University of Calabria, Italy
Candidate for Member-at-Large
Galileo Violini, born in 1942, graduated in Physics in 1965 at University of Rome, where, between 1965 and 1987, he was professor of Algebra and of Mathematical Methods of Physics. Since 1987 he is professor of Theoretical Physics at University of Calabria since 1987, where currently he is the delegate of the rector for international relations.
He has been a founder in 1985 of the Centro Internacional de Física (CIF) in Bogota (Colombia), which he directed until 1994 (and currently is Director Emeritus). Under his direction CIF organized more than 100 events, not only in Colombia, but also in other Andean countries. From 1994 he directed a four-year European Union program at the University of El Salvador, From 1998 he was responsible for higher education UNESCO scientific programs in Latin America, at the Santiago Regional Office, and then for two years director of UNESCO's Office in Iran. He has also organized workshops in El Salvador and Iran, the latter having led to the cooperation agreement between Iran and CERN.
In 1995 he received the APS Wheatley Award for the creation and direction of CIF. In 2001 he was appointed APS fellow for his broad contribution to Physics, the development of new international programs and the promotion of international cooperation between advanced and developing countries.
He has been a member of several committees for the promotion of international cooperation in science, in Europe (International Dimension of the Europe of knowledge), US (Latin American Institute at Texas A&M, Panamerican Association for Physics, IITAP Advisory Committee) and Latin America (Fundamental Physics in the Andean Region). He has been member at large of FIP Executive Committee (2007-2009).
He has collaborated on several feasibility studies of scientific development programs in Poland, Japan, Colombia, Italy and Chile. In addition he performed a study on Physics in Central America for UNESCO and collaborated on a mission to explore the possibility of international scientific programs in the Middle East which could contribute to the peace in that region.
Violini's main research activity in Physics has been in Particle Physics, an area in which he was coauthor of the book “Dispersion theory in High-Energy Physics”. Beside his papers in this area he has published several papers on Science policy and on Science Teaching.
APS is an association with a dual character. It is an US institution and has a global membership, with a very significant presence of non US members. Its membership makes it the largest and more important community of physicists. A large number of its programs are intrinsically international and international cooperative actions play a significant and increasingly important role. For this I consider important that the international character of APS reflect in its units Executive Committees. This is particularly true in the FIP case. I intend to contribute with my experience in international scientific policy, in particular in two regions of special importance for the US, Latin America and Middle East. Taking advantage of my experience in institutional building, I intend to promote programs which strengthen institutional cooperation, specially, but not uniquely, in these regions. In this activity the fact that I come from Europe may be instrumental in obtaining additional participation from European countries. Such institutional cooperation needs to be encouraged at many levels. Among them are the exchange of students and young researchers, the Ph D training, cooperative research and teaching programs. However, beside these, I consider essential the promotion of the establishment of institutions in the South, and of South-South cooperation. Both of them need support from the North, and I hope to contribute with my experience, which includes my North origin and institution building in the South. These ideas are broadly shared within FIP whose role in their promotion may be unique, so that they become part of the culture of APS, and can be proposed beyond APS, thanks to the authority and reputation it possesses.