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Given that physics is one of the broadest scientific disciplines, in the course of receiving a physics degree most students develop expertise with a great variety of scientific instruments and techniques. These kinds of "hard skills" are what make physicists so attractive to employers in physics, engineering and computer science fields. Examples of these "hard skills" include:
At the same time, there are a host of "soft" skills which are used by physicists working in every sector—be it as a university professor, a research scientist at a company, or a staff scientist at a national lab. These "soft skills" include:
These are skills which are at the core of success in any field you decide to pursue, and they are the skills you should be actively cultivating as you move through your educational career.
Your Secret Weapon: A Career Journal
As a part of your self-assessment process, take time to inventory all of the possible skills and experiences you have acquired in your lifetime and don't leave anything out! Even experiences that don't seem relevant could someday give you an extra edge on a job application.
This step is vitally important because when the time comes for you to start writing a resume for an actual position, you will use these skills as building blocks to create a tailored picture of your expertise appropriate for that specific job.
For more information on creating a skills inventory, watch this clip from Peter Fiske's webinar "Putting Your Science to Work."
Skills which Transfer to an Industrial Environment
Learn what specific skills Ph.D. graduate Megan Anzelc serve her in her current career at CNA insurance.