Evgany P. Velikhov
Russian Academy of Sciences
"For their unique contributions to Soviet Glasnot, which was a major factor in reversing the nuclear arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States."
In March 1983, Velikov and Sagdeev organized the Soviet Scientists' Committee for Peace Against the Nuclear Threat, which published a physics-based critique of the US SDI program three years later. In 1987, the committee began a collaboratiion with American scientists, led by Frank von Hippel, to produce studies on ways to diminish the nuclear threat. These science-based studies helped open up the Soviet Union to on-site inspections of Soviet nuclear facilities and the implacement of seismographs near the Soviet test site in Kazakhstan.