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Welcome to the January 2011 Division of Laser Science (DLS) Newsletter! This issue of the newsletter features highlights from the October 2010 Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science meeting, including information about the Symposium on Undergraduate Research and the New Laser Scientists Conference, which were held in parallel with the conference. It also highlights recent awards given out by the DLS and the induction of new 2010 APS Fellows from within the ranks of DLS members. You will also find results from the most recent DLS elections, information about upcoming conferences, and the minutes of the October DLS Executive Committee meeting. Thank you for taking the time to read the newsletter and to stay informed about events that affect members of the APS Division of Laser Science.
For those who prefer to print out a hard copy of this newsletter rather than merely reading the hypertext version, here are some instructions for doing so: Take a look at the menu at the left. In the light blue box, there is a "Print" link next to a little printer icon. Clicking on that link should take you to a printable version of the newsletter. Once you are viewing the printable version, if you select File and Print in your browser's command menu, you should be able to print all pages of the newsletter.
As always, feel free to contact me with any comments, questions, or items for inclusion on the next newsletter, which should come out in July.
Amy VanEngen Spivey, editor
It is an honor to serve as the 2011 Chair of the APS Division of Laser Science. Last year was an exciting year for the Division because it was the 50th anniversary of the laser, which was marked by LaserFest, an event jointly sponsored by the APS and several other professional organizations. Last year’s DLS Chair, Warren Warren, spent considerable effort getting the DLS involved in LaserFest, which was a resounding success. I would like to thank Warren for his efforts on behalf of the Division, both in the context of LaserFest and beyond. The current plan is for the LaserFest website to be maintained in the future, partially through support from the DLS.
This year will be the 50th anniversary of nonlinear optics. The famous paper by Franken, Hill, Peters and Weinreich that first demonstrated second harmonic generation appeared in Physical Review Letters on August 15th of 1961. While not as momentous as the invention of the laser itself, it was certainly an important milestone for our field. I expect that this anniversary will also be recognized in various ways during the year.
Also important to our field is the CLEO/QELS conference (the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics / Quantum Electronics and Laser Science). While the technical conference remains vibrant, the conference as a whole, which includes the exhibition, has been struggling financially. To draw on the strength of the “CLEO” brand name, in 2011 the CLEO name will be applied to all parts of the conference including QELS, which is now “CLEO:QELS – Fundamental Science”. But don’t worry; it is the same old QELS conference that we have been attending for years. This and other adjustments being made to CLEO should bring it onto a path to financial stability. This year’s CLEO conference will take place in Baltimore, Maryland, on May 1-6, 2011.
The Laser Science meeting, which is the annual meeting of the Division, will be held October 16-20, 2011, in San Jose, California. It will run in conjunction with the Frontiers in Optics meeting, as has been the tradition. The program co-chairs for the 2011 Laser Science meeting are Robert Boyd from the University of Rochester and Roseanne Sension from the University of Michigan. I am sure that they are busy putting together an outstanding program.
I look forward to serving as Chair of the Division of Laser Science in 2011.
Chair, APS Division of Laser Science
In the most recent DLS election, Nora Berrah and David Reitze were elected to the Executive Committee as members-at-large. They will serve through the close of the 2013 Laser Science meeting. Henry Kapteyn has been elected Vice-Chair of the Division. He will serve for one year in that office and then move up to the Chair-Elect position. Anthony Johnson has been elected Divisional Councilor. Many thanks go to all of the candidates who agreed to be nominated and to the members who participated in the election.
Including the newly elected officers, the current members of the Executive Committee of the Division of Laser Science are as follows:
Steven Cundiff (JILA, NIST and University of Colorado)
Carlos Stroud (University of Rochester)
Henry Kapteyn (University of Colorado)
Warren S. Warren (Duke University)
Secretary / Treasurer
Anne Kelley (University of California – Merced)
Anthony Johnson (University of Maryland – Baltimore County)
Michael Downer (University of Texas – Austin)
Robert Jones (University of Virginia)
Maria Allegrini (University of Pisa)
Paul Berman (University of Michigan - Ann Arbor)
David Reitze (University of Florida)
Nora Berrah (Western Michigan University)
Amy VanEngen Spivey (University of Puget Sound)
(text and photos courtesy the Optical Society)
FiO/LS 2010 wrapped up in Rochester after a week of cutting-edge optics and photonics research presentations, powerful networking opportunities, quality educational programming and an exhibit hall featuring leading companies in the field. Headlining the popular Plenary Session and Awards Ceremony were Alain Aspect (speaking on quantum optics), Steven Block (who discussed single molecule biophysics), and award winners Joseph Eberly, Henry Kapteyn and Margaret Murnane.
Led by general co-chairs Karl Koch of Corning Inc. and Lukas Novotny of the University of Rochester, FiO/LS 2010 showcased the highest quality optics and photonics research—in many cases merging multiple disciplines, including chemistry, biology, quantum mechanics and materials science, to name a few. This year, highlighted research included using LEDs to treat skin cancer, examining energy trends of communications equipment, quantum encryption over longer distances, and improvements to biological and chemical sensors.
The conference also drew together leading laser scientists for one final celebration of LaserFest – the 50th anniversary of the first laser. In honor of the anniversary, the conference’s Industrial Physics Forum brought together speakers to discuss applications of laser technology in areas like biomedicine, environmental technology and metrology. Other special events included the Arthur Ashkin Symposium, which commemorated Ashkin's contributions to the understanding and use of light pressure forces on the 40th anniversary of his seminal paper “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure”, and the Symposium on Optical Communications, where speakers reviewed the history and physics of optical fiber communication systems in honor of 2009 Nobel Prize winner Charles Kao.
With higher attendance in 2010—more than 1,700 attendees and 85 exhibiting companies—and more than 850 technical presentations, FiO/LS 2010 was the place to be for researchers, businesspersons, educators and anyone with an interest in the optics and photonics field. More information and press releases from the conference.
(information and photos courtesy Harold Metcalf)
Symposium on Undergraduate Research participants and organizers
The Symposium on Undergraduate Research, held on Monday, October 25, at the Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science XXVI conference in Rochester, was a great success. At the symposium, 45 undergraduate students from all over the country presented posters or talks about their work. There were also opportunities for the students to meet and hear from nationally-known optical scientists. For example, on Sunday night before the symposium, attendees were able to attend a lovely buffet dinner. During dinner, optics entrepreneur Arthur Davis described his career, as did several of the faculty mentors, including session chairs Amy Sullivan and Hong Lin.
On Monday, the symposium began at noon with box lunches in the meeting room while the students heard inspiring remarks from several distinguished guests, including Alain Aspect, Joe Eberly, Henry Kapteyn, Jenny Magnes, Margaret Murnane, and Martin Richardson. Lunch was followed by a very well-attended poster session and two consecutive oral sessions over the remainder of the afternoon. The day concluded with a farewell dinner attended by the students, mentors and a few of our sponsors.
Many thanks go to the symposium sponsors: the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, the National Science Foundation, Thorlabs, Fibertek, Photonics Industries, East Coast Optical Technologies, and the Journal of Physical Chemistry.
(courtesy Steven Cundiff)
The 6th New Laser Scientists Conference (NLSC) took place on October 28-29, 2010, in Rochester, New York. The conference brought together 21 "new laser scientists" - mainly faculty members in their first or second years - along with program managers from several funding agencies. This year, NLSC was organized by Steven Cundiff and Dan Stamper-Kurn, who will organize it again in 2012. The NLSC meeting is fully sponsored by the APS Division of Laser Science.
CLEO: 2011 (Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics)
Dates: May 1 – 6, 2011
Location: Baltimore Convention Center, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Abstract submission deadline: December 2, 2010 (extended to December 20)
Pre-registration deadline: March 21, 2011
Housing reservation deadline: April 1, 2011
Some of the highlights of CLEO: 2011 will include plenary sessions, short courses, symposia, tutorials, and poster sessions as well as:
A number of travel grants (from a variety of sources) are available for students planning to attend CLEO: 2011. Please visit the student section of the CLEO web site for more information.
Nonlinear Optics (NLO) 2011
Dates: July 17-22, 2011
Location: Marriott Kauai Beach Resort, Kauai, Hawaii
Paper submission deadline: March 16, 2011
Come celebrate 50 years of nonlinear optics at Nonlinear Optics 2011! Invited speakers include Nicolaas Bloembergen, Robert Byer, Gérard Mourou, Algis Piskarskas, Ron Shen, and Amnon Yariv. This conference is sponsored by the Optical Society.
Frontiers in Optics 2011 and Laser Science XXVII (FiO/LS)
Dates: October 16-20, 2011
Location: San Jose, California, USA
Co-chairs: Roseanne Sension (U. of Michigan) and Robert Boyd (U. of Ottawa and U. of Rochester)
This conference serves as the annual meeting of the APS Division of Laser Science and is co-located with the Optical Society’s Frontiers in Optics conference. More details will be forthcoming.
(deadline: March 15)
(from Anne Kelley, DLS Secretary/Treasurer)
We are now accepting applications for Student Travel Grants to assist with travel costs to CLEO:2011 in Baltimore, MD, May 1-6, 2011. The deadline for receipt of completed applications is March 15, 2011.
Through this program, DLS will provide partial funding (up to $500) for a limited number of graduate students to attend and participate in CLEO. To be eligible, an applicant must be a full-time graduate student, a member of the Division of Laser Science, and the presenting author on an oral or poster paper. Normally the recommending faculty member must also be a DLS member. Only one award will be given per research group. Checks will be issued at the meeting.
For more information and application forms, please see the DLS web site here.
Congratulations to the 2011 recipient of the Arthur Schawlow Prize: Jorge Rocca of Colorado State University! According to the APS web site, Professor Rocca is being recognized “for pioneering developments in compact soft x-ray lasers and applications of these lasers in high resolution imaging, plasma diagnostics, interferometry and material studies.”
The Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science is sponsored by the Division of Laser Science. It recognizes outstanding contributions to basic research which uses lasers to advance our knowledge of the fundamental physical properties of materials and their interaction with light. To nominate a colleague for the 2012 Schawlow Prize, please refer to the nomination guidelines found here.
Congratulations to the following members of the Division of Laser Science who were named Fellows of the American Physical Society in 2010! These people were nominated through the Division of Laser Science.
Musahid Ahmed, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Citation: For his creation of a world-class synchrotron chemical dynamics facility serving the community and his unique marriage of lasers with synchrotron science, used to study small molecule spectroscopy and energetics, biological imaging, combustion, nanoparticle reactivity, and chemical dynamics.
Mark Brongersma, Stanford University
Citation: For pioneering contributions and seminal works on plasmonics and silicon nanophotonics
Bahram Jalali, University of California, Los Angeles
Citation: For pioneering contributions to silicon photonics including demonstration silicon Raman laser and other nonlinear optics phenomenon.
DaiSik Kim, Seoul National University
Citation: For important contributions to ultrafast optical processes in semiconductors and near-field studies of plasmonics.
Katsumi Midorikawa,RIKEN, Saitama
Citation: For contributions to the generation of intense high harmonics and its application to nonlinear multiphoton processes in the extreme ultraviolet region.
Devulapalli Rao, University of Massachusetts, Boston
Citation: In recognition of a long record of significant contributions to the nonlinear optics of organic materials and their applications to optical power limiting, Fourier phase contrast microscopy and medical image processing.
Mark Stockman,Georgia State Unversity
Citation: For groundbreaking theoretical contributions to plasmonics including the SPASER, adiabatic superfocusing, and coherent control on the nanoscale
Frank Wise,Cornell University
Citation: For contributions to nonlinear optical wave propagation, including the demonstration of self-similar pulse evolution in a laser and the generation of space-time solitons; and also for leading the development of lead-chalcogenide semiconductor nanocrystals.
Congratulations to the following members of the Division of Laser Science who were named Fellows of the American Physical Society in 2010! These people were nominated through other APS divisions.
Gerald Diebold, Brown University
Citation: For the development of a body of elegant and sophisticated theories addressing fundamental mechanisms of the laser photoacoustic effect from spheres, cylinders, and layers of fluids and solids; the discovery of an anomalous giant photoacoustic effect; the worldwide impact of his experimental applications of his theories to suspensions, colloids, dye solutions, sedimentation and biomedical imaging.
Nominated by: APS
Henry Everitt, U.S. Army Missile Command
Citation: For his broad leadership in furthering quantum information science, including the effective stewardship of quantum information programs for the US government and also for his own research in semiconductor optics.
Nominated by: Quantum Information, Concepts, and Computation (GQI)
Tom Furtak, Colorado School of Mines
Citation: For contributions to the understanding of surface enhanced Raman scattering.
Nominated by: Condensed Matter Physics (DCMP)
Stanley Haan, Calvin College
Citation: For contributions to the theory of photodetachment, photoionization, and photorecombination processes, including quantum and classical models for double ionization of atoms.
Nominated by: Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics (DAMOP)
Hongxing Jiang, Texas Tech University
Citation: For his seminal works in the area of III-nitride wide bandgap semiconductors. In particular, for his significant contributions to the understanding of fundamental optical and defect properties and practical applications of III-nitrides and pioneering contributions to the field of nanophotonics.
Nominated by: Materials Physics (DMP)
Thomas Killian, Rice University
Citation: For studies of strong Coulomb coupling in ultra-cold neutral plasmas during thermal equilibration, and of cold collisions and quantum degeneracy with alkaline-earth metal atoms.
Nominated by: Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics (DAMOP)
Mikhail Lukin, Harvard University
Citation: For theoretical and experimental work in quantum optics, quantum information, and at the interface between atomic physics and condensed matter.
Nominated by: Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics (DAMOP)
Hye-Sook Park, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Citation: For the development of seminal experimental techniques to create and probe plasmas with extreme density and temperature.
Nominated by: Plasma Physics (DPP)
David Van Baak, Calvin College
Citation: For successfully refining and extending experiments used in the undergraduate curriculum and for promulgating the use of diode lasers in the undergraduate laboratory.
Nominated by: Education (FEd)
(next deadline: April 1)
(from Anne Myers Kelley, DLS Secretary / Treasurer)
I would like to encourage you to nominate deserving DLS members for Fellowship in the APS. Fellowship is a distinct honor signifying recognition by one's professional peers. The next deadline for nominations is April 1, 2011.
Information on the nominating process can be found on the Fellowships portion of the APS web page. If you are not sure whether a potential nominee is already a Fellow or whether they are a DLS member, you can check the APS member directory on the APS web site by selecting “Member Directory” under the “Membership” tab. Alternatively, you can find a membership list for each APS unit, with Fellows noted as such, here.
(next deadline for proposals: May 30)
The Distinguished Traveling Lecturer (DTL) Program is sponsored by the DLS, and its goal is to bring distinguished scientists to speak at colleges and departments that might not otherwise have the resources to invite them. The program covers the speaker’s honorarium and travel expenses, while the host institution is responsible for the speaker’s local expenses. Application deadlines occur on May 30 and November 30 each year. The current distinguished lecturers are:
Laurie Butler (University of Chicago)
Hui Cao (Yale University)
Eric Cornell (University of Colorado and NIST)
Fleming Crim (University of Wisconsin)
Jim Kafka (Spectra-Physics / Newport)
Chris Monroe (University of Maryland)
Luis Orozco (University of Maryland)
Carlos Stroud (University of Rochester)
Ron Walsworth (Harvard University)
Linda Young (Argonne National Laboratory)
Grand Ballroom G, Hyatt Hotel, Rochester, New York
October 26, 2010
Present: Warren Warren (chair), Steve Cundiff (chair-elect), Carlos Stroud (vice-chair), Nick Bigelow (past chair), Anne Kelley (secretary-treasurer), Bob Jones (member-at-large), Maria Allegrini (member-at-large)
Warren called the meeting to order at 9:11 am.
The minutes from the May 17, 2010 meeting at CLEO/QELS in San Jose were approved.
Anne presented a treasurer’s report. The net worth of the division has remained relatively flat over the past couple of years due to reduced income from CLEO/QELS and a lower rate of return paid by APS on investments. Our membership is slightly below the 3% of APS nominally required to remain a Division (it is now 2.93%), but this has not changed much in recent years and we have not been under pressure from APS to grow our numbers.
Anne discussed the Student Travel Grant program. The requirements were changed for this meeting to allow students to present at either FiO or LS, as long as they are DLS members. For this meeting there were 13 qualified applicants, but two were eliminated to avoid making more than one award to any given research group. The other 11 were awarded grants ranging from $500 to $350 (total of $5,000 awarded), with slightly larger amounts going to oral versus poster presenters, to LS versus FiO presenters, and to students whose advisors were also DLS members. The committee felt that for the next round (Spring 2011) some preference should be given for QELS versus CLEO presentation and that the person nominating the student should be required to be a DLS member except in some special cases (e.g. international applicants). The committee voted to allocate $5,000 for the student travel grant program for CLEO/QELS next spring.
Anne and Warren reported on the DLS elections. The elections have been delayed by the nominating committee’s difficulty in finding candidates willing to run for APS Councilor. Candidates for Vice-Chair and for the two Executive Committee members-at-large are in place. Several names were suggested as possible candidates for Councilor, and members were asked to send any other suggestions to Warren and/or Nominating Committee chair Mark Raizen.
There was an extensive discussion of the future of CLEO/QELS including guest Kate Kirby (APS Executive Officer) and Hal Metcalf (a previous DLS chair). The meeting, which had been a significant source of revenue for DLS in the past, has recently been in danger of going into the red, for which we would be financially responsible as 1/6 stakeholders in the combined meeting. Nick outlined the recent history of efforts to “rebrand” the meeting to make it more attractive to exhibitors. However, the general sense of the discussion was that the declining importance of CLEO to exhibitors is not likely to be reversed and we should instead focus on trying to reduce costs, in particular to renegotiate the OSA management fee, which is felt to be excessive. One possibility is for much of the management fee to be based on a percentage of net profit after expenses rather than a flat fee. Another possibility is to solicit outside bids to manage the conference. Our current contract expires after the 2011 meeting. Kate, who will be negotiating the new contract, was instructed not to accept a contract that exposes DLS to financial liability. The committee also discussed the possibility of separating QELS from CLEO altogether and running it as a separate meeting or co-located with a different meeting, but the general agreement was that this should be reserved as a potential longer-term solution.
Hal Metcalf (Symposium on Undergraduate Research organizer) reported on that symposium, which is being run as sessions of this meeting. This year 45 students are presenting, and with the symposium immediately after the plenary session, several of the plenary speakers and award winners attended the lunch and poster session with the students. The symposium costs about $30,000 but most of the costs are recouped from grants ($7,000 from NSF this year), corporate sponsors, and the students’ own institutions which support their travel. DLS allocated $8,000 this year but will likely be billed for only a fraction of that. The committee voted to allocate up to $8,000 to the next Symposium on Undergraduate Research to be held in conjunction with FiO/LS in 2011.
Nick reported on JCQE. He is one of the two DLS representatives to JCQE and we need to appoint another. Hailin Wang (Oregon) was suggested, and will be asked.
Kate Kirby also reported on other APS activities. PHYSTECH is a program to increase the number of high school physics teachers who have real training in physics, by working with physics departments which apply for grants from APS. APS received another $6M from NSF to establish more sites; in the last round they funded 6-7 out of 52 applications. APS is also starting a Minority Bridge program whose goal is to double the small number of underrepresented minorities receiving Ph.D.s in physics. Seed money from NSF was used to travel to minority serving institutions to discuss perceptions and barriers with students, and to Ph.D. granting institutions interested in starting bridge programs that might involve post-baccalaureate years or transitional masters programs.
Warren and Kate reported that the NRC is undertaking a second “Harnessing Light” report. The previous one, released in 1998, reported on recent progress and potential future applications in optics, and recommendations for the further growth and vitality of the field. The upcoming study will cost about $1M of which about half has now been garnered, largely from DoD. Oddly, the study is being run by the Materials board of NRC, not the Physics & Astronomy board.
Programming for QELS 2011 was discussed briefly, but this is done by JCQE and DLS has no direct input.
Steve reported on the New Laser Scientists conference which will run Thursday and Friday. 21 speakers are coming, none of whom have requested travel support. Program managers from AFOSR, DOE, and NSF will also attend and have been very enthusiastic about doing so. It is expected to come in under the DLS allocated budget of $5,000. Dan Stamper-Kurn will organize the next symposium in two years, and should be reminded to ask this committee to allocate support.
Bob Boyd and Roseanne Sension, the 2011 LS program chairs, are both attending the planning meeting here as requested by OSA. Warren recommended that they each be allocated up to $450 in travel expenses.
Maria Allegrini discussed the proposal for the UN to designate an upcoming year, most likely 2014 – 2016, as the International Year of Light. This committee voted in Fall 2009 to endorse this action, which is being spearheaded by the European Physical Society. To facilitate this there should be a representative from the U.S. societies, preferably, for political reasons, a U.S. citizen. There was discussion of the best way to proceed and whether APS should be acting alone. Liz Rogan (OSA CEO) said that OSA has been contacted about this effort. IEEE-Photonics and SPIE should also be involved. Steve agreed to contact John Dudley, the principal from the European side, to discuss the best way to move forward.
Guests Chad Stark (OSA meetings manager) and Liz Rogan (OSA CEO) reported on FiO/LS. This year’s numbers (papers and registrations) are comparable to last year’s. Venues have been selected for future years: 2011 San Jose, 2012 Rochester, 2013 Orlando, 2014 Tucson (still tentative), 2015 San Jose, 2016 Rochester (OSA centennial).
Roseanne Sension and Bob Boyd, LS 2011 program chairs, met with the committee. It was thought that having them appointed earlier than in previous years is a good idea and that in the future efforts should be made to appoint them in the spring of the previous year. Steve and Carlos will discuss possible individuals for 2012 program chairs. The committee provided a number of suggestions for topics and symposium organizers to Roseanne and Bob. By this time a quorum was no longer present, so an allocation of funds for invited speaker support for 2011 could not be made. Absent a quorum at that time, the committee voted by e-mail on Oct. 29 to allocate $12,000 to the LS 2011 program chairs to cover speaker registration and/or travel expenses.
Becky Thompson-Flagg (APS head of public outreach) reported on many LaserFest activities. These include PhysicsQuest inquiry-based “mysteries” for K-12, a video contest, SpectraSound snap-together kits that transmit sound via laser pointer, an appearance at the big Comic-Con International conference, LaserFest on the Road teams which have staged visits to six continents, many demonstrations at the huge USA Science and Engineering Festival on the Washington Mall, and the web site, which receives about 15000 visitors per month. Warren proposed that when LaserFest ends, the content of the web site be maintained by DLS. Warren volunteers to take this position initially, but eventually it should become a long-term position akin to the Newsletter editor. The estimated cost to maintain the web site is $10,000 per year. APS Central has already offered to cover half of this amount, and Warren expects the other half can be raised from corporate donors in exchange for “advertising” on the site. If there should be a shortfall, DLS is asked to make it up. The committee approved expending up to $5,000 per year to maintain the LaserFest web site.
Anne initiated a brief discussion of whether the DLS Fellows should be given the option of receiving their awards at CLEO/QELS or FiO/LS. Currently, if they can’t come to LS they receive their certificates and pins in the mail. It was felt that since DLS has so few Fellows anyway, it would not look good to have an even smaller number of presentations spread over two meetings. It was decided to maintain LS as the only meeting at which DLS presents Fellows awards.
The meeting was adjourned about 3:50 pm.