Division of Plasma Physics

Weeks, John David [1986]
University of Maryland
Citation: For fundamental contributions to the theory of liquids, crystal growth, interfacial properties and the surface roughening transition.
Nominated by: Division of Chemical Physics

White, Clark Woody [1986]
No Company Provided
Citation: For basic research on laser annealing of semiconductors, ion implantation, and ion-beam surface layer analysis.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Willens, Ronald H. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of new amorphous materials and the study of their formation.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Wineland, David Jeffrey [1986]
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Citation: For the development of techniques for the storage of ions and electrons and the application of these to problems of substantial fundamental and practical interest.
Nominated by: Division of Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics

Winstein, Bruce [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For contributions to a series of precision measurements of the strong-weak electromagnetic and CP violating forces in the neutral kaon system.
Nominated by: Division of Particles and Fields

Wolf, Kevin L. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: In recognition of original, innovative research in nuclear fission and in heavy ion reactions.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Yu, Ming Lun [1986]
First Solar, LLC
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of dynamic charge transfer processes between sputtered atoms and solid surfaces, and for the application of these concepts in secondary ion mass spectrometry.
Nominated by: Division of Condensed Matter Physics

Zafiratos, Chris D. [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his experimental studies of multi-nucleon transfer reactions and charge exchange reactions and their use to elucidate nuclear structure.
Nominated by: Division of Nuclear Physics

Ziyaeddin, Ahmet [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For interpretation of dynamic light and neutron scattering from polymer solutions.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics

Zoller, Paul [1986]
Affiliation not available
Citation: For his contributions to the measurement of the thermodynamic or quasi-thermodynamic properties of polymer systems in the melt, crystalline and glassy states and of transitions between these.
Nominated by: Division of Polymer Physics