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Welcome to the April 2015 edition of the American Physical Society’s Division of Laser Science (DLS) newsletter. The division chair, Dr. John Fourkas, has outlined the important items in this issue in his letter below. I encourage you to read his letter, as well as the rest of this issue.
For those who prefer to print out a hard copy of this newsletter rather than merely reading the hypertext version, here are some instructions for doing so: Take a look at the menu at the left. In the light blue box, there is a "Print" link next to a little printer icon. Clicking on that link should take you to a printable version of the newsletter. Once you are viewing the printable version, if you select File and Print in your browser's command menu, you should be able to print all pages of the newsletter.
This is my last issue as editor of the newsletter. After five years, I am stepping down to pursue other service opportunities within the APS. Chad Hoyt from Bethel University has agreed to take over the position of newsletter editor. Thank you, Chad! Please send all suggestions for future content to him at firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you so much.
Amy VanEngen Spivey, outgoing editor
What a year to have the honor of being the Chair of the Division of Laser Science! My term began at the end of our annual meeting in Tucson in October. A mere two weeks earlier, the Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry had been announced. The Physics Nobel was awarded to Shuji Nakamura, Isamu Akasaki, and DLS member Hiroshi Amano, whose development of blue light-emitting diodes paved the way to today’s readily available blue diode lasers (and had many other important applications). The Chemistry Nobel was awarded to Eric Betzig and DLS members W. E. Moerner and Stefan Hell for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopies, all of which depend on the use of lasers.
The Nobel Prizes were a fitting way to set the stage for 2015, which the United Nations has declared the International Year of Light and Light Based Technologies. IYL was kicked off at UNESCO in Paris in the middle of January in a fabulous two-day session that featured wonderful presentations by Physics Nobel Laureates Serge Haroche, Zhores Alferov, William Phillips, Steven Chu, and Ahmed Zewail (the last three of whom are DLS members). The focus of the opening ceremony was not just on science, but rather how light (or its absence) affects all aspects of our lives. This year is a fantastic opportunity for all of us to teach the public about laser science and how important it is, and I encourage all of you to develop and/or become involved in activities related to IYL. I encourage you to visit the official IYL web page for more information.
This year also brings sad news for laser science. Charles Townes, the co-inventor of the maser, passed away on January 27 at age 99. His advances underpin the research of most, if not all, of the members of DLS. He was also a wonderful ambassador of science, and he will be missed dearly. For more information on his life, please see the APS web page.
One of the great pleasures of the Laser Science meeting in October 2014 was the presentation of the first Award for Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation in Laser Science, which went to Ido Kaminer of Technion for his work on “Shaping Light in Complex Settings.” All of the finalists gave phenomenal presentations, and it was a great way to kick off this new program. Please see the APS web page for more details.
I’m also pleased to announce that Christopher Monroe, of the University of Maryland, College Park, is the winner of the 2015 Schawlow Prize for his work on quantum information processing with trapped atomic ions. Please see the APS Schawlow Prize page for more details.
2014 also saw the elevation of six of our members to Fellowship status within DLS: Christopher Barty (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), Raymond Beach (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), Yujie Ding (Lehigh University), Stephen Doorn (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Roberto Morandotti (INRS University), and Kevin Webb (Purdue University).
DLS again sponsored a session at the APS March Meeting in San Antonio. The session, which is entitled “New Frontiers in Laser Science,” was held on March 2. The speakers were David Chandler, Marsha Lester, Amy Mullin, Mark Raizen and Marlan Scully. CLEO will be held from May 10 to 15 in San Jose. Our annual meeting will be held from October 18 to 22, also in San Jose. The Symposium on Undergraduate Research will be held as part of the meeting, and the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation competition will be held again. Our General Chair for the Laser Science meeting is Galina Khitrova, and the Program Chair is Randy Bartels. As a reminder, Student Travel Grants and Child Care Grants will be available for both meetings. Please see the DLS home page for more details.
I would like to extend a warm welcome to our new Executive Committee members Peter Delfyett (Vice Chair), Joseph Haus (Secretary/Treasurer), Munira Khalil and Galina Khitrova (Members at Large), Nick Bigelow (Councilor), and Chad Hoyt (who will be taking over as Newsletter Editor). I would also like to thank the Executive Committee members who have just rotated off, including Henry Kapteyn (Past Chair), Anthony Johnson (Councilor), Randy Bartels and Greg Engel (Members at Large), Anne Meyers-Kelley, who spent 6 years as our Secretary/Treasurer, providing continuity for the Division and keeping everything moving smoothly, and Amy Spivey, who is stepping down as Newsletter Editor after five years. Our new EC members have big shoes to fill!
Chair, APS Division of Laser Science
There are many benefits to joining the Division of Laser Science when you become a member of APS. These benefits include:
Students can join APS (and DLS) for free in their first year of membership, and regular APS members pay just $8.00 extra to join the division.
Encourage your colleagues and students in optics and laser physics, or anyone who uses lasers on a regular basis, to join the APS Division of Laser Science!
Congratulations to the recently elected members of the Division of Laser Science Executive Committee! The most recent DLS election closed on January 15, and Munira Khalil and Galina Khitrova join the Executive Committee as members-at-large. They will serve through the close of the 2017 Laser Science meeting. In addition, Peter Delfyett was elected Vice-Chair of the Division. He will serve for one year in that office and then move up to the Chair-Elect position. Joseph Haus was elected to a three-year term as Secretary-Treasurer, and Nicolas Bigelow joins the Executive Committee in the role of Councilor. Many thanks go to all of the candidates who agreed to be nominated and to the members who participated in the election, as well as to the outgoing division officers!
Including the newly elected officers, the current members of the DLS Executive Committee are as follows:
John Fourkas (University of Maryland – College Park)
Roseanne Sension (University of Michigan – Ann Arbor)
Peter Delfyett (University of Central Florida)
Antoinette Taylor (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
Secretary / Treasurer
Joseph Haus (University of Dayton)
Nicholas Bigelow (University of Rochester)
Richard Averitt (Boston University)
Ralph Jimenez (University of Colorado – Boulder)
Kristan Corwin (Kansas State University)
Albert Stolow (National Research Council of Canada)
Munira Khalil (University of Washington)
Galina Khitrova (University of Arizona)
Newsletter editor (outgoing)
Amy VanEngen Spivey (University of Puget Sound)
Newsletter editor (incoming)
Chad Hoyt (Bethel University)
Congratulations to the 2015 recipient of the Arthur Schawlow Prize: Christopher Monroe of the University of Maryland! According to the APS web site, he is being recognized “for pioneering research in the use of lasers to realize the elements of quantum information processing with trapped atomic ions, including demonstrations of remote entanglement for quantum communication protocols and use of frequency combs for high-speed qubit manipulation and entanglement.”
The Division of Laser Science has established a new Dissertation Award that was presented for the first time in 2014. Its purpose is to recognize doctoral research in the Laser Science area and to encourage effective written and oral presentation of research results. Finalists were chosen by a selection committee based on a written application and summary of the dissertation. The four finalists presented their work at a special session of the Laser Science conference (held in October 2014 in Tucson, Arizona).
After consideration of the oral presentations, the selection committee chose the recipient of the award, Ido Kaminer of the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology. The award consisted of $1,000 and a certificate citing the contribution made by the recipient. The photo to the right shows the four finalists (Sheila Dwyer, Andrew Fidler, Ido Kaminer, and Michael Chini) with the members of the selection committee (Randy Bartels, Kristan Corwin, and David Reitze) at the DLS Banquet at the Laser Science conference in October 2014.
Deadlines for submission: May 19 and June 1, 2015
The Division of Laser Science established the Award for Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation in Laser Science in 2013 to recognize doctoral research in the Laser Science area and to encourage effective written and oral presentation of research results. The award consists of $1,000 and a certificate citing the contribution made by the recipient. The finalists will present their work at a special session of the Laser Science conference (October 18-22, 2015 in San Jose, California).
Applicants for the 2015 competition must submit an abstract for a regular contributed talk to the Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science conference and check the box to opt in to the DLS Dissertation Award competition. Applicants for the 2015 competition must submit an abstract for a regular contributed talk to the Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science conference by May 19, 2015, and must submit additional materials to the Selection Committee by June 1, 2015. For complete rules and application process, please see the DLS web site.
Doctoral students at any university in the United States or abroad who have passed their dissertation defense for the Ph.D. any time during the three calendar years preceding application June 1, 2015 deadline and who are members of DLS are eligible for the award. The topic must be appropriate for DLS — i.e., involves a novel application of the light-matter interaction, broadly construed and encompassing emerging new optical techniques for science, the science uncovered by new laser capabilities, and the physics of coherent light sources. Topics employing well-established laser techniques to novel systems or problems in other areas are not appropriate. A student may be a finalist in the competition only once. Eligible non-finalists from prior years may reapply by submitting an entirely new package, which may be the same as the original package. Applications are NOT reconsidered automatically.
(courtesy Harold Metcalf)
More than 50 students participated in the 2014 Symposium on Undergraduate Research at FiO/LS.
The Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science 2014 meeting concluded in Tucson, Arizona, on October 23, after five days of technical sessions, special symposia, tutorials, special events, and exhibits. Attendees heard presentations from leading experts on hot topics such as biomedical optics, silicon photonics, fiber optics, lasers, hybrid integrated photonics, and more.
In addition, the Division of Laser Science hosted its 14th Symposium on Undergraduate Research, with more than 50 students from all over the country presenting talks and posters. The photo below shows the participants for this year’s symposium, and the program for the 2014 symposium can be found here. More information about past symposia can be found on the APS web page.
(courtesy Daniel Gauthier)
NLSC-8 attendees in the sunny, hot, dry Tucson desert.
The 8th New Laser Scientist Conference (NLSC) was held on October 23-24, concurrent with the Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science meeting. This year’s NLSC was attended by 17 laser scientists and was coordinated by Dan Gauthier (Duke University) and Jason Jones (University of Arizona). The NLSC helps to establish a peer group for new laser scientists in the DLS and includes roundtable discussions as well as interactions with past funding program managers. This conference is designed to benefit new faculty and scientists who are within a few years of their first permanent appointment. The 2014 program consisted of a mix of oral presentations where attendees presented a proposal idea, a mock proposal review, and discussions related to funding, work/life balance, and starting up a research group. Participants also engaged in informal discussions over meals and breaks. Funding for the conference was provided by the Division of Laser Science.
The 9th NLSC will take place in conjunction with the 2016 FiO/LS meeting in Rochester, New York. It will be coordinated by Jason Jones (University of Arizona). More details can be found on the APS web site.
Dates: May 10-15, 2015
Location: San Jose Convention Center, San Jose, California, USA
Abstract submission deadline: December 16, 2014
Post-deadline submissions accepted until: April 6, 2015
Reduced-price registration deadline: April 13, 2015
Hotel reservation deadline: April 17, 2015
This year’s CLEO conference will feature more than 1700 technical presentations and 300 companies showing their products on the exhibit floor. The presentations will be presented in three core areas – CLEO:QELS - Fundamental Science, CLEO: Science & Innovations, and CLEO: Applications & Technology. Come and see what’s cooking in San Jose!
Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Dates: June 8-12, 2015
Location: Columbus, Ohio, USA
Early registration deadline: May 1, 2015
Housing deadline: May 13, 2015
Final registration deadline: May 22, 2015
Frontiers in Optics 2015 and Laser Science XXXI (FiO/LS)
Dates: October 18-22, 2015
Location: Fairmont Hotel San Jose, San Jose, California, USA
Abstract submission deadline: May 25, 2015
Post-deadline submission deadline: October 5, 2015
This conference serves as the annual meeting of the APS Division of Laser Science and is co-located with the Optical Society’s Frontiers in Optics conference. Paper submission categories for the Laser Science part of the meeting will be as follows:
Paper submission categories for Frontiers in Optics are listed on the conference web page.
APS March Meeting 2016
Dates: March 14-18, 2016
Location: Baltimore, Maryland
Congratulations to the following new APS Fellows who were nominated through the Division of Laser Science!
Christopher P.J. Barty (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
Citation: For pioneering contributions to the advancement of ultrahigh intensity laser science and to the development of laser-based x-ray and gamma-ray science.
Raymond J. Beach (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
Citation: For seminal contributions to high-average-power diode-end-pumped lasers, including many breakthroughs, widely adopted by the laser community, that have helped push such lasers to higher average powers and efficiencies, and for leadership in developing diode-pumped alkali-vapor lasers, and models for coherent and incoherent photon echoes.
Yujie Ding (Lehigh University)
Citation: For his contributions to develop bright terahertz wave sources based on nonlinear parametric processes.
Stephen K. Doorn (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
Citation: For his pioneering accomplishments in defining, shaping, and leading the field of spectroscopic characterization of carbon nanomaterials, including single-walled nanotubes and graphene.
Roberto Morandotti (INRS - Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Canada)
Citation: For pioneering contributions in discrete optics, nonlinear dynamics, and nonlinear optics in the THz domain.
Kevin Webb (Purdue University)
Citation: For seminal contributions to the description of waves in complex media, including optical forces and energy in dispersive systems, nanophotonics, metamaterial properties, and the characterization of random scattering media.
Deadline for nominations: July 1, 2015
The Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science is sponsored by the Division of Laser Science. It recognizes outstanding contributions to basic research which uses lasers to advance our knowledge of the fundamental physical properties of materials and their interaction with light. Some examples of relevant areas of research are: nonlinear optics, ultrafast phenomena, laser spectroscopy, squeezed states, quantum optics, multiphoton physics, laser cooling and trapping, physics of lasers, particle acceleration by lasers, and short wavelength lasers. The prize consists of $10,000 plus an allowance for travel to the meeting at which the prize is awarded and a certificate citing the contributions made by the recipient. The prize is awarded annually.
Nominations are open to candidates who have made outstanding contributions to basic research using lasers. To nominate a colleague for the 2016 Schawlow Prize, please refer to the nomination guidelines.
Next deadline: May 30, 2015
The Distinguished Traveling Lecturer (DTL) Program is sponsored by the DLS, and its goal is to bring distinguished scientists to speak at colleges and departments that might not otherwise have the resources to invite them. The program covers the speaker’s honorarium and travel expenses, while the host institution is responsible for the speaker’s local expenses. Application deadlines occur on May 30 and November 30 each year. The current distinguished lecturers are:
Laurie Butler (University of Chicago)
Hui Cao (Yale University)
Jim Kafka (Spectra-Physics / Newport)
Wayne Knox (University of Rochester)
Chris Monroe (University of Maryland)
Luis Orozco (University of Maryland)
Carlos Stroud (University of Rochester)
Ron Walsworth (Harvard University)
Linda Young (Argonne National Laboratory)
(from Anne Kelly, outgoing DLS Secretary-Treasurer)
Executive Boardroom 1, JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort, Tucson, AZ
Oct. 21, 2014
Attending: Toni Taylor (Chair), John Fourkas (Chair-Elect), Roseanne Sension (Vice-Chair), Anne Myers Kelley (Secretary-Treasurer), Randy Bartels, Rick Averitt, Kristan Corwin, Amy VanEngen Spivey (Newsletter Editor)
The meeting was called to order by Toni Taylor at 9:03 am.
The minutes from the 2014 CLEO EC meeting were approved.
Anne Kelley gave a financial report. The overall DLS balance has remained fairly constant over the past several years and stands at $446,918 at the end of August. The projected income from CLEO 2014 is currently about $12K compared with a pre-conference estimate of $16K and actual income from 2013 of $17K. The projected DLS share of the cancellation penalty for moving CLEO 2015 from Baltimore to San Jose currently stands at about $15K, which will approximately cancel any income from CLEO 2015. The Schawlow fund stood at $216,199 at the end of August. This is still slightly below what is needed to pay both the $10,000 prize and the associated expenses (travel, lodging) for the awardee, so DLS is paying the expenses from our general fund. The next Newsletter should contain another request for donations to the Schawlow fund.
Anne reported on the Student Travel Grant and Child Care Grant programs. Only two Student Travel Grant applications were received for FiO/LS and both were awarded, although one had received a grant for the previous CLEO. No Child Care Grant applications were received. After some discussion, the EC voted to limit future Student Travel Grants to one per student per career. The EC also voted to allocate $10,000 to the Student Travel Grant program for 2015 (CLEO plus FiO/LS) and $1,000 total to the Child Care Grant program.
Steve Cundiff, a member of the Nominating Committee, reported on the upcoming DLS election. A full slate of candidates has been assembled for everything except the Secretary-Treasurer position. Steve has contacted some people who said they’d run next year, and suggested rotating nominating committee members to retain some institutional memory.
Dave Reitze, chair of the DLS Dissertation Award committee, reported on the award. This year’s committee consisted of Dave, Kristan Corwin, and Randy Bartels. Eight complete applications were received, spanning a broad range of topics. The four finalists gave presentations on Monday and the committee selected Ido Kaminer as the winner. Dave will announce this at tonight’s banquet. The committee feels there is sufficient interest that the competition should be held every year. The rules need to be clarified to require that the dissertation must have been defended prior to the application deadline, not prior to the meeting. The application procedure should also be modified to require that the dissertation itself (either a copy or a web link) be provided to the committee, with an understanding of confidentiality. The three current members of the committee are willing to stay on for next year, and suggest that a fourth person be added. The EC voted to hold the competition again next year and to allocate $4,000 from DLS funds (four travel grants at $750 each and one award at $1,000). There was discussion of fundraising for an endowment that would support the award; about $75K would be needed. Darlene Logan in the APS development office is willing to help but we need to do the work to find donors.
Hal Metcalf reported on the Symposium on Undergraduate Research. There were 51 participants, a record. Students stayed and had Sunday dinner at the Doubletree Hotel in town, per Jennifer Garcia’s recommendation (U of Arizona contact). Monday a bus arranged through the U of A took most of the students to the conference site where they attended the plenary/awards session, had lunch with a number of awardees, and then had well attended poster and oral sessions. Monday evening, U of A optical sciences provided transportation to campus for dinner and lab tours, and transportation back to Doubletree. No industrial support from local companies was received this year, and because of the expense of the site, the cost of the symposium was considerably higher than usual. The OSA meetings staff (Alex Marquez, Laura Spencer, Leah Oleszewski, April Zak) were very helpful. Next year in San Jose the costs should be back to normal. Hal will run next year’s meeting, but we need someone, or perhaps two people, to take over future Symposia and should overlap with Hal this coming year. The EC voted to allocate $9,000 for next year’s Symposium.
Steve Cundiff, the DLS representative to the CLEO Long Range Planning Committee, gave a report. The committee has met several times both by teleconference and in person. Kent Choquette (IEEE) is the chair, other members include Craig Arnold (OSA), an industry rep, an exhibitor rep, and others who rarely participate. Surveys show attendee satisfaction from the technical meeting dropped severely in 2012 and 2013, but this is primarily among infrequent or first-time attendees who may be largely students. Several changes have already been made including a call for symposium proposals from the scientific community; this resulted in 17 submissions, of which 8 were accepted for the 2015 program. Other proposed changes include targeting which exhibits are advertised to specific sessions, reviewing policies and procedures to enhance empowerment of chairs, and setting up a permanent long-range planning committee for CLEO:S&I.
John Fourkas gave an update on the March meeting. DLS again has one invited session on Monday morning.
The committee discussed Rainer Grobe’s report on the Distinguished Traveling Lecturer program. Currently the DTL committee is accepting all proposals it deems worthy. While the EC agreed that this is an excellent program and one that should be continued, it was felt that to control costs and insure that only the most worthy proposals are funded, the number awarded each year should be limited. The EC voted to limit the number of awards to four per year (spread over May and Nov applications) to start in calendar year 2015. There was also concern about the lack of turnover among DTLs. After some discussion, the EC agreed that the longest-standing DTLs should be asked to rotate off, and newly selected DTLs should have a term of five years. It was also agreed that the receiving institution, not the DTL, should submit a report summarizing the visit, including what was done to acknowledge/promote DLS. DTLs should be given a graphic to show, modified as they wish. Finally, an EC member not in the chair line (as the chair must approve all DTL visits) should be on the DTL committee. Rick Averitt agreed to serve in this capacity. John Fourkas will discuss these changes with Rainer.
OSA Deputy Executive Director Chad Stark and Senior Director of Conference & Meeting Services Britt Jackman joined for a discussion of the CLEO and FiO/Laser Science meetings. OSA is thinking seriously about whether its annual meeting is properly serving its membership and how it could do better. Decisions will be made at OSA’s winter leadership meeting in February. OSA wants input from us; Anne will gather and send to Chad. The proposed CLEO schedule for 2015 moves plenary sessions to the afternoon to increase participation, but also shortens them; also adds a happy hour during the exhibit on Wednesday in the hope of increasing traffic. There is no change in the number of technical program slots. Future CLEO dates: 10-15 May 2015, San Jose; 5-10 June 2016, San Jose. Chad agreed to maintain the undergraduate symposium registration fee of $140 for FiO next year, but other registration fees will go up 3%. EC members asked about putting student travel grant information and advertising dissertation award on CLEO and FiO web page, and putting both on advertising e-mails. Chad was agreeable to this. We can also print a flyer and have it put into the attendee bags. We just need to get copies made and mailed to the appropriate place soon enough before the meeting.
Toni Taylor discussed the APS Leadership Convocation, Feb. 20-21, 2015 in College Park, MD, with congressional visits the day before. APS will fund travel for up to three DLS EC members. Roseanne Sension agreed to go.
Amy Spivey is stepping down as Newsletter editor in order to serve on the APS northwest section EC. She and Henry Kapteyn both suggested several possible replacements. EC members were identified to ask these people in an agreed-upon order.
Jason Jones, co-chair of the New Laser Scientists Conference (other co-chair is Dan Gauthier), gave a report. The meeting runs from Thursday mid-day through Friday of this week. Attendance is expected at 17, mostly Asst. Profs. An ex-DARPA program officer will give a talk on funding. This year, all participants were asked to submit a mock one-page NSF proposal summary which will be critiqued and ranked by peers. DLS allocated $5K for this meeting, and the expected costs are just under this. Jason will be chair for the next meeting in 2016 in Rochester and is willing to seek corporate funding as well as grants from NSF, for example. Anne will ask Mike Stephens about the feasibility of running an NSF grant through APS.
There was brief discussion of program chairs for Laser Science in 2015. Galina Khitrova has agreed to stay on for a second year. Randy Bartels is willing to serve as the second chair. The EC approved Randy Bartels’ nomination.
Kristan Corwin agreed to serve as the point person in implementing the drive to increase membership that was agreed to at our last meeting. Members of APS who are not DLS members will be offered free membership in DLS for the remainder of their current membership year.
The meeting was adjourned at 3:05 pm.