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All degree data used in the top educator tables are representative of the most recent three years of available data. Degree data is collected from the IPEDS Completion Survey by Race. IPEDS data is collected from every institution that participates in the federal student financial aid programs. Each school appoints a person to complete the IPEDS survey from which the data is gathered.
Data include all physics degrees as well as degrees that are frequently awarded in physics departments, such as engineering physics/applied physics, astrophysics, and physics teacher education. At institutions that have separate departments for e.g. applied physics or astrophysics, the data reflect the total number of degrees awarded in physics and allied departments. For the top educator tables, physics teacher education is not included for graduate degrees.
For URM, we include African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans who are U.S. Citizens or Permanent Residents, and for the percentage of URM, we divide by only U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents. Although the numbers represent the true population as indicated by the IPEDS survey, year-to-year fluctuations involving small numbers of students can significantly alter the percentage over time.